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17 (2010) | nr 3 (70) | 108--116
Tytuł artykułu

Effect of Fertilization and Variety on the ß-Glucan Content in the Grain of Oats

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
The object of the study was to investigate the influence fertilization on the ß-glucan content of the common oats varieties (Vendelin, Zvolen) and the naked oats varieties (Detvan, Avenuda). The trial was established in the years 2007 and 2008 in the potato growing area in the centre of Slovakia in Vígľaš-Pstruša. The field treatments were realized in natural conditions without irrigation with four variants of fertilization. Nitrogen fertilization was applied before sowing and foliar application of selenium together with nitrogen was done in the growth phase at the end of stooling (BBCH 29). The amount of ß-glucan in the samples was determined by using the ß-glucan assay kit (Megazyme, Ldt. Ireland). The total average of ß-glucan content in the experiment was 4.08 %. The naked oats varieties reached higher content of ß-glucan, when we compare it with the common oats. The variety Avenuda reached highest of ß-glucan content (5.20 %). The nitrogen fertilization together with selenium fertilization statistically significantly increased the content of this polysaccharides. The influence of a particular year was statistically significant in ß-glucan content.( original abstract)
EN
The object of the study was to investigate the influence fertilization on the ß-glucan content of the common oats varieties (Vendelin, Zvolen) and the naked oats varieties (Detvan, Avenuda). The trial was established in the years 2007 and 2008 in the potato growing area in the centre of Slovakia in Vígľaš-Pstruša. The field treatments were realized in natural conditions without irrigation with four variants of fertilization. Nitrogen fertilization was applied before sowing and foliar application of selenium together with nitrogen was done in the growth phase at the end of stooling (BBCH 29). The amount of ß-glucan in the samples was determined by using the ß-glucan assay kit (Megazyme, Ldt. Ireland). The total average of ß-glucan content in the experiment was 4.08 %. The naked oats varieties reached higher content of ß-glucan, when we compare it with the common oats. The variety Avenuda reached highest of ß-glucan content (5.20 %). The nitrogen fertilization together with selenium fertilization statistically significantly increased the content of this polysaccharides. The influence of a particular year was statistically significant in ß-glucan content. (original abstract)
Rocznik
Numer
Strony
108--116
Opis fizyczny
Twórcy
  • Research Iinstitute of Plant Production, Research Breeding Station Vígľaš - Pstruša
  • Research Institute of Plant Production, Bratislavská cesta
  • University of Ss. Cyril and Methodius in Trnava, Slovakia
  • Research Iinstitute of Plant Production, Research Breeding Station Vígľaš - Pstruša
Bibliografia
  • [1] Brunner B.R., Feed R.D.: Oat grain ß-glucan content as affected by nitrogen level, location and year. Crop Sci., 1994, 33, 473-476.
  • [2] Cervantes-Martinez C.T., Frey K.J., White P.J., Wesenberg D.M., Holland, J.B.: Selection for greater ß-glucan content in oat grain. Crop Sci., 2001 41, 1085-1091.
  • [3] Davidson M.H., Dugan L.D., Burns J.H., Bova J., Story K., Drennan, K.B.: The hypocholesterolemic effects of beta-glucan in oatmeal and oat bran. J. Am. Medic. Assoc., 1991, 265, 1833-1839.
  • [4] Ganssmann W.: Beta-glukan in Hafer und Haferprodukten. Getreide, Brot und Mehl, 1998, 52, 341-345.
  • [5] Givens D.I., Davies T.W., Laverick R.M.: Effect of variety, nitrogen fertiliser and various agro-nomic factors on the nutritive value of hulled and naked oats grain. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol., 2004, 113, 2004. 169-181.
  • [6] Hietaniemi V., Saastamoinen M., Kangas A., Rantanen O., Kontturi M.: ß-glucan, thiamine and selenium contents in oats cultivated in Finland. Ed. Agricultural Research Centre of Finland 2000.
  • [7] Humphreys D.G., Mather D.E., Smith D.L.: Nitrogen-Fertilizer and seeding date induced changes in protein, oil and beta-glucan content in four oat cultivars. J. Cereal Sci., 1994, 20, 293-290.
  • [8] Keogh G.F., Garth J.S., Mulvey T.B., Mcardle B.H., Coles, G.D., Monro J.A., Poppitt S.D.: Randomized controlled crossover study of the effect of a highly ß-glucan-enriched barley on cardiovascular disease risk factors in mildly hypercholesterolemic men. Am. J. Clin. Nutr., 2003, 78, 711-718.
  • [9] Kerckhoffs D.A., Hornstra G., Mensink R.P.: Cholesterol-lowering effect of ß-glucan from oat bran in mildly hypercholesterolemic subjects may decrease when ß-glucan is incorporated into bread and cookies. Am. J. Clin. Nutr., 2003, 78, 221-227.
  • [10] Kováčik P.: Rozbory pôd, rastlín, hnojív a výpočet dávok živín k poľným a záhradným plodinám.SPU, Katedra agrochémie a výživy rastlín, Nitra 1997. ISBN 80-7137-358-9.
  • [11] Lee C.J., Horsley R.D., Manthey F.A., Schwarz P.B.: Comparisons of ß-glucan content of barley and oat. Cereal Chem., 1997, 74, 571-575.
  • [12] McCleary, B.V.: Megazyme: Mixed-linkage beta-glucan assay procedure (McCleary method). Bray Business Park, Bray 2006, pp. 1-15.
  • [13] Michalik I., Uzik M., Urminska D., Zofajova A.: The effect of variety and nitrogen fertilization on protein content and composition of oat grain. Agriculture, 2007, 53, 175-182.
  • [14] Peterson D.M., Aman P.: Production responses and serum lipid concentration of broiler chickens fed diets based on oat barn and extracted oat barn with and without enzyme supplementation. J. Sci. Food Agric., 1992, 58, 569-576.
  • [15] Rhymer C.: Effect of genotype, environment and nitrogen fertilization on oat processing quality. AACC 2000 Annual Meeting, November 5-9, 2000 Kansas city, Missouri, http://ww.aaccnet.org/meetings/2000/Abstracts/a00ma208.htm
  • [16] Sgrulletta D., de Stefanis E., Conciatori A., Longoni C., Redaelli R.: Characterisation for functional compounds of Italian oat genotypes. Proc. 7th Int. Oat Conf., Finland 2004, p. 151. ISBN 951-729- 879-X
  • [17] Šterba Z., Moudrý J.: Nutriční kvalita bezpluchého ovsa, Kvalita rostlinné produkce: Současnost a perspektivy směrem k EU, VÚRV, Praha-Ruzině, 2003, pp. 93-98.
  • [18] Wood P.J.: Oat ß-glucan: Structure, location and properties, Webster, F. H. /ed/ Oats: Chemistry and Technology. American Association of Cereal Chemists, St Paul, Minnesota, 1986, pp. 121-152.
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
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Identyfikator YADDA
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