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Czasopismo
2006 | nr 3 | 305--345
Tytuł artykułu

Czynniki wzrostu gospodarczego - wnioski z badań empirycznych

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Factors of economic growth - results from an empirical study
Języki publikacji
PL
Abstrakty
Opracowanie zawiera przegląd ponad 100 najnowszych badań empirycznych dotyczących wpływu różnych zmiennych na wzrost gospodarczy. Celem przeglądu literatury było wyznaczenie źródeł wzrostu gospodarczego, czyli czynników dodatnio wpływających na rozwój gospodarczy kraju. Na podstawie analizy badań empirycznych wyznaczyliśmy następujące czynniki wzrostu gospodarczego: (a) wysokie inwestycje w kapitał fizyczny (głównie w infrastrukturę) oraz wysokie bezpośrednie inwestycje zagraniczne; (b) wysokie inwestycje w kapitał ludzki (w edukację i ochronę zdrowia); (c) rozwój sektora finansowego; (d) rozwój handlu zagranicznego; (e) mały rozmiar sektora państwowego; (f) wysoki zakres wolności gospodarczej; (g) stabilność polityczna; (h) brak nierówności (m.in. dochodowych). (abstrakt oryginalny)
EN
This article relies on the review of the most recent and important empirical studies devoted to the explanation of the factors of economic growth. The main aim of the article is to identify those factors that might explain the differences in growth rates of individual countries. Empirical results suggest that the most important determinants of economic growth are: a) physical capital investments (especially in infrastructure), b) human capital investment (health and education expenditure), c) financial sector development, d) international trade, government sector (possibly small), f) economic freedom, g) political stability, absence of the high inequalities in incomes and personal property. (original abstract)
Czasopismo
Rocznik
Numer
Strony
305--345
Opis fizyczny
Twórcy
Bibliografia
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