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2008 | 77 | 29--47
Tytuł artykułu

Prawno-etyczne aspekty wykonywania zawodu mediatora z uwzględnieniem standardów europejskich

Warianty tytułu
Ethical Standards for Mediators in the Context of Polish and European Regulations
Języki publikacji
PL
Abstrakty
Ustawą z dnia 28 lipca 2005 r. o zmianie ustawy - kodeks postępowania cywilnego oraz niektórych innych ustaw (Dz.U. Nr 171, poz. 1438) polski prawodawca stworzył ramy prawne dla instytucji mediacji w sprawach cywilnych i gospodarczych obok istniejącej już mediacji w sprawach karnych i w postępowaniu dla nieletnich. Artykuł stanowi przegląd zasady etyki mediatora w podziale na ogólne zasady etyki, jako mogące mieć znaczenie dla sytuacji stron, w związku z czym ich naruszenie może być rozważane pod względem odpowiedzialności prawnej mediatora oraz na zasady "samorządowe", których naruszenie może rodzić co najwyżej odpowiedzialność dyscyplinarną.(fragment tekstu)
EN
The issue of ethical standards for mediators is not expressly regulated by Polish law. Despite the fact that we have some legal rules for mediation in criminal and civil cases, there is not a complete regulation of ethical aspect of this profession. Furthermore, there is not an authority, which has power to set binding rules of ethical nature for mediators. However, above matter hasn't remained without any interest. First of all the Minister of Justice passed a regulation concerns establishing Public Council for Alternative Methods of Dispute Resolution. This Council sets on 26 June 2006 ethical standards for mediators, but they are not binding and must be regarded only as some kind of recommendation. Secondly, some regulations are set by organizations which associate mediators, e.g. National Mediators' Association. From the European law point of view we shall remember about the unbinding regulation passed by the European Commission on the conference, 2 July 2007: European Code of Conduct for Mediators. It's also worth underlining that some acts regarding this matter are issued by Council of Europe, especially concern consumer aspects of ADR. On the other hand it's pointed out that some ethical standards are incorporated into the Polish code for civil procedure. It was done by the amendment, 2005.These principles are so called "code principle". The first of them is the basic principle that parties are free from any pressure from the mediator. Therefore they themselves decide whether to begin and to continue mediation as well as make a compromise. Next "code principle" is an obligation of the mediator to be impartial and uninfluenced by any party. The code rules also demand that the compromise between parties must be in accordance with the substantial law. We also can't forgot about the fact that all, what was said during mediation, is only for the mediator's information. It was confidential and must be kept secret even form the court. Another group of standards includes these ones which are not enacted in explicit manner by the legislator. The justification for them usually lies into morals or common sense. One of them concerns a neutral position of the mediator. This one is probably the most controversial. It means that the mediator is not allowed to make some proposals for settle a dispute. He is only an observer and he mustn't put forward any solution, even if he recons that parties' agreement is against the law. The second doubtful principle is the mediator's obligation to pay attention to keep balance between two parties. The mediator also ought to guarantee parties a feeling of comfort and safety. He is obliged to provide an appropriate place for mediation with all facilities. It's seem to be rational to oblige mediator to inform parties about all matters which are important for them, especially about his main ethical standards and rules affect his pay. Thus, he should inform about amount of his salary and explain plain rules how to calculate it. There are also some unbinding standards of less importance as an obligation of selfimprovement or a right to point another professional colleague not to breach standards of ethics. Rules of promotion and advertising have rather not fixed in an unambiguous way yet. Summarizing, there is no binding regulation for all ethical standards for Polish mediators. Only the core principles are incorporated in statues. The rest of them are forming in the spontaneous fashion and are of interest to soft law. Perhaps they will be regulated by statues in the future. (original abstract)
Słowa kluczowe
Rocznik
Tom
77
Strony
29--47
Opis fizyczny
Twórcy
  • Uniwersytet Jagielloński w Krakowie, doktorant
Bibliografia
  • M. Jurgilewicz , Regulacje europejskie dotyczące mediacji oraz pozostałych ADR, www.edukacjaprawnicza.pl.
  • R. Sarkowicz, J. Stelmach, Teoria prawa, Kraków 2001, s. 208.
  • R. Alexy, O pojęciu i naturze prawa, Warszawa 2006 r., s. 13 i 14.
  • T. Ereciński, Kodeks postępowania cywilnego, Komentarz, tom 1, Warszawa 2006, s. 412.
  • M. Bobrowicz, Mediacje gospodarcze - jak mediować i przekonywać, Warszawa 2004, s. 1-37.
  • K. Bargiel - Matusiewicz, Negocjacje i mediacje, Warszawa 2007, s. 81 i 82.
  • M. Bobrowicz, Rola pełnomocników procesowych w mediacji cywilnej (cz. I), Radca Prawny 3/2007, s. 108 i 109.
  • R. Morek, Mediacja i arbitraż, Warszawa 2006, s. 60.
  • H. Gajewska - Kraczkowska [w:] Etyka zawodów prawniczych, Warszawa 2006.
  • H. Izdebski [w:] Etyka zawodów prawniczych, Warszawa 2005, s. 167-180.
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
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