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2014 | 14 | nr 3 | 23--38
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Challenging the future: the democratic deficit of the EU from a federalist perspective

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Over the decades the European Union (EU) has evolved into a "quasi-state" of roughly 500 million citizens with 28 members. This process has also brought about the so-called 'democratic deficit' arguments arising from the (un)democratic characteristics of the EU institutions (institutional dimension) and lack of a European demos (socio-psychological dimension). Political systems need peoples' recognition, acceptance and understanding of the system and the rulers in order to preserve their existence. Hence, as a political system, as long as the EU does not make necessary reforms in terms of democracy, democratic deficit will be a challenge to the future of the EU. In this context the paper will aim to present answers to both institutional and socio-psychological dimensions of democratic deficit from a federalist perspective. (original abstract)
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