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2004 | nr 6 | 47--66
Tytuł artykułu

eWork in the New Member Countries (Does It Help to Open New Development Paths? Lessons from Various EU Projects)

Autorzy
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
W artykule poruszono zagadnienia e-pracy nowych krajów członkowskich Unii Europejskiej.
EN
The present analysis focuses on various dimensions of the distribution of eWork in selected New Member States ( NMS ) in comparison with EU ( 15 ) countries. The introduction outlines various cycles of the transformation process in the CEE region, and localizes e-economy in this process. As far as the methodology is concerned, the paper's approach is to provide an analysis on the distribution of eWork, as well as present the aspects of supply and demand from the viewpoint of the labor process. In this sense, the author interprets eWork not as a new tool for working facilitated or enabled by IGT but as an organizational innovation. Due to such an interpretation of eWork, the recommendations formulated both for policy makers and researchers call attention not only to the complexity of changes required for the successful implementation of eWork, but also to the often neglected social-organisational and cultural contexts of these changes. In this perspective, it is necessary to stress the importance of the production paradigms and their national variations. For example, more flexibility in manpower and skill use related to the post-Fordist work organization—assuming an adequate ICT level in the firms—may speed up the distribution of various forms of eWork. On the other hand, the dominance of the Fordist type work organization may slow down the speed of implementing e Work even in firms that are equipped with excellent quality ICT equipment. In stressing the organizational innovative character of e Work, it is necessary to make more efforts—both in the communities of practitioners and researchers—to better understand and overcome the social-cultural and economic barriers (e.g. industrial age management culture in the labor process) to the flexible use of manpower and knowledge. In this sense, it is necessary to call attention to the significant role of networking in "project type work" and the related patterns of knowledge conversion that have taken place in the labor process. (original abstract)
Rocznik
Numer
Strony
47--66
Opis fizyczny
Twórcy
autor
  • Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Budapest, Hungary
Bibliografia
  • Altieri, G., Birindelli, L., Bracaglia, P., Tartaglione, C., Albaraccin, D., Vaquero, J. Fissamber, V. (2003), eWork in Southern Europe, Brighton: Institute for Employment Studies, Research Report No. 395.
  • David, P. A. (1994), Carriers of History: Path Dependence and the Evolution of Conventions, Organizations and Institutions, Structural Changes and Economic Dynamics, Vol. 5, No.2, 205- 220.
  • Dejonckheere, J. - Ramioul, M., Van Hootegem, G. (2003), Is Small Finally Becoming Beautiful? Small and Medium-Size Enterprises in the New Economy, Leuven: HIVA -Brighton: Institute for Employment Studies, Report No. 391.
  • Flecker, J., Kirschenhofer S. (2002), Jobs on the Move: European Case Studies in Relocating eWork, Vienna: FORBA - Working Life Center - Brighton: Institute for Employment Studies, Report No. 386.
  • Huws, U. (2003), When Work Takes Flight, Research Results from the EMERGENCE Project, Brighton: Institute for Employment Studies, Report No. 397.
  • Huws, U. - Jagger, N., Bates, P. (2001), Where the Butterfly Alights: The Global Location of eWork, Brighton: Institute for Employment Studies, Report No. 378.
  • Innovation in the EU: A Little Less Than Half of the EU 15 Enterprises have Innovation Activity, ES Eurostat News Release, 61/2004 - 7th May 2004.
  • Lam, A. (2004), Organizational Innovation, In: Fagerberg (ed.) The Oxford Handbook of Innovation, Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 115-147. (Under publication-First proof).
  • Lockyer, C., Warhurst, Ch., Dutton, E. (2004), IT Jobs: Opportunities for All?, Glasgow: Scottish Center for Employment Research - University of Strathclyde.
  • Makó, Csaba, Melles, Katalin, Keszi, Roland (2004), A kisés középállalkozások és a távmunka - egy nemzetközi összehasonlitás perspektivájában, (Small and Medium Size Firm and Tele-Work in an International Comparative Perspective), eGAP Project - EU 5th Framework - 1ST - 2001 - 35179, Budapest: Institute of Sociology - Hungarian Academy of Sciences, (in Hungarian).
  • Makó, Cs., Keszi, R. (2003), eWork in EU Candidate Countries, Brighton: Institute for Employment Studies, Report No. 396.
  • Measuring the Information Society in the EU, the EU Accession Countries, Switzerland and the USA, SIBIS Pocket Book, 2002-2003, Bonn.
  • Nonaka, I. (1994), A Dynamic Theory of Organizational Knowledge Creation, Organization Science 5(1).
  • Regional Indicators of e-Government and e-Business in Information Society Technologies, Deliverable 4.1. IS/ICT Activities, Products, Occupations in Regional Classifications (Correspondences and Differences), EU - 5ih Framework Project, IST-2001-33199 -Project Coordinator: Universität Oberta de Catalunya.
  • Schienstock, G. (2004), Organizational Innovations: Some Reflections on the Concept, Tampere: University of Tampere - Research Institute for Social Sciences - Work Research Center.
  • Taylor, Ph., Bain, P. (1999), "An Assembly Line in the Head": Work and Employee Relations in the Call Center", Industrial Relations Journal 31:2.
  • Schienstock, G., Hamalainen, T. (2002), Transformation of the Finnish Innovation System, Helsinki: SITRA Reports Series 7.
  • Whitley, R. (2004), Project-based Firms: New organizational form or variations on a theme? Manchester: University of Manchester Rotterdam: Erasmus University.
  • Working Conditions in the Acceding and Candidate Countries (2003) Dublin: European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions, www.eurofound.eu.int
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.ekon-element-000171188609

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