eWork in the New Member Countries (Does It Help to Open New Development Paths? Lessons from Various EU Projects)
W artykule poruszono zagadnienia e-pracy nowych krajów członkowskich Unii Europejskiej.
The present analysis focuses on various dimensions of the distribution of eWork in selected New Member States ( NMS ) in comparison with EU ( 15 ) countries. The introduction outlines various cycles of the transformation process in the CEE region, and localizes e-economy in this process. As far as the methodology is concerned, the paper's approach is to provide an analysis on the distribution of eWork, as well as present the aspects of supply and demand from the viewpoint of the labor process. In this sense, the author interprets eWork not as a new tool for working facilitated or enabled by IGT but as an organizational innovation. Due to such an interpretation of eWork, the recommendations formulated both for policy makers and researchers call attention not only to the complexity of changes required for the successful implementation of eWork, but also to the often neglected social-organisational and cultural contexts of these changes. In this perspective, it is necessary to stress the importance of the production paradigms and their national variations. For example, more flexibility in manpower and skill use related to the post-Fordist work organization—assuming an adequate ICT level in the firms—may speed up the distribution of various forms of eWork. On the other hand, the dominance of the Fordist type work organization may slow down the speed of implementing e Work even in firms that are equipped with excellent quality ICT equipment. In stressing the organizational innovative character of e Work, it is necessary to make more efforts—both in the communities of practitioners and researchers—to better understand and overcome the social-cultural and economic barriers (e.g. industrial age management culture in the labor process) to the flexible use of manpower and knowledge. In this sense, it is necessary to call attention to the significant role of networking in "project type work" and the related patterns of knowledge conversion that have taken place in the labor process. (original abstract)
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