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2010 | 3 | nr 1 | 49--58
Tytuł artykułu

Economic Benefits of Market Liberalization : Evidence from Air Transport in Poland

Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
This paper focuses on economic effects that are a consequence of air transport liberalization in Poland after accession to European Union. Scenario analysis was built to estimate the impact of changes on the international aviation market, including passenger traffic, airport revenues and employment. The analysis is estimated on and applied to Polish market in the time period before and after market deregulation in 2004. Enabling airlines to open new routes and to offer services at lower prices results in vigorous development of number of flights. The passenger traffic at Polish airports in 2009 was of 18,9 million which means more than a double increase when compared to 2003 (7,1 million). Increased number of flights affects local economy. Removing restriction on access to air transport market has created additional PLN 0,96 billion (or EUR 0,24 billion) of main airports sales revenue in Poland over 2004-2008 time period. The passenger traffic has created more than 19 thousand jobs located on-site and off-site at main Poland's airports in 2008. One can assume that if not for the market policy change and the air traffic vigorous development, the total direct employment number in 2008 would be twice as small. (original abstract)
Rocznik
Tom
3
Numer
Strony
49--58
Opis fizyczny
Twórcy
  • Poznań University of Economics, Poland
Bibliografia
  • 1. ACI Europe, 2004, The social and economics impact of airports in Europe, Airport Council International, Brussels
  • 2. Armstrong K.A., Bulmer S., 1998, The Governance of the Single European Market, Manchester University Press, Manchester and New York
  • 3. Button K. J., Sough R., 2000, Air transport networks: theory and policy implication, Edward Elgar Publishing
  • 4. Button K., Taylor S., 2000, International air transportation and economic development, Journal of Air Transport Management, vol 6, pp 209-222
  • 5. European Union, 2003, The effect of air transport liberalization on fares, Brussels
  • 6. Gillen D. Hinsch H., 2001, Measuring the economic impact of liberalization of international aviation on Hamburg airport, Journal of Air Transport Management, vol 7, pp 25-34
  • 7. InterVISTAS-ga2 Consulting, 2006, The economic impact of air services liberalization, Washington
  • 8. Morrison S., Winston C., 1986, The Economic Effects of Airline Deregulation, The Brookings Institution, Washington
  • 9. Staniland M., 2003, Government Birds, Air Transport and the State in Western Europe, Rowman and Littlefield Publishers, Inc
  • 10. The Airline Deregulation Act, 1978, Pub.L. 95-504
  • 11. The Centre of European Information, 2002, Transport policy, Poland and European Union negotiation
  • 12. The economic regulation of airports: recent developments in Australasia, North America and Europe, 2006, ed by Forsyth Peter; German Aviation Research Society, Ashgate
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.ekon-element-000171254467

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