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2012 | nr 10 | 93--108
Tytuł artykułu

Supporting Rural Entrepreneurship: Institutional and Local Strategies for Community and Economic Development

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Wsparcie przedsiębiorczości wiejskiej: instytucjonalne i lokalne strategie dla społecznego i ekonomicznego rozwoju
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
Społeczności wiejskie coraz częściej mają do czynienia ze złożonymi wyzwaniami, o charakterze globalnym w ich zakresie i skutkach - wyzwaniami wymagającymi innowacyjnych rozwiązań. Wiele rządów, w tym Stanów Zjednoczonych, zmaga się z makro rozwiązaniami lokalnych problemów poprzez dyskusje polityczne (lub brak polityki), przedsiębiorczość społeczności lokalnych i oferuje jedno potencjalne rozwiązanie lokalnych problemów i lokalnych potrzeb. W tym krótkim artykule, prezentujemy trzy główne argumenty za przedsiębiorczością społeczną. Po pierwsze, twierdzimy, że przedsiębiorczość jest obiecującą strategią rozwoju obszarów wiejskich, ponieważ wiejskie organizacje przemysłowe stały się bardziej skonsolidowane, oparte na rynku kapitałowym, oraz mobilne - często izolowanie wiejskich obywateli i pracowników od procesu podejmowania decyzji, które mają wpływ na ich źródła utrzymania i społeczności. Po drugie, uważamy, że lokalne innowacje i przedsiębiorczość są realizowane za pośrednictwem lokalnych instytucji społecznych i kulturalnych, zarówno formalnych, jak i nieformalnych, które wpływają na sposób w jaki przedsiębiorcza wiedza jest wykorzystywana w wiejskich społecznościach. Po trzecie, uważamy, że innowacje i rozwój przedsiębiorczości mogą być wspierane przez szersze wysiłki na rzecz rozwoju społeczności i stwarzać korzyści, które wykraczają daleko poza tworzenie miejsc pracy i lokalnego wzrostu przychodów. Wnioskujemy przykładem nowej wspólnoty hybrydowej i strategii rozwoju przedsiębiorczości - Zamierzonej Wspólnoty Innowacji. (abstrakt oryginalny)
EN
Rural communities are increasingly faced with complex challenges that are global in their scope and implications - challenges requiring innovative new solutions. As many governments, including the United States, wrestle with macro solutions to local problems through policy discussions (or policy inaction), community-based entrepreneurship offers one potential solution for solving local problems and meeting local needs. In this brief article, we make three central arguments about community entrepreneurship. First, we argue that entrepreneurship is one promising strategy for rural development, as rural industrial organization has become more consolidated, capital market-driven, and mobile - often isolating rural citizens and workers from decision-making processes that affect their livelihoods and communities. Second, we argue that local innovation and entrepreneurship are mediated by local social and cultural institutions, both formal and informal, that affect how entrepreneurial knowledge is used in rural societies. And third, we argue that innovation and entrepreneurship development can be supported by broader community development efforts and produce benefits that go well beyond job creation and local revenue growth. We conclude with an overview of a promising new hybrid community and entrepreneurship development strategy, the Intentional Innovation Community. (original abstract)
Rocznik
Numer
Strony
93--108
Opis fizyczny
Twórcy
  • The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, USA
  • The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, USA
  • The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, USA
  • The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, USA
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Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.ekon-element-000171232695

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