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2012 | nr 10 | 1--10
Tytuł artykułu

Modelowanie decyzji o prokreacji i aktywności zawodowej

Warianty tytułu
Maternity and Labour Market Activity Modelling
Języki publikacji
W artykule zaprezentowano model koncepcyjny uwarunkowań decyzji prokreacyjnych i dotyczących podaży pracy kobiet i mężczyzn w związkach, integrujący różne uwarunkowania tego procesu prezentowane w bogatej literaturze przedmiotu. Wskazano na rolę w procesie decyzyjnym zarówno osobistych preferencji kobiet i mężczyzn w zakresie aktywności zawodowej i dzietności, ich predyspozycji do pełnienia określonych ról, dotychczasowych doświadczeń jak i uwarunkowań ekonomicznych, kulturowych oraz strukturalnych, a także biologicznych ograniczeń płodności. Wskazano na zagadnienia wymagające uzupełnień i uwzględnienia w badaniach w przyszłości. (abstrakt oryginalny)
Compared to other EU countries, Poland has one of the lowest employment rates of women with children aged 0-5 years, in particular, mothers with low and medium level of education. As shown by the results of research and experience of other countries, the conditions that favor the growth of professional activity and employment of this group of women, and which in Poland are not met, are the following: 1) popularity of flexible forms, notably "good quality" part-time work and opportunities for flexible working arrangements, 2) access to relatively cheap care services for children, 3) not too long maternity and paternal leave and 4) individual taxation. In the conclusion, the author considers the strengths and weaknesses of selected solutions that can help to overcome barriers to economic activity of young mothers in Poland. (original abstract)
Opis fizyczny
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