The Family as Basis of Social Order: Insights from the Yoruba Traditional Culture
Western form of civilization, which has afforded every nook and cranny of the world the opportunity to witness advancements in various facets of life, is accompanied by orientations which destroy traditional efforts - like the family systems - that engendered peace in various societies; and thus, with high-tech advancements today, the quest for social order is more pronounced than ever before. This paper interrogates the Yoruba traditional culture with a view to account for the role of the family system in achieving social order. Thus, it proceeds with a critical analysis of the idea of the family and the family system in Yoruba traditional society. It examines the notion of social order for the purpose of invoking a clear and distinct working understanding of the term. In order to achieve the set objectives identified above, this paper employs the trio methodology of translation, interpretation, and critical analysis. The translation and interpretation methods are employed as viable approaches to interrogate the oral texts with which we shall partly be dealing with; and the critical analysis method is adopted to achieve the twin goals of clarity and simplification of both the oral and the written literatures at our disposal. In the light of the above, this paper invigorates a discourse on the Yoruba traditional culture, and specifically unveils the importance of the family system within the culture in achieving social order. It seeks to bring into focus the impacts of the family in the society within the ambit of the Yoruba philosophical traditions, and how this matters in engendering social order. (original abstract)
-  Atanda, J.A. 1996. "The Yoruba People: Their Origin, Culture and Civilization" in The Yoruba: History, Culture and Languages (J.F Odunjo Memorial Lectures Series 5) edited by Olatunji, O.O. Ibadan: Ibadan University Press (Publishing House), Pp 3-34.
-  Elliot, S. and Gray, A. 2010. Family Structures: A Report for the New Zealand Immigration Service. Te Ratonga Menene: New Zealand Immigration Service.
-  Fadipe, N.A 1970. The Sociology of the Yoruba. ed. with intro. by Okediji, F.O. & Okediji, O.O. Ibadan: University Press.
-  Gbadegesin, S. 1991. African Philosophy: Traditional Yoruba Philosophy and Contemporary African Realities. New York: Peter Lang.
-  Gripaldo, R.M. 2003. "The Person As Individual and Social Being". A paper published in the Proceedings of the International Conference on The Dialogue of Cultural Traditions: A Global Perspective. Istanbu, 8-9 August.
-  Gyekye, K. 1996. African Cultural Values: An Introduction. Philadelphia, Pa/Accra: Sankofa Publishing Company.
-  Hecter, M and Horne, C. (eds.) 2009. Theories of Social Order: A Reader, 2nd edition. Stanford, California: Stanford University Press.
-  Mosby's Medical Dictionary, 8th edition, 2009.
-  Pereira, S. 2011. "Social Control, Social Order, Social Mobility and Social Change" in Saunders Comprehensive Veterinary Dictionary, 3rd edition, 2007.
-  Sofola, J.A. 1973. African Culture and African Personality: What makes an African Person African. Ibadan: African Resources Publishers Co.