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2011 | nr 1 (206) | 32--43
Tytuł artykułu

Czy kryzys gospodarczy spowodował wzrost protekcjonizmu w handlu?

Warianty tytułu
Has the Recent Global Economic Crisis Led to a Rise in Protectionism?
Języki publikacji
Przedstawiono różnice w ocenie tendencji protekcjonistycznych w raportach Światowej Organizacji Handlu, Global Trade Alert i Raportach Unii Europejskiej. Zamieszczono dane dotyczące środków protekcjonistycznych w handlu oraz środków dyskryminacyjnych.
At the end of 2008 and in early 2009, global trade fell more sharply than during the Great Depression. At the successive summits, the G20 leaders committed themselves to avoid the introduction of new 'beggar-thyneighbour' measures and to remove those in force or planned. The G20 leaders requested the WTO, OECD and UNCTAD to monitor and to report publicly on the evolution of the situation on a quarterly basis. The monitoring of discriminatory measures was also conducted by the independent group Global Trade Alert (GTA). As the crisis affected the EU trade even more than the global average, the European Commission started its own monitoring of potentially trade restrictive measures adopted by major trading partners. Two years since the launch of the monitoring, the WTO report confirmed that the major factor behind the collapse of world trade had not been a trade protectionism, but the falling demand. Nevertheless the reports of WTO, GTA and EU indicated the growing risk of a potential accumulation of restrictive measures implemented since the outbreak of the crisis. There are mounting concerns that they have become part of the post-crisis trade regime. The paper presents the main findings of the reports and suggests reasons for smaller than anticipated scope of governments' intervention. (original abstract)
Opis fizyczny
  • The collapse of global trade, murky protectionism, and the crisis: Recommendations for the G20, red. R. Baldwin, S.J. Evenett, A publication, Centre for Economic Policy Research, 2009.
  • The dog that didn't bark, "Economist", 23.06.2010, 0/06/ protectionism and trade [28.02.2011].
  • F. Erixon, Containing Creeping Protectionism: A Realist Agenda for the G20, "Ecipe Policy Briefs", European Center for International Political Economy, No 1/2009.
  • F. Erixon, R. Sally, Keynes at Home, Smith Abroad, Domestic stimulus spills over to protectionism, "Wall Street Journal", 7.09.2009.
  • European Commission, Seventh Report on potentially trade restrictive measures identified in the context of the economic crisis, May 2010 - September 2010.
  • S.J. Evenett, M. Wermelinger, A snapshot of contemporary protectionism: how important are the murkier forms of trade discrimination?, chapl.pdf
  • G20 Countries Largely Resisting Protectionism: Report 11.03.2010, "Bridges Weekly", [28.02.2011]
  • Ch. Henn, B.NAcDonald, "Avoiding Protectionism"w: “Finance & Development", IMF, March 2010,
  • D.A. Irwin, Avoiding 1930s-Style Protectionism: Lessons for Today, w: Effective Crisis Response and Openness: Implications for the Trading System, red. S.J. Evenett, B.M. Hoekman, O. Cattaneo, Centre for Economic Policy Research, World Bank, December 2009.
  • H.L. Kee, C. Neagu, A. Nicita, Is Protectionism on the Rise? Assessing National Trade Policies during the Crisis of2008, "Policy Research Working Paper", 5274, The World Bank, 2010.
  • P. Messerlin, The World Trade Regime, the WTO and Large Scale Crises: Perspectives after the Pittsburg G20 Summit, Asia- Pacific Trade Economists' Conference Trade-Led Growth in Times of Crisis, Groupe d'Economie Mondiale, "Policy Brief", October 26 2009.
  • Raporty WTO, OECD i UNCTAD zostały opublikowane: 14 września 2009 г., 8 marca 2010 г., 14 czerwca 2010 г. i 4 listopada 2010 r.
  • D. Rodrik, „The myth of rising protectionism", Project Syndicate. A World of Ideas; 13.10.2009, English [28.02.2011]
  • A Śliwiński, Mroczny protekcjonizm, „Europejski Monitor Ekonomiczny", 27.10.2009, s17/Artyku%C5%82y/a67/Mroczny_protekcjonizm.html
  • Tensions Contained... For Now: The 8th GTA Report, red. S.J. Evenett, June 2010, University of St Gallen and CEPR, s. 24.
  • WTO, Joint Summary on G20 Trade and Investment Measures, 4 November 2010.
  • WTO, Report on G20 Trade Measures (May 2010 to October 2010), 4 November 2010.
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