Konsument jako instytucja ekonomiczna i prawna
A Consumer as an Economic and Legal Institution
Autorzy identyfikują i porządkują zakres podmiotowy terminu "konsument" w aspekcie ekonomicznym i prawnym.
The article presents a consumer as an economic and legal institution, concentrating particularly on the meaning of the term "consumer". Both economists and lawyers have a different approach to the range of subjects denoted by the term "consumer". This problem is treated in a similar way by law (normative regulations); normative acts understand the term "consumer" differently, defining it frequently within authentic interpretation. This statement should be useful in the process of sorting out the legal regulations and bringing them closer to the EU legal system. Law should play its proper role in this process. Public support and general acceptance of the idea of consumer protection should also be more widely reflected in the legal system. A homogeneous approach to the consumer as a participant of the market should initiate wider changes in this sphere. The Polish law should use the term "consumer" when referring to a natural person who, due to the character of his/her transactions operates in the sphere of private life, not in the sphere of his/her professional or economic activity. (original abstract)