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2012 | nr 121 Developing of transportation flows in 21st century supply chains | 99--111
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Contemporary Supply Chain Trends and World's Freight Traffic

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The issues regarding supply chain management and logistics are getting more and more important in context of international trade growing positive trend and totally global world's market. To be engaged in classical and newly developing logistics methods to plan, manage, optimize and control all huge flows across global supply chains is getting to be necessary to be cost effective, competitive and eco-friendly in long - term time period of sustainable growth. There are dynamic industry-wide changes that continue to influence and shape the global freight industry as worldwide international trade is transformed by the global economy. The principal forces that are likely to affect future international merchandise trade and freight movements include the following: - changes in reliance on imported consumer products, - China's expanded role in the world economy and global trade, - fluctuations in fuel prices and transportation costs, - environmental concerns, and - a rise in Internet shopping and on-demand deliveries. These global forces and the pace of reliance on imported consumer products may affect the movement of freight from, to, and within the particular countries. Changes in the global economic situation as well as trade between nations will continue to affect the choices of transportation modes used in transporting traded goods around the world and in the particular countries. Resumption of growth in worldwide merchandise trade is likely to create more demand for intermodal freight services. Continued integration of global economic activities and resumption of growth in ocean-borne and air cargo would increase demand for freight transportation services. Global economic activities will continue to shape where and how goods are produced and distributed. Expanded trade among countries will ultimately affect the movement of freight internationally as well as into and out of the particular countries. Fuel costs, changes in logistics supply chains, out-sourcing, just-in-time inventory management systems, and online shopping could impact the demand for freight transportation. (fragment of text)
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