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2011 | 1 | nr 1 | 19--25
Tytuł artykułu

Tourism in the Antarctic Region The Dilemma of Development and Environment Protection

Autorzy
Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
More and more often the Antarctic constitutes the goal of exotic travel. The tourists are attracted here by the entirely different natural conditions, by incredible landscapes and natural phenomena. Yet the reception potential relating to the tourist movement in Antarctic is limited. In an attempt to preserve the local ecosystem, the Antarctic Treaty System which assumes that the region will focus on the needs of science and tourism, was introduced. The Inernational Association of Antarctic Tour Operators (IAATO), which drafted the principles of the organization of tourism in this region, is responsible for the coordination of the tourist economy here. Towards the end of the first decade of the XXI c., the number of tourists in the Antarctic region has exceeded 40 thousand, which seems a maximum figure (the boom phase in the Butler cycle) whereas a further growth of tourism exploration should be restricted, as regards sheer numbers and induced to introduce less harmful tourist behaviour from the point of view of environment protection.(original abstract)
Rocznik
Tom
1
Numer
Strony
19--25
Opis fizyczny
Twórcy
  • University School of Physical Education in Cracow, Poland
Bibliografia
  • Butler, R.W. (1980). The Concept of a Tourist Area and Cycle of Evolution: Implications for Management of Resources. Canadian Geographer, 24 (1), 5-12.
  • Butler, R.W. (1991). Tourism, environment, and sustainable development. Environmental Conservation, 18 (3), 201-209.
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  • Donachie, S. P. (1994). Henryk Arctowski Station: Mixing science and tourism. Annals of Tourism Research, 21 (2), 333-343
  • Dowling, R. K. (2003). Tourism in the Antarctic: opportunities, constraints, and future prospects. The Haworth Hospitality Press, New York. Tourism Management, 24, 345-346.
  • Gyimȯthy, S., Mykletun, R. J. (2004). Play in adventure tourism. The case of Arctic trekking. Annals of Tourism Research, 31 (4), 855-878.
  • House, J. (2000). From explorers to mass tourists. Annals of Tourism Research, 27 (2), 531-533.
  • Mcgonigal, D., Woodworth, L. (2005). Antarktyda, biały kontynent. Ostatnie dzikie miejsce na Ziemi. Muza S.A.
  • Rakusa-Suszczewski, S. (1989). W Antarktyce. Krajowa Agencja Wydawnicza, Warszawa.
  • Rakusa-Suszczewski, S., Kwarecki, K. (1987). Antarktyka - przyroda i człowiek. Ossolineum Wrocław-Warszawa-Kraków.
  • Spennemann, D. (2007). Extreme cultural tourism, from Antarctica to the Moon. Annals of Tourism Research, 34 (4), 898-918.
  • Szeligowicz, W. (2006). Ekosystem Antarktydy - cel egzotycznych wypraw turystycznych. Turystyka i Rekreacja, 2, 5-11.
  • Telfer, D. J. (1997). People and tourism in fragile environments. Tourism Managament, 18 (6), 405-407.
  • Weizenegger, S. (2006). The TALC Model and Protected Natural Areas: African Examples. In: R. W. Butler (ed.), The tourism area life cycle, Conceptual and theoretical issues, Chanel View Publications, Clevedon, Buffalo, Toronto, 2, 124-137.
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.ekon-element-000171304865

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