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2013 | nr 1 (23) | 90--113
Tytuł artykułu

Sprawne państwo - różnorodność znaczeń w różnych krajach

Autorzy
Warianty tytułu
Good Government Means Different Things in Different Countries
Języki publikacji
PL
Abstrakty
We wszelkich opracowaniach z zakresu dobrego rządzenia zakłada się, że istnieje jeden jedynie słuszny model sprawnego państwa. Wpływa on izomorficznie na rozwój państw, których rządy są skłaniane do przyjęcia tego jedynego podejścia na rzecz osiągnięcia celu. W poniższym artykule kwestionuję tezę, że taki jedynie słuszny model w ogóle istnieje, uznając, że nawet nie przybliża nas on do tego, czym jest tzw. sprawne państwo. Państwa to bardzo zróżnicowane organizmy i struktury, nawet jeśli zwykliśmy określać je mianem modelowych. Mój wniosek oparty jest na badaniach praktyk zarządzania finansami publicznymi zarówno w krajach OECD, jak i państwach spoza tej organizacji. Badania ukazują, że sprawne państwo wcale nie musi charakteryzować się lepszymi praktykami zarządzania wynikającymi z wdrożenia "jedynie słusznego" modelu. Dobre zarządzanie finansami publicznymi w każdym kraju oznacza co innego. Konkluzją artykułu jest stwierdzenie, że model dobrego rządzenia umożliwia wyłącznie dostęp do swoistego "menu", a rozwój społeczeństwa należy badać, zadając sobie pytanie, dlaczego różne państwa wybierają z owego "menu" różne pozycje. (abstrakt oryginalny)
EN
Work on good governance implies a one-best-way model of effective government. This has isomorphic influences on development, whereby governments are influenced to adopt a one-size-fits-all approach to get things done. This article challenges whether such an approach exists, proposing that models actually do not hold even for the so-called effective governments. Governments look different, even if they are similarly called models of good government. This proposition is examined through a study of public financial management practices in a set of Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) and non-OECD countries. The study shows that effective governments are not more likely to exhibit better practice characteristics implied in one-best-way models. Good public financial management means different things in different countries. The article concludes by suggesting that good governance models give way to menus and the development community invest more time in examining why different countries select different menu items. (original abstract)
Rocznik
Numer
Strony
90--113
Opis fizyczny
Twórcy
autor
  • Harvard University, USA
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Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.ekon-element-000171265013

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