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2010 | nr 843 | 5--21
Tytuł artykułu

Modele federalistyczne w perspektywie porównawczej

Warianty tytułu
A Comparative Study of Federalist Models
Języki publikacji
Federalizm jest kategorią złożoną, trudną do jednoznacznej interpretacji, dlatego mamy do czynienia z różnymi modelami i sposobowymi jego rozumienia. Niniejszy artykuł prezentuje w zarysie różne modele federalne, które teoretycy amerykańscy przewidzieli w ewolucji systemu federalnego Stanów Zjednoczonych Ameryki Północnej: dualistyczny, kooperatywny, konkurencyjny oraz federalizm asymetryczny. (fragment tekstu)
The composite and original character of federalism finds expression in the term pluribus unum, so it should not be surprising that there is not one but many models of this system to consider. Depending on the solutions that find application, there will be a variety of ways that competencies are allocated between the constituent political units of a federation and a central government. Central governments normally possess competencies in defence and international politics, though we must bear in mind that the constituent units can also function in the international arena while having representation in decision-making bodies at the central-government level. As a conceptual category, federalism is difficult to qualify, in theoretical as well as in practical terms, and we therefore must consider various models and ways of understanding it. The article presents an outline of those models that American theorists foresaw in the évolution of the federal system of the United States - dualistic, cooperative, competitive, and asymmetrical federalism. It also presents two selected applications of these models on the specific example of a particular country’s political system, both of which are important not only from the point of view of the evolution of federalism as a political system. (original abstract)
Opis fizyczny
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