Availability of public aid, and its significance for small and medium enterprises, according to survey research
The conditions of operation of small and medium enterprises depend mainly upon external conditions (including legal and economic ones) as well as internal conditions (knowledge, experience, skills and dedication of entrepreneurs). The development of the sector of small and medium enterprises in Poland during the years 2001-2003 was determined predominantly by external legal factors. Therefore, emphasis needs to be put on the necessity to stabilise, clarify, and simplify legal regulations, and to provide small and medium enterprises with an appropriate period to adjust to new or changed regulations. Fulfilling those proposals ought to reduce operating costs of small and medium enterprises, and effectively contribute to their rising financial balance. Furthermore, Poland's joining the EU will not automatically stimulate the development of small and medium enterprises. Such stimulation depends on their capability to face competition (which is very low in case of most SME's), and possibilities of obtaining EU grants (which are limited too, because one of the basic conditions for obtaining grants is possessing an appropriate own financial input). Public aid in itself will not dramatically improve the conditions in which small and medium enterprises operate. Public assistance granted to entrepreneurs ought to bring certain effects, demonstrating themselves both in a day-to day operation of a company, and in long-term benefits connected with a particular venture. (author's abstract)
- Report on the condition of the sector of small and medium enterprises in the years 2002-2003, PAED, Warsaw 2004, p. 202.
- The influence of public aid upon the conditions of operation of small and medium enterprises. Joint work. Project number KBN 2H 02C 088 23, IRWiK, Warsaw 2004.
- The Decree of the Minister of Economy, of 21.05.2001, on the conditions and procedures of granting subsidies by the Polish Agency for Enterprise Development (Dz. U. of 2000, No. 57, position 598 with amendments).
- The Act of 27.07.2002 on the conditions of acceptability, and supervision over public assistance forentrepreneurs (Dz. U. No. 144, position 1177).