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2009 | 2 | nr 1 | 127--132
Tytuł artykułu

The Problems of Agriculture and Rural Areas in the Process of European Integration

Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
The CAP instruments have played a positive role in creating changes in the agricultural sector and in rural areas, although they have not attained many of the objectives for which they were designed.The agriculture (and mostly the semi-subsistence farms) and rural areas have little chances of development without the financial support of the EU, especially in poorer countries. Therefore, the political rank attributed to the problems of the development of farming and rural areas in the EU policy is important. In the present article, these issues are presented on the basis of the example of the Mazowieckie voivodeship. The first stage of implementation of the EU agriculture and rural development support programmes in Poland has not been fully successful. First of all, the development disproportions in the region have not diminished, which resulted mostly from the amount of funding, not sufficient for the existing needs, and a too short period of implementation. The most visible improvement in the rural areas occurred in technical infrastructure equipment, mostly for transport purposes. A slight improvement in the agrarian structure of farming also took place. Currently, the beneficial solution for all the EU countries is a multifunctional development of agriculture which implies the multifunctionality of rural areas. Only a multifunctional development of agriculture and rural areas can assure sustainable development. (original abstract)
Słowa kluczowe
Opis fizyczny
  • Institute of Agricultural and Food Economics - National Research Institute (IAFE-NRI) in Warsaw, Poland
  • 1. Agency for the Restructuring and Modernisation of Agriculture (ARMA) - two years after the accession. ARMA, Warsaw 2006.
  • 2. Agency for the Restructuring and Modernisation of Agriculture - three years after the accession. ARMA, Warsaw 2007.
  • 3. Chmielewska B.,: Agriculture and rural areas in Mazowieckie voivodeship in terms of the local development strategies and EU support. Chapter in the publication: Sustainable local development, EU support instruments for agriculture and rural areas in 2007-2013. Scientific edition: prof. Paweł Mickiewicz, Ph.D., Wojciech Gotkiewicz, Ph.D., vol. 2, p. 14-23. Published by: the Scientific Association at the Economy and Market Institute, University of Agriculture in Szczecin, Faculty of Economics and Organisation of Food Economy, Szczecin.
  • 4. The Voivodeship Contract for the Mazowieckie Voivodeship for the years 2005-2006. Warsaw 2005.
  • 5. Rural Areas Activation Programme. Published by: Foundation of Assistance Programmes for Agriculture (FAPA). Warsaw 2005.
  • 6. The annual report from the implementation of the SAPARD Programme in Poland (for the period: 1.01.2004-31.12.2004). Article 8, Chapter B of the Multiannual Financial Agreement. The Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, Warsaw, 2005.
  • 7. Integrated Regional Operational Programme 2004-2006. Journal of Laws, No. 166, item 1745. Annex to the ordinance of the Minister of Economy and Labour of 1 July 2004.
  • 8. and the websites of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development and the Ministry of Regional Development
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