PL EN


Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników
2012 | nr 3 (20) | 45--58
Tytuł artykułu

"Everyone Is a Potential Leader" - Attractiveness of a Charismatic Church in Solo, Java (Indonesia)

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
"Każdy jest potencjalnym liderem" - atrakcyjność charyzmatycznego Kościoła w Solo, Jawa (Indonezja)
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
Ewangelicko-charyzmatyczny Kościół Rodziny Bożej (GBI-KA: Gereja Bethel Indonesia - Keluarga Allah) został założony w mieście Solo na Jawie i obecnie przeżywa okres gwałtownej ekspansji, zwłaszcza w swoim przeważnie muzułmańskim otoczeniu. Wciąż jednak nie jest znany powód, dla którego tak wielu chrześcijan woli ten Kościół od innych kilku także obecnych w mieście. Po przeprowadzeniu etnograficznych badań terenowych, wydaje się, że najważniejsze przyczyny tej ekspansji leżą poza zależnościami ekonomicznymi czy biznesowymi. Aby dowieść swoich wniosków, autorka zagłębia się w system ekonomiczno-społeczny Kościoła Rodziny Bożej, a także w jego wewnętrzną strukturę. Jest jasne, że Kościół ten, podobnie jak wiele innych, wypełnia lukę w polityce społecznej Indonezji. Jednak podstawowa różnica polega na jego wewnętrznej strukturze, która traktuje każdego jako potencjalnego lidera. (abstrakt oryginalny)
EN
The evangelical-charismatic Family of God Church (GBI-KA: Gereja Bethel Indonesia - Keluarga Allah) was founded in the Javanese town of Solo and is currently booming, especially in predominantly Muslim surroundings. The reason why so many Christians prefer specifically this church over several other churches in town is still unknown. After doing ethnographic field research in 2011, I suggest that the reasons for its boom are not so much the economy or successful business relations, as was perhaps the case up tol five years ago. To prove my findings, I will take a closer look at the Family of God Church's economic and social system as well as its internal structure. It is quite obvious that this church, like many other churches, fills a gap in Indonesian social politics. But what is different about the Family of God Church is its inner cell-structure, which sees everyone as a potential leader. This structure picks up the idea of the International Charismatic Mission Church (ICMC) of G12 cell churches. The idea is to build an endlessly growing organism of cells and then add a spiritual component by organising these cells in groups of twelve to evoke the idea of Jesus and his twelve apostles. Next to the attractive spiritual component, this organisational structure stands out in contrast to the Javanese traditional social system as it offers individuals the chance to move up the hierarchical ladder. Furthermore, the masses of the fast growing population are broken down into small groups who share the same aim, i.e. to experience Jesus or to be "born again" (melahirkan kembali), as they call it. (original abstract)
Słowa kluczowe
PL
Religia  
EN
Rocznik
Numer
Strony
45--58
Opis fizyczny
Twórcy
  • Heidelberg University, Niemcy
Bibliografia
  • Badan Pusat Statistik, Sensus Penduduk 2010, population census 2010, http://sp2010.bps.go.id/index.php/site/index (accessed: 15.04.2012).
  • Bela Th., Muslim Attacks on Indonesian Christian Churches in 2010, Friends of Indonesia: Baltimore, Maryland 2011, http://friendsofindonesia.org/2011/01/muslim-attacks-on-indonesian-christian-churches-in-2010/ (accessed: 18.04.2012).
  • Budijanto B., Evangelicals and politic in Indonesia. The case of Surakarta, [in:] D.H. Lumsdaine (Ed.), Evangelical Christianity and Democracy in Asia, Oxford University Press, Oxford/New York 2009.
  • Cecep, Gerombolan Bercadar Rusak Rumah Pendeta [English: "Veiled gang destroys a pastor's house"], 2012, http://mediakeberagaman.com/gerombolan-bercadar-rusak-rumah-pendeta.php (accessed: 21.04.2012).
  • Comiskey J., The Family of God Church (GBI) Known for Seeing Everyone as a Potential Leader, 2006a, http://www.joelcomiskeygroup.com/articles/Newsletters-CCS/June2006LargeChurches.htm (accessed: 21.04.2012).
