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Czasopismo
2010 | nr 13 | 85--106
Tytuł artykułu

Ocena ryzyka udziału w wyborach do Sejmu dla partii politycznych

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Evaluation of Risk for Political Parties in a Multi-party Parliamentary Election
Języki publikacji
PL
Abstrakty
Celem badania było wykazanie, że ocena ryzyka zależy nie tylko od takich aspektów sytuacji ryzykownej, jak prawdopodobieństwa i wielkości wypłat pozytywnych i negatywnych, ale także od punktów odniesienia, np. status quo czy cel. Punkty odniesienia decydują o tym, na których aspektach sytuacji skupia się uwaga oceniającego. Temat analizowano w kontekście zapowiadanych wyborów do Sejmu. W Eksperymencie 1, 67 studentów psychologii i młodych informatyków oceniało ryzyko związane z wyborami dla 6 partii politycznych reprezentowanych w Sejmie. Ponieważ partie miały różne status quo i inne cele polityczne, to oczekiwano różnego wpływu aspektów pozytywnych (np. uzyskanie bezwzględnej większości sejmowej) i negatywnych (np. prawdopodobieństwo utraty mandatów) na ocenę ryzyka dla różnych partii. Eksperyment 2 to powtórzenie Eksperymentu 1 w innym czasie z udziałem młodych działaczy partii politycznych (PO i PiS). W eksperymentach nie stwierdzono związku między zwiększeniem lub zmniejszeniem liczby manadatów a oceną ryzyka. Zaobserwowano wyraźny związek między oceną ryzyka a prawdopodobieństwem utraty reprezentacji sejmowej (Eksp. 2). Związek ten nie występował jednak w przypadku ocen ryzyka dla partii, dla których respondenci nisko ocenili prawdopodobieństwo utraty reprezentacji (Eksp. 1). W przypadku tych partii oceny ryzyka były związane z szansami na realizację celów politycznych (np. uzyskanie absolutnej większości czy zwiększenie potencjału koalicyjnego). (abstrakt oryginalny)
EN
The study discussed here is aimed at determining how reference points, such as status quo and targets, affect salience of different aspects of a situation in evaluation of its riskiness. Examples of such aspects are probabilities and amounts of loss and win. The upcoming election to the Polish Parliament was used to investigate this issue. In Experiment 1, 67 participants - students of psychology and young adults graduated in computer sciences - evaluated risk related to the upcoming parliamentary election for six political parties represented in the Parliament. Since these six parties had different status quos and political targets, one might expect that the relative input of negative (e.g. the probability to loose seats) and positive (e.g. the probability to win the absolute majority) aspects of the situation to risk judgment would differ between parties. Experiment 2 was a repetition of Experiment 1 in a different time and with respondents, who were young people politically involved. In both experiments, no relation was found between the expected change in seats' number and riskiness. In Experiment 2, there was a salient relation between perceived risk and the probability to lose a parliamentary representation. However, in Exp. 1 such relation was significant only for the parties, which were endangered by such possibility. For the other parties perceived risk was related to their political targets, i.e. the probability to win the absolute majority or to form a governmental coalition. (original abstract)
Czasopismo
Rocznik
Numer
Strony
85--106
Opis fizyczny
Twórcy
  • Instytut Psychologii PAN
Bibliografia
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Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.ekon-element-000171233565

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