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2014 | 4 | nr 2 | 27--37
Tytuł artykułu

Future of Winter Olympic Games in the Context of Ongoing Application Process to Host Winter Olympic Games 2022" Study Case: Cracow Bid

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
The concept of Olympism, i.e. healthy rivalry of athletes from all over the world, is the fundamental element of the Olympic Games (summer and winter), which are mega-sporting and, mostly as a consequence, touristic events. Unfortunately, with time the idea of Olympism begun to succumb to more profound commercialization and politicization, as sport arenas became a scene to demonstrate power of individual countries. Competition for hosting the Games was always high, due to the assumption that they will bring in investment, boost the economy and increase tourism. To determine whether the Olympics bring profit or loss to the host city, a research that takes into account the cost-revenue analysis, as well impact on tourism is necessary. The main reason for the deliberations shown in this study was the decision of Cracow to apply for hosting of 2022 Winter Olympics and then withdrawal of the bid due to a negative result in a local referendum, which confirms that the society's opinion of the Games have changed. The application process for the host of the WOG 2022 highlights the changes that have occurred in the perception of this global event by the citizens, politicians and authorities. As a result of those changes, 9 months before the vote of the WO 2022 host, only two Asian applicants remain in the competition. Thus, the question arises about the future viability of the Olympics, especially the winter ones, if the current trend will be preserved.(original abstract)
Słowa kluczowe
Rocznik
Tom
4
Numer
Strony
27--37
Opis fizyczny
Twórcy
  • Pedagogical University of Cracow
Bibliografia
  • Abend, L. (2014). Why Nobody Wants to Host the 2022 Winter Olympics [Online] Available at: http://time.com/3462070/olympics-winter-2022/, [Accessed 6 October 2014].
  • Around the Rings (2014). 2022 Winter Olympic Bids Ready to Go Global [Online] Available at: http://aroundtherings.com/site/A__48919/Title__2022-Winter-Olympic-Bids-Ready-to-Go-Global/292/Articles, [Accessed 30 October 2014].
  • Belenkiy, A. (2014). ФОТОИСТОРИИ О РОССИИ И ВОКРУГ. [Online] Available at: http://macos.livejournal.com/939210.html [Accessed 17 August 2014].
  • Bergman, J. (2014). Not much snow? Not a big problem: Beijing confident about 2022 Winter Olympics bid. [Online], Available at: http://www.usnews.com/news/sports/articles/2014/11/04/beijing-emerges-as-2022-winter-olympics-favorite [Accessed 6 November 2014].
  • Borowski, J. (2014). Organizacja Olimpiady w Londynie nie ma sensu ekonomicznego (Organizing the London Olympics has no economic sense). [Online], Available at: http://biznes.pl/wiadomosci/j-borowski-kredyt-bank-organizacja-olimpiady-wlon,5201926,news-detal.html, [Accessed 3 Septembere 2014].
  • Bosley, C. (2013). Swiss Reject 2022 Olympic bid for Davos and St. Moritz [Online], Available at: http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2013-03--03/swiss-reject-2022-olympic-bid-for-davos-and-st-moritz.html, [Accessed 6 October 2014].
  • Brunet, F. (2002), The Economic Impact of the Barcelona Olympic Games, Barcelona: the legacy of the Games 1992 - 2002, [w:] M. de Moragas, M. Botella (red.), Barcelona: l'herència dels Jocs. 1992 - 2002, Centre d'Estudis Olímpics UAB, Planeta, Ajuntament de Barcelona, Centre d'Estudis Olímpics UAB. Barcelona.
  • Department of Culture, M. a. S., (2007). Government Responese to the Culture, Media and Sport Select Committee Report on 'London 2012 Olympic Games and Paralympic Games: Funding and Legacy' (HC69), s.l.: s.n.
  • Duran, P. (2002). The impact of the Olympic Games on tourism. Barcelona: the legacy of the Games 1992 - 2002, [w:] M. de Moragas, M. Botella (red.), Barcelona: l'herència dels Jocs. 1992 - 2002, Centre d'Estudis Olímpics UAB, Planeta, Ajuntament de Barcelona, Barcelona.
  • Gadowski, W., (2014). Kraków za rządów Majchrowskiego pogrąża się w II lidze (Cracow of Mayor Majchrowski sinks in second league). [Online], Available at: http://telewizjarepublika.pl/gadowski-krakow-za-rzadow-majchrowskiego-pograza-sie-w-ii-lidze,7187. html, [Accessed 16 October 2014].
  • Hula, E., Bisson, M. (2014), 2022 Power Index -- Uncertainty Rules Winter Olympic Race. [Online] Available at: http://aroundtherings. com/site/A__46383/title__2022-Power-Index----Uncertainty-Rules-Winter-Olympic-Race/292/Articles
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.ekon-element-000171356093

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