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2012 | nr 4 | 71--87
Tytuł artykułu

Ethics in Finno-Ugrian Countries : Ethical Idealism and Relativism

Warianty tytułu
Etyka w krajach ugrofińskich: etyczny idealizm i relatywizm
Języki publikacji
• Celem niniejszej pracy jest zbadanie różnic w etyce krajów ugrofińskich. Teza badawcza brzmi: jak etyczny idealizm i relatywizm rożni się w Finlandii, na Węgrzech i w Estonii oraz jaka jest relacja wieku i płci do etycznego idealizmu i relatywizmu. • Metody: Dane z ankiety odnoszącej się do Kwestionariusza Pozycji Etyki opracowanego przez Forsytha (1980) zostały zebrane w czterech krajach: w Finlandii, Estonii, na Węgrzech oraz wśród mniejszości węgierskiej na Słowacji w roku 2011. Kwestionariusz został przetłumaczony z języka angielskiego na fiński, estoński i węgierski, a następnie ponownie przetłumaczony na język angielski. • Wyniki: Kobiety były bardziej idealistyczne niż mężczyźni, a młodzi ludzie byli mniej idealistyczni i bardziej relatywistyczni niż starsi. Respondenci z Węgier byli najbardziej idealistyczni, za nimi byli respondenci z Finlandii i Estonii. Węgrzy mieszkający na Słowacji byli najmniej idealistyczni. Jeśli chodzi o relatywizm, to wyniki były dokładnie odwrotne. • Wnioski: Z przeprowadzonych badań wynika, że kraj zamieszkania ma większy wpływ na etykę niż kraj pochodzenia. (abstrakt oryginalny)
• Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to examine differences in ethics in Finno-Ugrian countries. The research question is, how ethical idealism and relativism differ in Finland, Hungary and Estonia and how age and gender are related to ethical idealism and realism. • Methods: Survey data related to Ethics Position Questionnaire developed by Forsyth (1980) were collected in four countries, Finland, Estonia, Hungary, and among Hungarian minority in Slovakia in 2011. The questionnaire was translated from English to Finnish, Estonian, and Hungarian languages and retranslation was done back to English. • Results: The women were more idealistic than men, younger people were less idealistic and more relativistic than older. Respondents from Hungary were most idealistic, followed by respondents from Finland and Estonia. Hungarians living in Slovakia were least idealistic. Results were exactly opposite for relativism. • Conclusions: The main finding is, that country of living has more impact on ethics than country of origin. (original abstract)
Słowa kluczowe
Opis fizyczny
  • Estonian Business School, Estonia
  • Szent István University, Gödöllő, Hungary
  • Selye University, Slovakia
  • Aalto University, Finland
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