Prevention and identification of organizational corruption
Given the limitation of economic-based perspective and organizational behavior perspective on explaining and remedying corruption, we attempt to develop a prevention and identification approach for organizational corruption from an institutional-stakeholder perspective. Corporations are more likely to act ethically if they have strong state regulation, collective industrial self-regulation, NGO's and other independent organization that monitor them, and a normative institutional environment. Some implications remain. First, corruption is a dynamic process, it is difficult to stop the corrupt activities that have become embedded within daily routines, thus most scholars suggest that corruption "is best handed through prevention (Ashforth & Anand, 2003:39). Secondly, newcomers in unethical organizations are subjected to specific socialization processes that lead them to accept the prevalent activities as normal. Moreover, Fligstein (1990) found that corporate executives' approaches to managing their firms depend in part in the sorts of training they received in business schools. Therefore, for both corporate executive's and newcomers, it is important that business schools should incorporate courses on business ethics into their curriculum (Vogel, 1992). (fragment of text)
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