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2012 | nr 2 (20) | 87--99
Tytuł artykułu

Instytucje i środowisko

Warianty tytułu
Institutions and the Environment
Języki publikacji
W swoim artykule Elinor Ostrom przedstawia krytyczną analizę wyników wielu badań empirycznych, współczesnej teorii gier i własnych eksperymentów z dziedziny projektowania instytucji w odniesieniu do nadmiernej eksploatacji zasobów wspólnych. Autorka wskazuje na fakt, iż mając możliwość porozumiewania się, eksperymentowania i modyfikacji reguł instytucjonalnych, ludzie wypracowują różnorodne - niekoniecznie rynkowe - rozwiązania prowadzące do zrównoważonego zarządzania dobrami wspólnymi, do których rzekomo ma zastosowanie pojęcie "tragedii wspólnego pastwiska". (abstrakt oryginalny)
In her article, Elinor Ostrom offers a critical account of a number of empirical studies, game-theoretic analyses and her own experiments in institutional design as applicable to the issue of overexploitation of common-pool resources. She argues that, given people's ability to communicate, experiment and modify institutional rules, they can develop various - not necessarily market-based - solutions with a view to achieving sustainable management of such resources to which the concept of the tragedy of the commons supposedly applies.(original abstract)
Opis fizyczny
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