Ustawiczne kształcenie i kapitał ludzki jako determinanty rozwoju zawodowego
Lifelong Learning an d Human Capital as a Means of Career Development
Działania polegające na uczestnictwie w szkoleniach zawodowych czy na zdobywaniu wykształcenia składają się na zagadnienie nazywane kapitałem ludzkim, którego znaczenie wzrasta szczególnie w procesie transformacji natury pracy pod wpływem globalizacji.(fragment tekstu)
Lifelong learning affects workforce in modern firms as a necessary tool to create an efficient employee who changes his or her skills constantly. This process gives a competitive advantage that can be taken into account by an enterprise while competing. On the other hand, lifelong learning being a must discourages less-educated workers to advance their career path. Simply forcing anyone in a firm to take part in a permanent learning process is an ethical issue. Therefore inside contemporary business organizations, such as corporations, new social divisions appear: well-qualified 'elite workforce' of professionals and poor-educated low-rank workers. Poor-educated ones seem endangered by unemployment more than other categories of employees in information society. This situation causes ordinary workers to become so called 'working poor' because they will be unable to compete on a labor market with professionals. Human capital, as a strategic resource of an enterprise, facilitates competitive advantage that firms can gain while competing. This form of capital shapes entrepreneurial situations that affect firm's performance directly or indirectly. An appropriate amount of human capital is a key factor to advance development of an enterprise on market. Vocational training, self-learning, postgraduate education for employees give an opportunity to upgrade necessary skills. The potential for individuals and enterprises to benefit from knowledge economy depends largely on their education, skills, talents and abilities, that is, their human capital. As a result, firms are increasingly concerned with raising levels of human capital, chiefly through education and training, which today are seen as ever more critical to fuelling economic growth. Definitions and theories of human capital were presented also in the text as an introduction.(original abstract)
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