PL EN


Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników
2001 | nr 4 | 109--127
Tytuł artykułu

Obliczeniowe modele równowagi ogólnej (CGE)

Autorzy
Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Computable Models of General Equilibrium (CEG)
Języki publikacji
PL
Abstrakty
Artykuł poświęcony został obliczeniowym modelom równowagi ogólnej (Computable General Equilibrium - CGE) czyli idei mechanizmu gospodarczego i wzajemnych zależności między jego częściami składowymi. CGE są to badania wzajemnego oddziaływania podaży i popytu na wielu rynkach jednocześnie, oparte na Walrasowskiej teorii równowagi ogólnej. Modele te są szczególnie użyteczne ze względu na to, że odzwierciedlają rzeczywistą strukturę gospodarki, a otrzymane wyniki opisują istniejące w niej zakłócenia.
EN
The paper presents rarely used in Poland research method which is the computable model of general equilibrium. In distinction from the econometric models, where we assume that the investigated segment of reality is isolated from the rest of economy, and CGE models of the markets are connected with each other by the supply-demand mechanism like in a real economy. Such models arę particularly concentrated on the optimization of prosperity which is directly taken into consideration through the assumption about the rational behaviour of economic subjects. The approach of general equilibrium does not imply the conviction that the real world passes from one equilibrium to another. It serves as a tool for studying situations more real in reality, that is, the imbalance of the markets. The paper presents both the strong and weak sides of this tool and explains its main conception. For a long time in comprised exclusively a theoretical tool and only in the sixties for the first time it was used in empirical analyzes. A particular role in such an analysis is played by the way of noting the relation-ship between the variables since CGE models use a large number of variables. The model parameters are evaluated by means of calibration which significantly deviates from the estimation. (original abstract)
Rocznik
Numer
Strony
109--127
Opis fizyczny
Twórcy
autor
Bibliografia
  • Aaserud M., 1996, Costs and Benefits of Climate Policies: an Integrated Economy-Energy-Environment Model Approach for Norway, w: Madsen B., Jensen-Butler C., Mor- tensen J. B., Bruun-Christensen A. M. (red.), Modelling the Economy and the Environment, Springer, s. 77-92.
  • Anwar S., 1998, Government Size, Product Diversity and International Trade, "Journal of Policy Modeling", nr l, tom 20, s. 1-9.
  • Battjes J. J., Noorman K. J., Biesiot W., 1998, Assessing the energy intensities of imports, "Energy Economics", nr l, tom 20, s. 67-83.
  • Bergman L., 1990, The Development of Computable General Equilibrium Modelling, w: Bergman L., Jorgenson D. W., Zalai E. (red.), General Equilibrium Modelling and Economic Policy Analysis, Basil Blackwell, s. 3-30.
  • Bhattacharyya S. C., 1996, Applied General Equilibrium Models for Energy Studies: a Suruey, "Energy Economics", nr 18, s. 145-164.
  • Black F., 1995, Exploring General Equilibrium, MIT Press.
  • Blanchard O. J., Kiyotaki N., 1987, Monopolistic Competition and Effects of Aggregate Demand, "American Economic Review", nr 4, tom 77, s. 647-666.
  • Blaug M. (1986), Great Economists before Keynes, Cambridge University Press.
  • Bremond J., Salort M. M., 1997, Leksykon wybitnych ekonomistów, PWN, Warszawa.
  • CaprosP., GeorgakopoulosT.,Kotsomiti S., FilippoupolitisA., 1998, Economic Evaluation of Environmental Actions by Using the GEM-E3 General Equilibrium Model, National Technical University of Athens [project for DG-XI].
  • Charemza W. W., 1998, Guesstimation, mimeo, University of Leicester.
