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Czasopismo
2007 | nr 5-6 | 1--23
Tytuł artykułu

Teoretyczny wymiar zależności między zmianami instytucjonalnymi, polityką ekonomiczną a wzrostem gospodarczym

Autorzy
Warianty tytułu
The Theoretical Aspect of the Relationship Between Institutional Change, Economic Policy and Growth
Języki publikacji
PL
Abstrakty
Autor przypuszcza, że w najbliższych latach w badaniach nad wzrostem i rozwojem coraz większe znaczenie będzie się przywiązywać do interakcji między polityką ekonomiczną a reformami instytucjonalnymi. Szczegółowe próby analizowania tych relacji będą podejmowane w powiązaniu z bardziej precyzyjnie zakreśloną perspektywą teoretyczną, wyraźnie sformułowaną hipotezą badawczą lub konkretnym modelem. Zdaniem autora, badania będą jednak pozostawać przede wszystkim pod wpływem głównego wniosku z doświadczeń minionych lat, który dobitnie wskazuje na ograniczone możliwości osiągnięcia znacznych i trwałych korzyści poprzez przenoszenie rozwiązań instytucjonalnych z krajów, w których się one sprawdziły. Omówione w artykule badania świadczą wyraźnie, że badaczy oraz instytucje międzynarodowe cechuje obecnie daleko idący sceptycyzm co do możliwości znalezienia uniwersalnych rozwiązań i „najlepszych praktyk", które mogłyby być z pożytkiem stosowane przez różne kraje.
EN
The paper examines the latest trends in theoretical research into possible interactions between institutional change and economic policy in the process of growth. Even though the article focuses on changes in the theoretical approach to economic growth and development, the author analyzes these issues in combination with actual economic processes. New trends and processes that have taken place over the past decade or so have led to radical changes in economic theory. This is primarily because the previously used and recommended tools were inefficient. The author describes past experiences that defy traditional interpretation and call for a more adequate approach. The article shows that institutional change is seen as an important factor not only in development economics, but also in empirical studies of economic growth conducted as part of mainstream economics. The author's analysis of the current stage of research shows that, contrary to expectations, the differences between economic policy and institutional change are still unclear; they are mostly intuitive and arbitrary in nature, and the terms themselves are either imprecise or, in some cases, left completely undefined. This means that researchers have insufficiently examined the complementariness, substitutability and relative autonomy of institutions with regard to economic policy, the author concludes. Consequently, in the coming years, those conducting research into economic growth should analyze the role of institutions and economic policy with greater precision, Wojtyna says. (original abstract)
Czasopismo
Rocznik
Numer
Strony
1--23
Opis fizyczny
Twórcy
Bibliografia
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Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.ekon-element-000127904492

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