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2013 | nr 104 Europejska przestrzeń komunikacji elektronicznej. T. 1 | 537--553
Tytuł artykułu

Frequency Usage and Digital Dividend in India

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Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
Spectrum is a precious, non-perishable, natural resource available equally, in all countries. The optimum utilization of the spectrum by appropriate allocation is the foremost task of international and national governing bodies. This paper presents the spectrum utilization results of mobile telecom services particularly, GSM from the spectrum occupancy measurement campaign conducted in Pune, India. We observed the highest occupancy rate in the 2G cellular telecom services band. This shows the demand for mobile telecom services is high in India, and so for the spectrum. The International Telecommunication Union (ITU) has shown a huge demand for the spectrum in its future projection. There is an urgent need of spectrum allocation for the cellular telecom services in India. The results of our measurement campaign endorses the decision of India to identify the 698-806 MHz band (700 MHz band) for the International Mobile Telecommunications (IMT) services which is also in the line of ITU initiative of global harmonization in IMT band. Further, we discuss about the switchover plan from analogue to digital Television (TV) in India, and resulting digital dividend spectrum (700MHz band) from spectrum refarming, which could be the solution for the spectrum requirement for mobile telecom services in India. The views of the different stakeholders about 700 MHz band plan is presented. Finally, the two harmonized frequency arrangement for IMT systems agreed by the Asia Pacific Telecommunity (APT) for 700MHz band is discussed. (original abstract)
Słowa kluczowe
Twórcy
autor
  • Aalborg University Copenhagen, Denmark
  • Aalborg University Copenhagen, Denmark
  • Aalborg University Copenhagen, Denmark
Bibliografia
  • APT Report. (2011). Implementation Issues Associated with Use of the Band 698- 806 MHz by Mobile Services. No.APT/AWG/REP-24. Retrieved from http://www.apt.int/sites/default/files/Upload-files/AWG/APT-AWG-REP- 24_APT_Report_698-806_Band_Implementation_UHF.pdf.
  • AUSPI. (2009). AUSPI's proposed band plan for 698-806 MHz. Retrieved from http://www.wpc.dot.gov.in/jtgindia.asp.
  • CEPT. (2008). Technical considerations regarding harmonization options for the Digital Dividend and Technical Feasibility of Harmonizing a Sub-band of Bands IV and V for Fixed/Mobile Applications (including uplinks), minimizing the Impact on GE06. Retrieved from http://www.erodocdb.dk/Docs/doc98/ official/pdf/ CEPTREP022.PDF
  • COAI. (2009). COAI proposal for the 700MHz band. Retrieved from http://www.wpc.dot.gov.in/jtgindia.asp.
  • DigiTAG-Digital terrestrial Television Action Group (2008). Analogue Switch off Handbook learning from the experiences in Europe. Retrieved from http://www.digitag.org/ASO/ASOHandbook.pdf.
  • Doordarshan. (2009). Doordarshan's Proposal for JTG-India on 698-806 MHz Band. Retrieved from http://www.wpc.dot.gov.in/jtgindia.asp.
  • EBU. (2008). How should digital dividend be used? EBU view. Available at http://www.ebu.ch.
  • Electronic Communications Committee (ECC) of CEPT (2002). Refarming and secondary trading in a changing radiocommunications world. (2002/ECC, 16). Retrieved from www.ictregulationtoolkit.org/en/Document.2724.pdf.
  • Electronic Communications Commission. (2007). Reaping the full benefits of the digital dividend in Europe: a common approach to the use of the spectrum released by the digital switchover.COM (2007)700 final. Retrieved from http://eurlex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=CELEX:52007DC0700:EN:NOT.
  • Ericsson. (2009). Ericsson Proposal on allocation of spectrum in UHF band in India. Retrieved from http://www.wpc.dot.gov.in/jtgindia.asp.
  • GSMA. (2009). Proposal from GSMA to JTG-India. Retrieved from http://www.wpc.dot.gov.in/jtgindia.asp.
  • Henten, A., Tadayoni, R., & Windekilde I. (2010). Spectrum war - The battle for the digital dividend spectrum. Paper presented at 18 Biennial ITS conference. Retrieved from http://vbn.aau.dk/files/44597246/ITS_Tokyo_digital_div_2.pdf.
  • ITU. (2003). Recommendation ITU-R M.1645.
  • ITU Report. (2006). Estimated Spectrum Bandwidth Requirements for the Future Development of IMT 2000 and IMT-Advanced. ITU-R M.2078 Report. Retrieved from http://www.itu.int/publ/R-REP M.2078-2006/en.
  • ITU. (2007). WRC 07 Decisions secure wireless future. Journal of ITU News. No. 10, pp. 28-34.
  • Khan, A. (2009). Digital Dividend to Digital Opportunity. Retrieved from http://cmai.asia/sppt/Presentation%20to%20CMAI_COAI%20event- Ericsson%20[Compatibility%20Mode]).pdf.
  • Lewin, D., Jervis, V., Davis, C., Pearson, K. (2008).An assessment of spectrum management policy in India.
  • Retrieved from http://www.aegissystems.co.uk/download/2021/ spectrum%20 management%20(india).pdf.
  • Mishra, A., Varshney, G., & Karandikar, A. (2012). Analysis of the 3G and BWA Auctions in India. ITS India 2012. Retrieved from <http://www.ee.iitb.ac.in/~ karandi/pubs_dir/conferences/akshay_varshney_karand _ITS12.pdf
  • Mitola III, J. (2000) Cognitive Radio: an integrated agent architecture for software defined radio Ph.D. dissertation, KTH Royal Institute of Technology.
  • NFAP-2011. National Frequency Allocation Plan of India - 2011. (2011). Retrieved from http://www.wpc.dot.gov.in.
  • Nokia Siemens.(2009). Proposed Frequency Arrangement for UHF Band 698 - 806 MHz, Nokia Siemens Networks / Nokia - India. Retrieved from http://www.wpc. dot.gov.in/jtgindia.asp.
  • Patil, K., Prasad, R., Skouby, K. (2011). A Survey of Worldwide Spectrum Occupancy Measurement Campaigns for Cognitive Radio. Paper presented at International IEEE conference on Devices and Communication (ICDeCom).
  • Patil, K., Skouby, K., & Prasad, R. (2012). Stochastic Duty Cycle Model Based on Measurement for Cognitive Radio. Paper presented at 15th International Symposium on Wireless Personal Multimedia Communications (WPMC'12).(in press).
  • Rao, S. (2005). Bridging digital divide: Efforts in India Telematics and Informatics. Telematics and Informatics. Vol. 22, issue 4, pp 361-375.
  • http://www.gsmworld.com/our-work/public-policy/spectrum/digitaldividend/ digital_dividend.htm.
  • TRAI. (2007). Consultation paper on Issues Relating to Mobile Television Service, Paper No. 9/2007.
  • TRAI. (2011). Telecom Subscription Data. Retrieved from http://www.trai.gov.in.
  • TEMA. (2009). TEMA proposal for 700 MHZ band plan. Retrieved from http://www.wpc.dot.gov.in/jtgindia.asp.
  • Tournassoud, P. (2008). Trends in Accessibility of Services and Networks. Retrieved from http://www.alcatel-lucent.com/enrich/v2i12008/article_c1a5.html.
  • WF. (2009). Proposal from WiMAX Forum. Retrieved from http://www.wpc.dot.gov.in/jtgindia.asp.
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
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