  • Czyżewski A., Orłowski W., Zienkowski L., 1999, Średniookresowe efekty członkostwa Polski w Unii Europejskiej, Instytut Europejski w Łodzi.
  • Debreu G., 1988, Existence of general equilibrium, w: Eatwell J., Milgate M., Newman P. (red.), The New Palgrave: A Dictionary of Economics, The Macmillan Press, s. 216-219.
  • Defourny J., Thoerbecke E., 1984, Structural Path Analysis and Multiplier Decomposition within a Social Accounting Matrix Framework, "Economic Journal", tom 94, s. 111-136.
  • Dervis K., J. de Melo, Robinson S., 1989, General Equilibrium Models for Development Policy, World Bank.
  • Devarajan S., Rodrik D., 1989, Trade Liberalization in Developing Countries: Do Imperfect Competition and Scale Economies Matter?, "AEA Papers and Proceedings", nr 2, tom 79, s. 283-287.
  • Dixon P. B., Parmenter B. R., Powell A. A., Wilcoxen P. J., 1992, Notes and Problems in Applied General Equilibrium Economics, North-Holland.
  • Frandsen S. E., Hansen J. V., Trier P., 1996, A CGE Model for Denmark Applied to CO2 Targets and GATT Liberalizations, w: Madsen B., Jensen-Butler C., Mortensen J. B., Bruun-Christensen A. M. (red.}, 1996, Modelling the Economy and the Environment, Springer, s. 62-76.
  • Galinis A., van Leeuwen M., 1998, A Computable General Equilibrium Model for Lithuania, mimeo, Lithuanian Energy Institute.
  • Genakoplos J., 1988, Arrow-Debreu model of general equilibrium, w: Eatwell J., Milgate M., Newman P. (red.), The New Palgrave: A Dictionary of Economics, The Macmillan Press, s. 116-124.
  • Geweke J., 1999, Computational Experiments and Reality, mimeo, University of Minnesota.
  • Ginsburgh V., Waelbroeck J., 1984, Planning Models and General Equilibrium Activity Analysis, w: Scarf H. E., Shoven J. B. (red.), Applied General Equilibrium Analysis, Cambridge Uniyersity Press, s. 415-438.
  • Ginsburgh V., Keyzer M., 1997, The Structure of Applied General Equilibrium Models, MIT Press.
  • Hansen L. P., Heckman J. J.,.1996, The Empirical Foundations of Calibration, "Journal of Economic Perspectives", nr l, tom 10, s. 87-104.
  • Harris R., 1984, Applied General Equilibrium Analysis of Small Open Economies with Scale Economies and Imperfect Competition, "American Economic Review", nr 5, tom 74, s. 1016-1031.
  • Hartley J., Salyer K., Sheffrin S., 1997, Calibration and Real Business Cycle Models: an Unorthodox Expeńment, "Journal of Macroeconomics", nr l, tom 19, s. 1-17.
  • Jorgenson D. W., 1984, Econometric Methods for Applied General Equilibrium Analysis, w: ScarfH. E., ShovenJ. B. (red.), Applied General Equilibrium Analysis, Cambridge University Press, s. 139-202.
  • Kaldor N. (1972), The Irrelevance of Equilibrium Economics, "Economic Journal", tom 82, s. 1237-1255.
  • Kandelaars P. P., van der Bergh J., 1997, General Equilibrium Analysis of Economic Instruments in Materials-Product Chains with Materials Balance, Recycling and Waste Treatment, Tinbergen Institute.
  • Kehoe P. J, Kehoe T. J., 1994, A Primer on Static Applied General Equilibrium Models, "Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis Quarterly Review", nr l, tom 18, s. 2-16.
  • Keuning S. J., 1995, Accounting for Economic Development and Social Change with case study for Indonesia, praca doktorska, Erasmus University of Rotterdam.
  • Keuschnigg C., Kohler W., 1997, Dynamics of Trade Liberalization, w: Francois J. F., Reinert K. (red.), Applied Trade Policy Analysis, Cambridge University Press, s. 383-434.
  • Komen M. H., Peerlings J. H., 1996, The effects of the Dutch 1996 energy tax for agriculture, mimeo, Wageningen [referat przedstawiony na międzynarodowym warsztacie "EAERE/Environmental Problems and Policy", 9-11 październik 1996].
