The Role of Ardalan's dynasty in Iran's Political Structure
This paper aims at studying the role of Ardalan's dynasty in the political system of Iran. Going through a brief overview of the political situation of Kurdistan during Ardalan supremacy, this study is primary focused on describing Ardalan's situation in political structure of Iran. Similar with governors in other parts of Iran, Ardalan authorities were considered as the political elites of Iran and possessed a special and unique political status among the states of Iran from Safavid to Qajar periods. Also, they were always, or at least most of the times, were among the topmost states of Iran attained the high authority and power. Ardalans had always benefited from the most prominent epithets and titles including Sultan, Khan, Baig, governer, and Biglar Baigy and they ruled their kingdom in much of the historical period covered in this study. Since Ardalans were the ruler of Kurdistan region before the Safavid dynasty, both Safavid and Qajar kings maintained them as rulers over their inherited and inborn region.(original abstract)
- Amir Ashraf Khan Badlisy; Sharfnamh: detailed history of Kurdistan, with an introduction and suspension and table of contents by Mohammad Abbasi, Bija, Academic Press Institute, 1343, p. 117.
- Chardin, Chardin travel, translated by Associate Prof Iqbal Yaghmaie, Tehran: Toos, 1372, first edition, volume 3, page 1167.
- David MacDowell, History was translated by Ibrahim Younis, Tehran, Paniz, 1386, third edition, pp. 86-87
- Sir John Malcolm, full of history, translated by Mirza Ismail Hairat, Tehran, charm, 1380, first edition, vol. 2, p. 754
- Korosh. Hadian; centuries of sovereignty (glance over at the history and geography of Kurdistan Ardalan), Isfahan, Kankash Publications, 1389, first edition, pp. 119-120.
- Hamid Ahmadi, ethnicity and ethnicism in Iran, myths and realities, Tehran, publishing Nei, 1384, Fifth Edition, p. 189.
- Lawrence Lockhart; Extinction of Safavid dynasty (and devastating power of Afghans in Iran), translated by Mostafa Qoli, Emad. Tehran, Bina, 1343, pp. 4-11.
- George Nathaniel Krzn; Iran and the Iran issue, translated by Ghulam Ali Waheed Mazandarani, Tehran: cultural and scientific publications, 1380, Fifth Edition, Vol. 2, p. 390
- Alexander Baig Torkaman; history of Alam Aaray Abbasi, edited by Iraj Afshar, Tehran: Amir Kabir, 1382, third edition, volume 3, page 1086
- Seyed Ali Mirnya, Kurd tribes of Iran (including the situation of social, economic and cultural nationalism), Tehran: educational institutions and publishing Nasle Danesh, Bita, p. 14.
- Mirza Fazlo-Allah Kavari Shirazi; History of Zulgharnain, N. Afsharfr correction Tehran, the Ministry of Culture and Islamic Guidance Press, 1380, first edition, p. 458.
- Mola Mohammad Shrif Ghazi; Zobdh al-tavarikh Sanandaji, in Kurdistan history, the efforts of Mohammad Rauf Tavakoli, Tehran, Tavakoli Press, 1379, first edition, pp. 28- 29
- Khosraw bin Mohammed bin Manochehr Ardalan; lab history, Chronicles of Ardalan, Tehran, of Ardalan's family clubs publisher, 2536, p 32
- Masturay Kurdistani, Mizhuy Ardalan va Regiran va Barambar Kerdani La gal Sarchavakay Likda, Mamousta Hehzhar, Aras, Arbil, 2005, 2nd edition p. 82
- Ali Akbar, the chronicler of Kurdistani, Hadyqhe Naserieh and Merat Alzafar history and geography of Kurdistan, assisted by Mohamd Raoef Tavakoli, Tehran, Tavakoli Press, 1384, second edition, pp. 96-97
- Taher V. Ghazvini Abasnamh or 22-year life of Shah Abbas Sani (1052-1073), edited and annotated to decimal E., Arak, Arak bookshop Davoodi (former Ferdowsi), 1329, p. 227.
- Raher Bern, System of local authorities during the Safavid period, translated by Kaikavs Jahandari, Tehran, translating and publishing firm, 1349, first edition, p. 28-29.
- Ruhollah Bahrami , P. Mozaffari, "functions, divisions and organizational structure governor settled Ardalan Qajar era, "historical research, new course , third year, second issue (s 10), Summer 1390, pp. 60
- Vasily Nikitin, Kurdish and Kurdistan, translated by Mohammad Ghazi, Tehran, Derayat publication, 1378, third edition, page 344.
- Shirin Ardalan, Ardalan's family in cross section of the Iranian and Ottoman empires, translated by M. Ardalan, Tehran, Iran Tarikh Publication, 1387, first edition, p. 58.
- Mirza Fazlolah Sanandaji; Hadyqhe Amanullah, the corrected and annotated by Dr. AS. Khyampvr Tabriz, Tabriz College of Literature, published by the Institute of History and Culture, 1344, p. 48.