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2001 | 8 | nr 1 | 36--56
Tytuł artykułu

E-Commerce for Development: Prospects and Policy Issues

Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
What have we learned about the potential that ICT and e-commerce hold for poor countries? While the danger of hyperbole looms large, e-commerce does present real opportunities to small entrepreneurs in developing countries. The paper has first sought to identify the main channels through which these can be realised. At present, the evidence of real benefits is scattered and anecdotal, and the obstacles to affordable access are still formidable. The past, however, is not an especially reliable guide to the future in this domain: as a matter of fact, even in OECD countries profitable e-commerce businesses are still few and far between. The benefits of the Internet are subject to network externalities, but with a strong local bias. As the local user community grows, the incentive to develop local content and support services grows correspondingly, and this should in turn induce still greater local use. Thus, even if current usage rates in many developing countries are orders of magnitude lower than in OECD countries, the picture could change quite rapidly. (fragment of text)
Rocznik
Tom
8
Numer
Strony
36--56
Opis fizyczny
Twórcy
  • Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development
  • Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development
Bibliografia
  • Bayes, A., von Braun, J. and Akhter, R. (1999) "Village Pay Phones and Poverty Reduction: Insights from a Grameen Bank Initiative in Bangladesh". ZEF Discussion Papers on Development Policy, No. 8, Centre for Development Research, Universität Bonn
  • Cohen, S. J., DeLong, B. and Zysman, J. (2000) "Tools for Thought: What is New and Important About the 'E-eonomy'". BRIE Working Paper No. 138, Berkeley, CA
  • Dasgupta, S., Huq, M. and Wheeler, D. (2000) "Village Development in the Digital Age: The Impact of the Internet on Rural Bangladesh". Infrastructure/Environment Team, Development Research Group, The World Bank, Washington DC, processed
  • Duncombe, R. (1999) "Pilot Case Studies of ICT-related Categories of Small Enterprise in Botswana". IDPM, University of Manchester, processed
  • Duncombe, R. and Heeks, R. (1999) "Information, ICTs and Small Enterprise: Findings from Botswana". Development Informatics Working Paper Series, No. 7, University of Manchester
  • Ernberg, J. (1998) "Universal Access for Rural Development: From Action to Strategies". Paper to the First International Conference on Rural Telecommunications, Washington DC, 30 November -2 December
  • Garbade, K. D. and Silber, W. L. (1978) "Technology, Communication, and the Performance of Financial Markets, 1840-1975". Journal of Finance 33 (3): 819-32
  • Gordon, A. (1979) "The Location of Coffee Processing". Paris: OECD Development Centre, mimeo
  • ITC (2000) Secrets of Electronic Commerce: A Guide for Small- and Medium-Sized Exporters. Geneva: International Trade Centre, UNCTADAVTO
  • ITU (1999) Challenges to the Network: Internet for Development. Geneva: International Telecommunications Union
  • Izaguirre, A. (1999) "Private Participation in Telecommunications - Recent Trends". The World Bank Private Sector View Point 206
  • Leff, N. H. (1984) "Externalities, Information Costs, and Social Benefit-Cost Analysis for Economic Development: An Example from Telecommunications". Economic Development and Cultural Change 32 (2): 255-76
  • Mann, C. L. (2000a) "Electronic Commerce in Developing Countries. Issues for Domestic Policy and WTO Negotiations". Institute for International Economics Working Paper No. 2000-03, Washington DC
  • Mann, C. L. (2000b) Global Electronic Commerce: A Policy Primer. Washington DC: Institute for International Economics
  • OECD (2000a) "Information Technology Outlook 2000". Paris: OECD
  • OECD (2000b) "Is There a New Economy?" First Report on the OECD Growth Project. Paris: OECD
  • OECD (2000c) Economic Outlook 63, December
  • OECD (2000d) "Guidelines for Consumer Protection in the Context of Electronic Commerce". Paris: OECD
  • PANOS (1998) "The Internet and Poverty". PANOS Briefing Note No. 28, London
  • Perez-Esteve, R. and Schuknecht, L. (1999) "A Quantitative Assessment of Electronic Commerce". WTO Staff Working Paper No. 99-01, Geneva
  • Smith, M., Bailey, J. and Brynjolfsson, E. (1999) "Understanding Digital Markets: Review and Assessment" in Erik Brynjolfsson and Brian Kahin (eds) Understanding the Digital Economy. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press
  • Talbot, J. (1997) "The Struggle for Control of A Commodity Chain: Instant Coffee from Latin America". Latin American Research Review 32 (2)
  • WIPO (1999) The Management of Internet Names and Addresses: Intellectual Property Issues. Geneva: WIPO
  • World Tourism Organisation (2000) Marketing Tourism Destinations Online. Madrid: World Tourism Organisation
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.ekon-element-000171336479

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