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2009 | nr 26 | 95--111
Tytuł artykułu

The Rise in inequality following the transition from the centrally planned to market economy in the Central and Eastern European Countries : is it persistent?

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
The transition to the open market economy in the early 1990s caused major changes in the societies of the former centrally planned economies. Among the most visible ones there has been a significant increase of income inequalities, measured by the Gini coefficient. The aim of this paper is to present the evolution of the income inequalities in twelve Central and Eastern European Countries (CEECs), which are Belarus, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Romania, Russian Federation, Slovakia and Ukraine. The analysis covers the period from the early 1990s, which mark the transition point, to the years 2005-2007 depending on the data availability. The paper is divided into three sections. The first one examines changes in income inequality levels in the CEECs, including the possible reasons and differences among the countries under scrutiny as well as various measures of inequality. In the following section we discuss the persistence of this development. Further, we check, whether there is a discrepancy between the CEECs and UE15 income inequality developments over the last two decades and look for possible reasons of this situation. Our conclusions are presented in the final part of the paper. (original abstract)
Rocznik
Numer
Strony
95--111
Opis fizyczny
Twórcy
Bibliografia
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  • Forster M., Jesuit D., Smeeding T. (2002), 'Regional Poverty and Income Inequality in Central and Eastern Europe: Evidence from the Luxembourg Income Study', WIDER Discussion Paper, Vol. 2003/65.
  • Forser M. (2000), Trends and Driving Factors in Income Distribution and Poverty in the OECD Area, OECD Labour Market and Social Policy Occasional Papers No. 42.
  • Grun C. and Klase S. (2000), 'Growth, Income Distribution and Well-Being in Transition Countries, University of Munich Discussion Paper no. 2000-14.
  • Heyns B. (2005), 'Emerging inequalities in Central and Eastern Europe', Annual review of sociology vol. 31.
  • Ivanova M. (2007), 'Inequality and government policies in Central and Eastern Europe', East European Quarterly, Summer 2007.
  • Keane P. and Prasad E. (2001), 'Poland: Inequality, Transfers, and Growth in Transition', Finance Development, March 2001, vol. 38, no. 1.
  • Kornai J. (1996), 'Paying the Bill for Goulash-Communism', Social Research, 1996, Vol. 63:943-1041.
  • Milanovic B. (1998), 'Explaining the increase in inequality during the transition', Economics of transition, Vol. 7 (2):299-341.
  • Mitra P. and Yemtsov R. (2006), Increasing Inequality in Transition Economies: Is There More to Come?, World Bank Policy Research Working Paper no. 4007.
  • OECD Report (2008), 'Education at a Glance: OECD Indicators'.
  • Rutkowski J.J. (2001), 'Earnings Inequality in Transition Economies of Central Europetrends and Patterns during the 1990s', World Bank SP Discussion Paper no. 0117.
  • Weeks J. (2005), ' Inequality Trends in Some Developed OECD Countries', in: K. S., Jomo and Baudot, Jacques, (eds.), Flat World, Big Gaps. New York: Zed Books and the United Nations:159-215.
  • World Bank Report (2005), 'Growth, Poverty, and Inequality. Eastern Europe and Former Soviet Union.
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.ekon-element-000171215601

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