The Influence of Performance Orientation on Job Satisfaction
Culture is a fascinating aspect of human life which influences the way people think and act, what they value and believe and thus this area attracts scientists of many different fields including psychology, anthropology, sociology and management sciences. Culture is shared between groups of individuals and can be identified in nations, organizations and other societal groups. Numerous attempts have been made to describe and quantify culture, of which Hofstede's (1980; 2001) approach was the most popular also due to the fact that it offered quantified cultural dimensions for a large sample of 50 countries. In a similar but more recent approach the GLOBE study (House et al. 2004) attracted high attention by its sheer numbers alone: over 170 scientists investigated culture in 62 societies. A particularly interesting cultural dimension of the GLOBE study is "Performance Orientation" (PO) which describes the degree to which a society values constant improvement and innovation. This has not been covered that clearly by Hofstede (2001), since performance oriented aspects are only subsumed in his masculinity/ femininity dimension. Thus, the GLOBE PO dimension allows for a new perspective when making cross-cultural research efforts. This paper investigates the extent to which PO influences the determinants of job satisfaction, an aspect of satisfaction research that has hardly been covered so far. In addition, the paper contributes to the ongoing debate on the methodology of the GLOBE project concerning the applicability of the ‚values' and ‚practices' dimension in cross-cultural research. (original abstract)
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