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2012 | nr 3 (25) | 139--159
Tytuł artykułu

Webbased Horizon Scanning: Recent Developments with Application to Health Technology Assessment

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Monitorowanie przestrzeni WWW: ocena nowych kierunków rozwoju technologii medycznych
Języki publikacji
Horizon scanning is an increasingly important part of management decision-making. It involves the systematic search for incipient trends, opportunities and constraints that might affect the probability of achieving management goals and objectives. It requires the continuous acquisition of up-to-date information to anticipate issues and thus inform decisions. As an example of the application of horizon scanning in the public sector, the UK National Horizon Scanning Center provides policy-makers with forewarning about emerging and new health technologies. In this paper, we describe the implementation of a horizon scanning system centered on the use of keyword-based, Web search engines. By leveraging the existing infrastructure of proven search engines, our system aims to automate the human-intensive process of seeking information and emerging trends. A prototype implementation has been developed, and we discuss its potential in the context of a case study on proton beam therapy commissioned by the UK Department of Health.(original abstract)
Monitorowanie przestrzeni WWW staje się znaczącą funkcją w procesie podejmowania decyzji. Polega ono na systematycznym poszukiwaniu powstających trendów, możliwości i ograniczeń, które mogą mieć wpływ na prawdopodobieństwo osiągnięcia celów zarządzania. Wymaga to ciągłego pozyskiwania aktualnych informacji do przewidywania zagadnień mających wpływ na decyzje. Przykładem instytucji monitorowania WWW w sektorze publicznym jest National Horizon Scanning Center w Wielkiej Brytanii. Zapewnia ono decydentom informację o powstających, a zarazem nowych, technologiach w medycynie. W niniejszym artykule opisano realizację systemu monitorowania przestrzeni WWW wykorzystującą słowa kluczowe (pojęcia) internetowych wyszukiwarek. Opisano możliwości systemu na przykładzie studium przypadku dotyczącego terapii promieniowania protonowego, zrealizowanego na zlecenie Brytyjskiego Ministerstwa Zdrowia.(abstrakt oryginalny)
Opis fizyczny
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