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2012 | 15 | nr 4 | 117--132
Tytuł artykułu

Prolific Inventor Productivity and Mobility: A Western/Asian com-parison. Evidence from US Patent Data for 12 Countries

Warianty tytułu
Produktywność i mobilność kluczowych wynalazców: analiza porównawcza danych patentowych 12 państw Azji, Ameryki oraz Europy zachodniej
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
Artykuł przedstawia nowe spojrzenie na rolę indywidualnych wynalazców w procesie tworzenia innowacji. Wynalazcy indywidualni stanowią element centralny procesu twórczego. Innowacja nie jest produktem firm i organizacji, wymaga indywidualnej kreatywności (Rothaermel i Hess 2007). Badanie koncentruje się na analizie płodnych wynalazców. Wynalazcy tej kategorii mają najwyższy udział w generowaniu ogółu wynalazków (Le Bas et al. 2010) o wysokiej wartości ekonkomicznej (Gambardella et al. 2005). Poprzednie badania kluczowych wynalazców skupiały się analizie firm, w których pracują lub w branżach, w których te firmy działają. (abstrakt oryginalny)
EN
This paper provides new insights into the role of individual inventors inthe innovation process. Individuals are central in this creative process becauseinnovation is not simply a product of firms and organizations; it requiresindividual creativity (Rothaermel and Hess, 2007). We focus our analysis on prolific inventors (a rich sub category of inventors) because they contribute sohugely to national invention totals (Le Bas et al., 2010) and tend to produceinventions that have more economic value (Gambardella et al., 2005; Gay et al.,2008). Converging empirical evidence has established the significance ofprolific inventors (Ernst et al., 2000). Previous studies of prolific (or "key")inventors have focused more on the firms in which they work or on the industriesin which the firms operate. Narin and Breitzman's (1995) seminal work on thetopic is based on an analysis of only four firms in a single sector and a recentpaper by Pilkington et al. (2009) uses only two firms. In contrast to these studieson small samples, we use a very large data set which includes thousands ofinventors in thousands of firms from several countries. (original abstract)
Rocznik
Tom
15
Numer
Strony
117--132
Opis fizyczny
Twórcy
  • University of Lyon, France
  • University of Delaware, USA
  • Silver Spring, MD, USA
Bibliografia
  • Breschi S. et al. (2010), The Geography of Knowledge Spillovers: the role of inventors'mobilityacross firms and in space. in R. Boschma and R. Marton eds The Handbook of Evolutionary Economic Geography. Edward Elgar Cheltenham UK.
  • Dodgson M. and D. Gann (2010), Innovation. A very short introduction. Oxford. University Press. Oxford and. New York.
  • Ernst D. (2005), Pathways to innovation in Asia's leading electronics exporting countries -a framework for exploring drivers and policy implications. International Journal of Technology Management, Vol 29. N°1-2, pp. 6-20.
  • Ernst H., Leptien C., Vitt J. (2000), Inventors are not alike: The Distribution of Patenting Outputamong Industrial R&D Personnel, in: IEEE Transactions on Engineering Management, Vol. 47, No. 2, pp. 184-199.
  • Fagerberg F. and Godinho (2006), Innovation and Catching up, in Fagerberg F., Mowery D.C., Richard R. Nelson R.R eds The Oxford Handbook of Innovation. Oxford University Press; pp 514-542.
  • Felsenstein D. (2011), Human capital and labour mobility determinants of regional innovation. In COOKE (Philip), ASHEIM (Bjor ), BOSCHMA (Ron) et al. Handbook of regional innovation and growth. Edward Elgar.
  • Gambardella A., Harhoff D., Verspagen B. (2006), The value of Patents. Paper presented at the NBER Conference. The Economics of Intellectual Property. Cambridge (MA), July 19th.
  • Gay C. and Le Bas C. (2005), Uses without too much abuses of patents citations or the simpleEconomics of Patents Citations as a measure of the value and origin of codified Knowledge. The Economics of Innovation and New Technology, Vol. 14 (5), July, pp 333-338.
  • Gay C., Latham B., Le Bas C. (2008), Collective Knowledge, Prolific Inventors and the Value ofInventions: An Empirical Study of French, German and British Owned U.S. Patents, 1975-1998.
  • The Economics of Innovation and New Technology. Volume 17, Jan. -March. pp 5- 22.
  • Hoisl K. (2007), Tracing mobile inventors-The causality between inventor mobility and inventorproductivity, Research Policy, n° 36, pp. 619-636.
  • Hoisl K. (2009), Does Mobility Increase the Productivity of Inventors? Journal of Technology Transfer, 34(2).
  • Latham W., Le Bas C., R. Bouklia-Hassane, C. Le Bas C., D. Volodine (2011), Interregionalmobility, productivity and the value of patents for prolific inventors in France, Germany and theU-K. International Journal of Foresight and Innovation Policy. Vol. 7, N° 1/2/3. pp 92-113.
  • Latham W., Le Bas C., Volodin D. (2012), Value of invention, prolific inventor productivity andmobility: evidence from five countries, 1975-2002. Economies et Sociétés. Série W, N°14. pp 11-40.
  • Le Bas C., Cabagnols, A., Bouklia, R. (2010), Prolific Inventors: Who are They and Where doThey Locate? Evidence from a Five Countries US Patenting Data Set. International Centre for Economic Research Working Paper No. 14/2010. Available at SSRN: hhtp://ssm.com/abstract=1625743.
  • Lundvall Bengt-Ake et al. (2009), Introduction. Handbook of Innovation Systems and DevelopingCountries. Ed. Lundvall, Joseph, Chaminade, Vang. Cheltenham. Northampton: Edward Elgar. 2009.
  • Narin F. and Breitzman A. (1995), Inventive productivity. Research Policy, 24, 507-519.
  • Pilkington A. et al. (2009), Defining key inventors: A comparison of fuel cell and nanotechnologyindustries. Technological Forecasting and Social Change 76 (1), pp. 118-127.
  • Rothaermel F.T. and Hess A. (2007). Building dynamic capabilities: Innovation driven byindividual, firm, and network-level effects. Organization Science, 18 (6): 898-921.
  • Saxenian A. L. (2006), The New Argonauts: Regional Advantage in the Global Economy. Harvard University Press, Cambridge.
  • Schankerman M., Shalem R., Trajtenberg M. (2006), Software Patents, Inventors and Mobility, Working Paper.
  • Trajtenberg M. (2004), The names game: Using Inventors Patent Data in Economic Research. Power-point Presentation. http://www.tau.ac.il/~manuel/.
  • Trajtenberg M., Shiff G., Melamed R. (2006). The "Names Game": Harnessing Inventors' PatentData for Economic. Research. NBER working paper series, No. w12479, September.
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.ekon-element-000171354089

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