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2013 | nr 4 (47) |
Tytuł artykułu

Ways of Improving Efficiency of Wastewater Treatment for Agriculture

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Sposoby usprawnienia wydajności oczyszczania ścieków w rolnictwie
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
Obrotowe i zamknięte obiegi wodne to najbardziej obiecujące sposoby na ograniczenie zużycia słodkiej wody. Prawdopodobnie w przyszłości oczyszczone ścieki staną się głównym źródłem wody w rolnictwie. Słodka woda będzie dostępna dla zapotrzebowania domowego.(abstrakt oryginalny)
EN
Modern human civilization is characterized by one of the actual problem, the protection of natural environment from pollution and depletion of water resources. The Republic of Kazakhstan pays special attention to the problems of natural environment, the law "On the protection of the environment in the Republic of Kazakhstan" and other developments in the water balance of the system and the use of waste water. In our republic, wastewater irrigation has intensi􀏐ied since 1966, when research on this problem started. Already in 1968, the area of irrigated wastewater to Almaty was 1916 hectares, and in 1985 in Kazakhstan, the area irrigated by sewage was 2296 hectares. In Kazakhstan tense environmental conditions associated with the inef􀏐icient operation of the treatment plants remains. Currently, it is especially important, because the negative impact on the environment reaches catastrophic proportions. Prolonged operation without reconstruction of treatment facilities often do not have a full range of facilities for the type of structures to exacerbate environmental protection from pollution, have not undergone adequate wastewater treatment. Many wastewater treatment plants are obsolete, in need of major repairs and upgrades, others processes are often overloaded, wastewater treatment does not correspond to the design data(fragment of text)
Rocznik
Numer
Opis fizyczny
Twórcy
  • The Kazakh National Technical University after K.I. Satpayev, Kazakhstan
  • The Kazakh National Technical University after K.I. Satpayev, Kazakhstan
Bibliografia
  • MI Ilyinsky, Experience in the use and disposal of wastewater in agriculture hozyaystve. Tashkent. UzNIINTI, 1984, p. 4
  • R.K. Kasymov, E.T. Ibrayev, The use of treated wastewater for irrigation, g.Tselinograda, Wastewater and their use in agriculture: N.tr.MKSi- ISV, Sb.2.-issue 2.-Almaty, 1991. p.134-135;
  • S. Stroganov, Contamination and self-cleaning vodoemov, M, 1939
  • R.R. Williams Irrigation fields, Works.-M, 1941-TP, p. 452
  • O.Z. Zubairov, Land improvement and water conservation on agricultural use of biologically treated sewage and livestock wastewater in irrigated areas south and south-east of Kazakhstan, Abstract Doc. Disser.-Volgograd, 1992, p. 2-47
  • A.A. Shomantaev, Hydrochemical regime and the agricultural use of return water in the lower reaches of the Syrdarya river, Thesis. Almaty, 2002, p. 16
  • A.A. Korotunov, A.Zh. Yusupov, A.V. Demchenko, Recommendations. At the WWTP (municipal sewage treatment facilities), by diverting channels and sewage ponds. Almaty, 2000-2010
  • M. Myrzahmetov, E.B. Zhumartov, Improvement and development of water and wastewater in the Kazakhstan market economy, "Water Resources of Central Asia" Almaty 2002.
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.ekon-element-000171308205

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