Transitional Justice in the Context of Ethiopia
Leadership and governance are very important aspects of living in any civilized society. It is however, imperative to note that leadership unfolds over time in different models, ideologies and approaches, by the different leaders. This gives connotation to the concept of transitional justice to ensure a smooth and meaningful change of power or leadership from one model or person to another to avoid despotism and anarchy. This paper debates the ideology of transitional justice and its focus on the subject of how societies should transit from authoritarian rule to democracy in order to address a persistent history of massive human rights abuses. This piece of work brings light on how societies across the world ought to deal with their evil pasts. The paper fronts Ethiopia as a case study to have an in-depth perspective of the trends and dynamics involved in transitional justice. The discussion is specifically limited on Ethiopia, focusing mainly on the transition which took place in 1991. The paper circumspectly handles key democratic issues in governance and in that respect shades light on what the concept of transitional justice is and its implications in governance and social relations of any country. It gives insights into how Ethiopia dealt with its past after the transition, discusses the lessons learnt, and the common alternatives always available to both government leaders and the populace in dealing with their past. (original abstract)
-  Blatz V. Charles, "Reason, peace, Transitional Justice, and Punishment". International Journal of peace studies 11(1) (2006) 59-89.
-  Elister Jon, Closing the books: Transitional Justice in Historical Perspectives, Cambridge University Press, 2004.
-  Ethiopian Penal Code, 1957. Available at: http://www.unhcr.org/refworld/pdfid/4921 6a0a2.pdf [Accessed on 11 Nov. 2011].
-  Fombad, Charles Manga, Transitional Justice in Africa. The Experience with Truth Commissions, 2008. http://www.nyulawglobal.org/globalex/ Africa Truth Commissions. htm [Accessed on 11 Nov. 2011].
-  Girmachew, Alemu Aneme, "Apology and trials: The case of the red terror trials in Ethiopia". African Human Rights Law Journal 6(1) (2006).
-  Hamdesa Tuso, "Indigenous Processes of Conflict Resolution in Oromo Society" in I. William Zartman. ed., Traditional Cures for "Modern Medicine" Lynne Rienner Publishers, 2000.
-  Lederach, John Paul, The little book of Conflict transformation, Good Books intercourse, PA, USA, 2003.
-  Lederach, John Paul, Building peace; Sustainable reconciliation in divided societies, United States Institutes Of peace Studies, Washington D.C, 1997.
-  Lutz, Ellen, "Transitional justice: Lessons learned and road ahead", in Arriaza and Mariezcurrena (eds.), Transitional justice in the twenty-first century: beyond truth versus Justice, Cambridge University press, 2006.
-  Matua, Makau, "A critique of rights in transitional Justice: An African experience" in Aguilar and Gomez Isa (Eds.). Rethinking transitions: equality and social justice in societies emerging from conflict, Series on Transitional Justice No. 6, Cambridge UK, 2011.
-  Patel, Ana Cutter, "Transitional Justice and DDR" in Muggah, Rubert (ed.): Security and Post-conflict Reconstruction: Dealing with the fighters in the Aftermath of War, New York, USA, 2009? Taylor & Francis e-Library (2008) Routledge (2009).
-  Proclamation No. 22, Special public prosecutor's office establishing proclamation; 1992. http://www.usip.org/files/resources/Ethiopia-Charter.pdf [Accessed on 11 Nov. 2011].
-  Sachs Wolfgang, "One world" in Wolfgang Sachs (eds.) The development dictionary: A guide to Knowledge as power (pp. 111-125), Zed Books 2010.
-  Sarkin Jeremy, "Transitional justice and the Prosecution model: The experience of Ethiopia". Journal of Law, Democracy and Development 3(20) (2011) 252-266, University of the Western Cape', 1999. Available at: http://www.ldd.org.za/images/stories/Ready_for_publication/V32_Transitional_justice_prosecution_model.pdf [accessed on 14 Nov, 2011].
-  Teitel, Ruti G., Transitional Justice, Oxford University press, New York, 2000.
-  The Reporter, Derg officials released from Jail, 2011. http://www.thereporterethiopia.com/News/derg-officials-released-from-jail.html [Accessed on 11 Nov. 2011].
-  United Nations, Report of the Secretary-General on the Rule of Law and Transitional Justice in Conflict and Post-Conflict Societies, UN doc. (S/616), 2004. http://daccess-dds-ny.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/N04/395/29/PDF/N0439529.pdf? Open Element [Accessed on 11 Nov. 2011]