On Chosen Linguistic and Social Aspects of Wiener's Cybernetics
When N. Wiener first wrote Cybernetics in 1948 the notions of statistical information and control theory were novel and perhaps even shocking to the established attitudes at the time. The simple linear feedbacks, the study of which was so important in awakening scientists to the role of cybernetic study, appeared to be far less simple and far less linear than they had appeared at first view. Long before the publication of Cybernetics, it came to be realized that the study of non-linear circuits (such as are found in many amplifiers, in voltage limiters, in rectifiers, and the like) did not fit easily into this frame. The dominance of statistical mechanics in modem physics has a very vital significance for the interpretation of the nature of time. In the case of communication engineering, however, the significance of the statistical element is immediately apparent. Wiener realized that the transmission of information is impossible save as a transmission of alternatives. (fragment tekstu)
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