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2013 | 3 | nr 1 | 119--125
Tytuł artykułu

Effectiveness of Eu Law and Policy on Vertical Restraints at Protecting Competition

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In reviewing European competition law one might raise doubts about EU competition policy to the extent that it is questionable who the law is protecting in practice; consumers and weaker competitors or the status quo of the 'big fishes' and their well-performing distribution, legally justified under current law and the ECJ´s approach to American interpretation of competition protection. In the following paper these doubts are discussed in the context of the relevant ECJ cases and opinions in the literature. There is an attempt to answer the question of whether and in which circumstances EU law can be effective in protecting competition. (original abstract)
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Opis fizyczny
  • Brandenburg University of Technology, Cottbus-Senftenberg, Germany
  • Alison Jones and Brenda Sufrin, EU Competition Law (Text, Cases, and Materials, 4thedn, OUP 2011) 656.
  • Alison Jones, Left behind by modernisation? Restrictions by object under Article 101 (1) [2010] ECJ 649 (656).
  • Andreas P. Reindl, Resale Price Maintenance and Article 101: Developing a more sensible analytical approach [2010] Fordham Int´l L. J. 1300 (1321).
  • Case C- 519/04 P, David Meca-Medina and Igor Majcen v Commission [2006] ECR I-6991, para 45.
  • Case C-209/07, Competition Authority v Beef Industry Development Society Ltd and Barry Brothers (Carrigmore) Meats Ltd. [2008] ECR I-8637, para 16.
  • Case C-258/78, L.C. Nungesser KG and Kurt Eisele v Commission [1982] ECR I-2015, para 68.
  • Case C-26/76, Metro-SB-Grossmärkte GmbH v Commission [1977] ECR I-1875, para 21.
  • Case C-27/87, SPRL Louis Erauw-Jacquery v La Hesbignonne[1983] ECR 1919, paras 10-11.
  • Case C-309/99, Wouters v AlgemeneRaad van de Nederlandse Orde van Advocaten[2002] ECR I-1577, para 110.
  • Case C-439/09, Pierre Fabre Dermo-Cosmétique SAS v Président de l'Autorité de la Concurrence and Others [2011] ECR I-9419, para 39.
  • Case C-56/65, Société Technique Minière v Maschinenbau Ulm GmbH [1966] ECR I-235 (249-250).
  • Case T-450/05, Peugeot v Commission [2009] ECR II-2533.
  • Commission, Commission Regulation (EC) No. 2790/1999 of 22 December 1999 on the application of Article 81(3) of the Treaty to categories of vertical agreements and concerted practices [1999] OJ L336/21.
  • Commission, Commission Regulation (EU) No. 330/2010 of 20 April 2010 on the application of Article 101 (3) of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union to categories of vertical agreements and concerted practices [2010] OJ L102/1.
  • Commission, Guidelines on the application of Article 81(3) of the Treaty [2004] OJC101/97.
  • Commission, Guidelines on Vertical Restraints [2010] OJ C130/1.
  • Craig Callery, Should the European Union embrace or exorcise Leegin's "rule of reason"?[2011] ECLR 42 (45).
  • David Bailey, Restrictions of Competition by Object under Article 101 TFEU [2012]CML Rev 559 (580).
  • Frank Wijckmans and Filip Tuytschaever, Vertical Agreements in EU Competition Law (2nd edn, OUP 2011) 87.
  • George P, Kyprianides, Should resale price maintenance be per se illegal? [2012] ECLR 376 (383).
  • Gianni De Stefano, The new EU "Vertical Restraints Regulation": navigating the vast sea beyond safe harbours and hardcore restrictions [2010] ECLR 487 (489).
  • Giorgio Monti, Article 81 EC and Public Policy [2002] CML Rev 1057 (1065).
  • Joined Cases C-501, 513, 515 & 519/06, Glaxo Smith Kline Services Unlimited v Commission [2009] ECR I-9291, para 58.
  • Joined Cases C-56 and 58/64, Etablissements Consten SA &Grundig-Verkaufs-GmbH v Commission [1966] ECR 299 (343).
  • Luc Peeperkorn, IP Licenses and Competition Rules: Striking the Right Balance [2003] World Competition 527 (527-8).
  • MB Cox, Apple's exclusive distribution agreements: a refusal to supply? [2012] ECLR 11 (13-14).
  • Philip Marsden and Peter Whelan, Selective distribution in the age of online retail [2010] ECLR 26 (27).
  • Richard Wish and David Bailey, Competition Law (7th edn, OUP 2012) 637.
  • Richard Wish and David Bailey, Regulation 330/2010: The Commission´s New Block Exemption for Vertical Agreements [2010] CML Rev 1751 (1760).
  • Sandra Marco Colino, Vertical Agreements and Competition Law: A Comparative Study of the EU and US Regimes (1st edn, Hart Publishing 2010) 145.
  • Saskia King, The Object Box: Law, Policy or Myth [2011] ECJ 269 (281).
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