  • Kydland F. E., Prescott E. C., 1996, The Computational Experiment: an Economic Tool, "Journal of Economic Perspectives", nr l, tom 10, s. 69-85.
  • Laroui F, 1995, A brief history of modelling, w: Laroui F., van Leeuwen M. J., Top-down or Bottom-up Modelling?, Fundacja Studiów Ekonomicznych (SEO) przy Uniwersytecie Amsterdamskim, raport 356, s. 1-37.
  • Lau L. J., 1984, Comments, w: Scarf H. E., Shoven J. B. (red.), Applied General Eąuilibrium Analysis, Cambridge University Press, s. 127-137.
  • Lewis B., Thorbecke E., 1992, District-Level Economic Linkages in Kenya: Evidence Based on a Small Regional Social Accounting Matrix, "World Development", nr 6, tom20, s. 881-897.
  • McKenzie L. W., 1988, General equilibrium, w: Eatwell J., Milgate M., Newman P. (red.), The New Palgrave: A Dictionary of Economics, The Macmillan Press, s. 498-512.
  • Nestor D. V., Pasurka C. A. Jr., 1998, Least-Cost Air Pollution Control: a CGE Framework, mimeo, US Environmental Protection Agency.
  • Parikh AL, Thorbecke E., 1996, Impact of Rural Industrialization on Village Life and Economy: a Social Accounting Matrix Approach, Economic Development and Cultu- ral Change, University of Chicago, s. 351-377.
  • Ramjerdi F., Rand L., 1996, A National Forecasting Model System for the Evaluation of the Impacts of Alternative Policy Measures on Transport and Environment, w: Madsen B., Jensen-Butler C., Mortensen J. B., Bruun-Christensen A. M. (red.), 1996, Modelling the Economy and the Environment, Springer, s. 221-238.
  • Reinert K. A., Roland-Holst D. W., 1995, Social Accounting Matrices, w: Francois J. F., Reinert K. (red.), Applied Trade Policy Analysis, Cambridge University Press, s. 94-121.
  • Ritter J. A., 1995, An Outsider's Guide to Real Business Cycle Modelling, "Federal Reserve Bank Review", nr 2, tom 77, s. 49-60.
  • Robinson S., 1989, Multisectoral Models, w: Chenery H., Srinivasan T. N. (red.), Hand- book of Development Economics, tom 2, North-Holland, s. 885-947.
  • Saynatmaki T., Kola I.,NokkalaM., 1998, Constructing Regional SAMsfor North Karelia and South Ostrobothnia by Using Regional I-O Tables, University of Helsinki, wersja internetowa [http://www.stat.fi/savonlimna/].
  • Scarf H. E., 1998, Computation of General Equilibrium, w: Eatwell J., Milgate M., Newman P. (red.), The New Palgrave: A Dictionary ofEconomics, The Macmillan Press, s. 556-562.
  • Shoven J. B. (1974), A Proof of the Existence of a General Equilibrium with ad Valorem Commodity Taxes, "Journal of Economic Theory", nr 8, s. 1-25.
  • Shoven J. B., Whalley J., 1992, Applying General Equilibrium, Cambridge.
  • Steininger K, 1996, General Models of Environmental Policy and Foreign Trade, mimeo, Wageningen [referat przedstawiony na międzynarodowym warsztacie "EAERE/ Environmental Problems and Policy", 9-11 października 1996].
  • Sulmicki P., 1959, Przepływy międzygałęziowe, PWG, Warszawa.
  • Tomaszewicz Ł., 1994, Metody analizy input-output, PWE, Warszawa.
  • Walker D. A., 1997, Advances in General Equilibrium Theory, Edward Elgar.
  • Watts G., Noonan W. R., Maddux H. R., Brookshire D. S., 1998, The Endangered Species Act and Critical Habitat Designation: an Integrated Biological and Economic Approach, mimeo, the University of New Mexico.
  • Żółkiewski Z., 1993, Social Accounting Matrix for Poland 1990, z prac ZBSE, GUS i PAN, zeszyt 215.
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.ekon-element-000000015939

Zgłoszenie zostało wysłane

Zgłoszenie zostało wysłane

Musisz być zalogowany aby pisać komentarze.
JavaScript jest wyłączony w Twojej przeglądarce internetowej. Włącz go, a następnie odśwież stronę, aby móc w pełni z niej korzystać.