Chinese-EU Bilateral Trade (2007-2011) : "Competition & the Exchange of Technology"
Eurostat sources document that Chinese bilateral trade with the European Union (EU) has quadrupled since the year 2000. While China has become the centre of attention for its trade expansion in numerous consumer and manufactured goods. A further feature concerns its trade in products more purposely suited to industrial production, transport and which contain medium and higher shares of technology. This work finds that the export of these commodities to the EU has increased rapidly as a share of total exports between 2007 and 2011, while the EU share has in fact declined. The structure and type products exchanged from this sector is categorized by the United Nations under the heading of "Machinery & Transport Equipment" and play a large role in determining the extent and nature of a country's integration into global supply and production networks. This paper questions the latter in respect of Chinese bilateral trade co-operation with the European Union. (original abstract)
- Aturupane, C., Djankow, S., & Hoekman, B. (1999), Horizontal and Vertical Intra-Industry Trade between Eastern Europe and the European Union, Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv, Review of World Economics, Band 135, Heft 1, pp. 62-64.
- Balassa, B. (1986), Intra-Industry Trade Among Exporters of Manufactured Goods, [in:] Imperfect Competition and International Trade, Ed. Greenaway, D., harakan, P., pp. 108-112.
- Brenton, P., Di Mauro, F. (1998), Trade between the CEECs and the EU, he World Economy, Vol. 21, Blackwell Publishers; Oxford.
- Clowes, D., Choros-Mrozowska, D. (2010), The Impact of Investment on Economic Growth in Poland, Pre-Recession Observations (2000-2006), Transformations in Business & Economics, Vol. 9, No 2(20), Supplement B, pp. 271-284.
- Dean, J, et al. (2008), Measuring the Vertical Specialisation of Chinese Trade, der Open-Access-Publikationsserver der ZBW - Leibniz - Informationszentrum Wirtschaft, Working Papers, Santa Cruz Center for International Economics, No. 08-06.
- Dunning, J. (1993), Multinational Enterprises and the Global Economy, Addison-Wesley, Wokingham.
- Grubel, H., Lloyd, P. (1975), Intra-Industry Trade, the Theory of Measurement of International Trade in Differentiated Products, Macmillan Press; London.
- Hoekman, B., Djankov, S. (1997), Determinants of the export structure in Central & Eastern Europe, he World Bank Economic Review, Vol. 11, No 3, September.
- Liu, K., Daly, K. (2011), Foreign Direct Investment in China Manufacturing Industry - Transformation from a Low Tech to High Tech Manufacturing, International Journal of Business and Management, Vol. 6, No. 7; July, Canadian Center of Science and Education.
- Mikic, M. (1998), International Trade, St. Martin's Press Inc.
- Weishi, G., U., et al. (2008), he Contribution of Foreign Direct Investment to China' Export Performance: Evidence from Disaggregated Sectors. Selected Paper prepared for presentation at the American Agricultural Economics Association Annual Meeting, Orlando, FL, July.
- Zhao, T. (2004), Comparison between Industrial Classification in Chinese National-Accounts and International standard Industrial Classification for All Economic Activities, 8th OECD-NBS Workshop on National Accounts.
- Zhao, Z., Zhang, K. (2010), FDI and Industrial Productivity in China: Evidence from Panel Data in 2001-2006, Review of Development Economics, Vol. 14, No. 3, pp. 656-665.
- Eurostat: http://ec.europa.eu/trade/policy/countries-and-regions/statistics/index_en.htm OECD:
- http://www.oecd-ilibrary.org/economics/oecd-factbook-2013_factbook-2013-en he Economist: