Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników
2014 | t. 15, z. 7, cz. 1 Firmy Rodzinne - współczesne nurty badań i praktyki zarządzania | 343--363
Tytuł artykułu

The Importance of MSMEs for the Development of Women Entrepreneurship: a Story from Indonesia

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
The purpose of this research is to assess development of micro, small and medium enterprises (MSMEs) with the focus on women entrepreneurs in Indonesia. It also seeks to examine the key determinants of women involvement in business as entrepreneurs in the country. The research is a descriptive analysis based on secondary data analysis and a review of key literature/case studies on women entrepreneurs in Indonesia. Findings of the research clearly show that number of women entrepreneurs in Indonesia is still few, and they are concentrated mainly in micro and small enterprises. The relatively low number of women entrepreneurs in Indonesia can be said to be attributed to at least four main factors: (i) low level of education and lack of training opportunities, (ii) heavy household chores, (iii) there may be legal, traditions, customs, cultural or religious constraints, and (iv) lack of access to formal credit or financial institutions. This research has however one limitation,. As Indonesia does not have national data on women entrepreneurs, so, this study using only data for selected years on micro and small enterprises by gender of owners may not give a comprehensive picture. However, the research stresses that a wide gap still exists between male and female entrepreneurs in Indonesia. (original abstract)
  • Trisakti University, Jakarta, Indonesia
  • APEC (1999), Women Entrepreneurs in SMEs in the APEC Region, APEC Project (SME 02/98), Singapore.
  • Arifin H. (2004), Cara memahami kerentanan perempuan pengusaha kecil (a way to understand the vulnerability of women-entrepreneurs), "Journal Analysis Social", 9 (2), pp. 157-170.
  • Brewster K., Padavic I. (2000), Change in Gender Ideology, 1977-1996: The Contributions of Intracohort Change and Population Turnover, "Journal of Marriage and the Family", 62.
  • CRIDAL (2000), Access to Distance Education by Asian Women, CRIDAL Project Report.
  • Dewayanti R., Chotim E.E. (2004), Marginalisasi dan Eksploitasi Perempuan Usaha Mikro di Perdesaan Jawa (women marginalization and exploitation in micro business in rural Jawa), Bandung: Yayasan Akatiga.
  • Fafchamps M., Quisumbing A. (2005), Assets at marriage in rural Ethiopia, "Journal of Development Economics", 66, pp. 225-269.
  • GEM (2007), 2007 Report on Women and Entrepreneurship, Global Entrepreneurship Monitor, The Center for Women's Leadership at Babson College.
  • Justo R., DeTienne D.R. (2008), Gender, "Family Situation and the Exit Event: Reassessing the Opportunity-Cost of Business Ownership", IE Business School Working Paper WP08-26.Madrid.
  • Jütting J., Morrison Ch. (2005), Changing Social Institutions to Improve the Status of Women in Developing Countries, Policy Brief N0.27, OECD Development Center, Paris.
  • Kanwar Asha S., Taplin M. (eds) (2001), Brave New Women of Asia: How Distance Education Changed Their Lives, The Commonwealth Learning, Vancouver, British Columbia.
  • Lee J. (1995), Women's Issues: Upward Mobility through Adult Education, Proceedings of Annual Adult Education Research Conference, Edmonton, Canada, May 19-21.
  • Maemunah M. (1996), Studi tentang kepemimpinan wanita dalam industri rumah tangga di Kabupaten Batanghari (study on women leadership in home-based industry at Batanghari District), mimeo, March, Jambi: Faculty of Education Universitas Jambi.
  • Manning C. (1998), Indonesian Labour in Transition: An East Asian Success Story, Cambridge University Press.
  • Minniti M., Wim N. (2010), What Do We Know About The Patterns and Determinants of Female Entrepreneurship Across Countries?, "European Journal of Development Research", 22: 277-293.
  • Naudé W.A. (2010), Entrepreneurship, developing countries and development economics: New approaches and insights, "Small Business Economics Journal", 34(1): 1-12.
  • Niemann Y., Romero A. (2000), Effects of Cultural Orientation on the Perception of Conflict Between Relationship and Education Goals for Mexican American College Students, "Hispanic Journal of Behavioral Sciences", 22: 46-53.
  • Oey M. (1998), The Impact of the Financial Crisis on Indonesian Women: Some Survival Strategy, "The Indonesian Quarterly", 26(2), pp.81-90.
  • Purwandari I. (2002), Peranan Industri terhadap kesempatan kerja wanita dan pendapatan rumah tangga (The role of industry on women's working opportunity and household income), mimeo, January, Yogyakarta: Faculty of Agriculture STIPER.
  • Rusdillah E. (1987), Penelitian Wanita di Sektor Informal di Lima Kota (Research on women in informal sector in five cities), paper presented at the National Training Workshop for User and Provider of Data and Indicators on Women Productive Economic Activities, October, 5-9, Jakarta.
  • Sarwestri A., Sekarningsih R., Darwis R.S. (2001), Laporan Penelitian: Faktor-Faktor yang Mempengaruhi Pendapatan Perempuan Pekerja pada Industri Rumah Tangga Pembuatan Kasur di Desa Mekar Mukti, Kecamatan Cililin, Kabupaten Bandung (Research Report: Factors which influence income of female workers in home-based industries producing mattress in Mekar Mukti Village, Cililin subdistrict, Bandung District), research report, February, Pusat Penelitian Peranan Wanita-Universitas Padjajaran, Bandung.
  • Social Watch (2012), Social Watch Report 2012, Instituto Del Tercer Mundo, Montevideo, Uruguay.
  • Suharyo W.I. (2005), Gender and Poverty, SMERU (Gender and Poverty), No.14, April-June.
  • Syahrir K. (1986), Lapangan Kerja Bagi Wanita di Sektor Informal (Employment Opportunity for Women in Informal Sector), paper presented at the One Day Symposium on Employment Opportunity for Women, December 12, Jakarta.
  • Tambunan Tulus T.H. (2009a), SME in Asian Developing Countries, London: Palgrave Macmillan Publisher.
  • Tambunan Tulus T.H. (2009b), Development of SMEs in ASEAN Countries, Readworthy Publications, Ltd, New Delhi.
  • Taplin M. (2000), Asian Women's Experiences of Distance Education: A Five-Country Study, paper presented at the 14th Annual Conference of the Asian Association of Open Universities, October, 25-27, Manila.
  • UNDP (2013), Human Development Report 2013, Vienna and New York: UN.
  • WEF (2013), The Global Gender Gap 2013, Geneva: World Economic Forum.
  • Widagdo B. (2003), Pola relasi gender dalam keluarga: Studi pada pekera perempuan sector industri rumah tangga di Kota Blitar (Family's gender relation patterns: Study on women working in the home-based industry in the city of Blitar), discussion paper, February, The study centre for women and society, Universitas Muhammadiyah, Malang.
Typ dokumentu
Identyfikator YADDA

Zgłoszenie zostało wysłane

Zgłoszenie zostało wysłane

Musisz być zalogowany aby pisać komentarze.
JavaScript jest wyłączony w Twojej przeglądarce internetowej. Włącz go, a następnie odśwież stronę, aby móc w pełni z niej korzystać.