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2010 | 3 | nr 3 | 7--43
Tytuł artykułu

Poland's fiscal exposition and its impact on economic growth and the well-being of its citizens

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
The article aims at showing Poland's fiscal exposition against the background of other European and non-European countries, as well as its impact on the economic growth and the well-being of its citizens. The most important conclusions to be drawn from the analysis carried out by the authors are as follows: •the 43% share of public spending in GDP is too high and the expenses are relatively much higher than those in such countries as: Sweden, Denmark or France examined when these countries had a level of GDP per capita similar to the one currently achieved in Poland, •dominating share of fixed expenses in the budget spending total prevents the Polish economy from faster economic growth than up until now, •the structure of fixed expenses (among others subvention for local governments, subsidies for the Social Insurance Fund (ZUS), subsidies for Agricultural Social Insurance Fund (KRUS) indicates inęffective systemic solutions, which as a consequence increases the level of fiscalism in Poland hindering the economic growth rate, •in order to make the economic growth in Poland dynamic, it is necessary to take actions to reduce expenses financed by the public finance sector, •changes must be introduced into the Polish tax system in order to reduce the volume of the grey economy. At the same time, the article presents suggestions of changes to modify the existing fiscal system in Poland, the implementation of which should stimulate entrepreneurship and dynamise the economic growth of the country. (abstrakt oryginalny)
EN
The article aims at showing Poland's fiscal exposition against the background of other European and non-European countries, as well as its impact on the economic growth and the well-being of its citizens. The most important conclusions to be drawn from the analysis carried out by the authors are as follows: •the 43% share of public spending in GDP is too high and the expenses are relatively much higher than those in such countries as: Sweden, Denmark or France examined when these countries had a level of GDP per capita similar to the one currently achieved in Poland, •dominating share of fixed expenses in the budget spending total prevents the Polish economy from faster economic growth than up until now, •the structure of fixed expenses (among others subvention for local governments, subsidies for the Social Insurance Fund (ZUS), subsidies for Agricultural Social Insurance Fund (KRUS) indicates inęffective systemic solutions, which as a consequence increases the level of fiscalism in Poland hindering the economic growth rate, •in order to make the economic growth in Poland dynamic, it is necessary to take actions to reduce expenses financed by the public finance sector, •changes must be introduced into the Polish tax system in order to reduce the volume of the grey economy. At the same time, the article presents suggestions of changes to modify the existing fiscal system in Poland, the implementation of which should stimulate entrepreneurship and dynamise the economic growth of the country. (original abstract)
Rocznik
Tom
3
Numer
Strony
7--43
Opis fizyczny
Twórcy
Bibliografia
  • Balcerowicz L., Ekonomia i etyka państwa socjalnego (Economics and ethics of welfare state). Wykład dla Polskiej Rady Biznesu (Lecture for the Polish Business Council), 1 February 2006.
  • Bielecki J., Doganiamy bogatą Unię (We are catching up with the rich Union), "Dziennik", 11.08.2009.
  • Bałszczyk A., Mazurkiewicz P., Szara strefa szybko się rozrasta (Grey economy is growing fast), "Rzeczpospolita", 20.03.2009.
  • Chądzyński M., Państwo musi działać zdecydowanie aby zwalczać szarą strefę (State should be firm in order to fight grey economy). Rozmowa z wiceministrem gospodarki A.Szejnfeldem (Interview with Deputy Minister for Economy A.Szejnfeld), "Gazeta Prawna", 5.01.2009.
  • Chrościcki T., Szra strefa w polskiej gospodarce na tke innych krajów (Grey economy inPoland at the background of other countries), "Nowe Życie Gospodarcze", 16 May 2007.
  • Cieszkowska B., Jeszcze się nie cieszmy głośno. Rozmowa z Marcinem Mrowiem głównym ekonomistą Banku Pekao S.A. (Let us not be openly pleased yet, Talk with Marcin Mrowiec, Pekao S.A chief economist), "Gazeta Wyborcza", 11 August 2009.
  • Doing Business 2007, Poland, Doing Business 2009, Country profile for Poland, Doing Business 2007, The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development/The World Bank, 2009, 2008, 2006 http://www,doingbusiness,org/ExploreEconomies/?economid=154(1 November 2009).
  • Eurostat, DPR change rate in real terms. Last update 13 July 2009, http://europa,eu/geninfo/legal_notices_en,htm(16 July 2009).
  • Kondycja małych i średnich przedsiębiorstw u progu 2003 r. (SME condition at the beginning of 2003). Raport z II edycji badań przeprowadzonych przez ASM - Centrum Badań i Analizy rynku, na zlecenie Polskiej Konfederacji Pracodawców Prywatnych, Warszawa, luty 2003 r. (Report on the 2 part of research carried out by Market Research and Analysis Centre commissioned by the Polish Confederation of Private Employers).
  • Markiewicz M., Siwińska J., Wydatki sztywne budżetu państwa (State budget fixed expenses), Studia Analizy (Studies and Analyses), CASE-Centrum Analiz Społeczno-Ekonomicznych, Warszawa 2003.
  • O nowy ład podatkowy (To achieve a new tax order), Study from the series "Przedsiębiorczość" (Entrepreneurship) ed. by J.Ostaszewski, SGH Warszaw 2007.
  • OECD Economic Outlook 2009/1, No.85.
  • OECD Economic Outlook 2009/2, No.85.
  • Orłowski W., Z 20-30 lat mamy szansę prześcignąć Niemców (In 20-30 years we will have a chance to outstrip Germany), "Dziennik", 11.08.2009.
  • Ostaszewski J., Russel P., Prawno-ekonomicze bariery rozwoju przedsiębiorczości oraz pożądane metody aktywizacji życia gospodarczego w Polsce (Legal and economic barriers in development of entrepreneurship and desired methods of economic life animation in poland). Instrumenty finansowe w pobudzaniu aktywności gospodarczej Polski (Financial instruments to stimulate Poland's business activity), ed.J.Ostaszewski, SGH Warszaw 2002.
  • Pawłowska D., Omachel R., Emeryturay zagrożone (Pensions in danger), "Dziennik", No.79 of 21 July 2008.
  • Russel P., Podatek liniowy (Linear tax), Biuro Analiz Sejmowych (Parliamentary Analysis Bureau), September 2008.
  • Schneider F., Recent Experience in the Use of Suveys and other Methods Measuring and Understanding the Shodow Economy. Tax and Benefit Fraud. Department of Economics Johannes Kepler University of Linz. February 2008.
  • Schneider F., The size of shadow economy for 25 transition countries over Kepler University of Linz, March 2009.
  • Unemployment in Poland - situation diagnosis, desired directions in unemployment reduction. Study from series "Przedsiębiorczość" (Entrepreneurship), ed.by J.Ostaszewski, SGH Warszawa 2006.
  • World Economic Outlock, Crisis and Recovery, April 2009, International Monetary Fund.
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.ekon-element-000171193995

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