  • Comiskey J., Myths & Truths of the Cell Church. Key Principles that Make or Break Cell Ministry, 2006b, http://www.joelcomiskeygroup.com/mythsTruths.html (accessed: 21.04.2012).
  • Crouch M., Regulating places of worship in Indonesia: Upholding freedom of religion for religious minorities?, Singapore Journal of Legal Studies 2007, pp. 96-116.
  • Crouch M., Religious regulations in Indonesia: Failing vulnerable groups, Review of Indonesian and Malaysian Affairs 2009, Vol. 43, No. 2, pp. 53-103.
  • Feillard A., Madinier R., The End of Innocence? Indonesian Islam and the Temptations of Radicalism, KITLV Press, Leiden 2011.
  • Geertz C., The religion of Java, University of Chicago Press, Chicago 1965.
  • Hefner R.W., Of faith and commitment: Christian conversion in Muslim Java, [in:] R.W. Hefner (Ed.), Conversion to Christianity. Historical and Anthropological Perspectives on a Great Transformation, University of California Press, Berkeley 1993.
  • ICG - International Crisis Group (8 August 2002), Al-Qaeda in Southeast Asia: The Case of the 'Ngruki Network' in Indonesia (Corrected on 10 January 2003), Jakarta/Brussels (Asia Briefing 20), http://www.crisisgroup.org/en/regions/asia/south-east-asia/indonesia/B020-al-qaeda-in-southeast-asia-the-case-of-the-ngruki-network-in-indonesia-corrected-on-10-January-2003.aspx (accessed: 24.04.2012).
  • ICG - International Crisis Group (2008): Indonesia - Implications of the Ahmadiyah Decree. Update Briefing, Jakarta/Brussels (Asia Briefing 78), http://www.crisisgroup.org/~/media/Files/asia/south-east-asia/indonesia/b78_indonesia_implications_of_the_ahmadiyah_decree.pdf (accessed: 15.04.2012).
  • Kohl K.-H., Die Macht der Dinge: Geschichte und Theorie sakraler Objekte. [English: "Power of Things: History and Theory on Sacred Objects"], C.H. Beck, Munich 2003.
  • Koning J., Dahles H., Spiritual power: Ethnic Chinese managers and the rise of charismatic christianity in Southeast Asia, The Copenhagen Journal of Asian Studies 2009, Vol. 27, No. 1, pp. 5-37.
  • Last words of a terrorist, The Guardian, 2001 http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2001/sep/30/terrorism.september113 (accessed: 18.04.2012).
  • Magnis-Suseno F., Javanische Weisheit und Ethik: Studien zu einer östlichen Moral. [English: "Javanese Ethics and Wisdom: Morality in an Eastern Society"], Oldenbourg, München 1981.
  • Nelson R., Sejarah singkat Gereja Bethel Indonesia - Lahirnya GPdI [English: "Short History of the Bethel Church of Indonesia, which Gave Birth to GPdI - Gereja Pantekosta di Indonesia, the Pentecostal Church of Indonesia"], 2009 http://www.sinodegbi.org/Sejarah-GBI/sejarah-gbi/Lahirnya-GPdI.html (accessed: 21.04.2012).
  • Noor F., Ngruki Revisited: Modernity and Its Discontents at the Pondok Pesantren al-Mukmin of Ngruki, Surakarta, 2007, http://www.rsis.edu.sg/publications/WorkingPapers/WP139.pdf (accessed: 18.04.2012).
  • O come all ye faithful. God is definitely not dead, but He now comes in many more varieties, The Economist, 2007, http://www.economist.com/node/10015239?story_id=10015239&CFID=25385374 (accessed: 20.04.2012).
  • Picard M., Madinier R., The Politics of Religion in Indonesia. Syncretism, Orthodoxy, and Religious Contention in Java and Bali, Routledge, Abingdon/Oxon/New York 2011.
  • Protesters riot in central Java town, Herald Sun, 8 February 2011, http://www.heraldsun.com.au/news/breaking-news/protesters-riot-in-central-java-town/story-e6frf7jx-1226002354962 (accessed: 04.04. 2012).
  • Ropewalking and Safety Nets. Local Ways of Managing Insecurities in Indonesia, J. Koning, F. Hüsken (Eds.), Brill, Leiden 2006.
  • Trümper B.C., G12 International Charismatic Mission: G12, Metropol: Christus Centrum Limburg, 2006, http://www.center-of-christ-ghana.org/pdf/g12-the_vision.pdf (accessed: 17.04.2012).
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.ekon-element-000171219991

Zgłoszenie zostało wysłane

Zgłoszenie zostało wysłane

Musisz być zalogowany aby pisać komentarze.
JavaScript jest wyłączony w Twojej przeglądarce internetowej. Włącz go, a następnie odśwież stronę, aby móc w pełni z niej korzystać.