Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników
2015 | 8 | nr 1 | 222--233
Tytuł artykułu

Business Influence on Media News Processing : a Comparison of Journalists' Perceptions in the Czech Republic and South Africa

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
How do journalists in two formally authoritarian countries, the Czech Republic and South Africa, perceive the potential of media owners and other business people to influence their work? Multinomial ordinal regression analysis was applied to data collected in the Czech Republic and South Africa for the present 50 country-wide Worlds of Journalism (WoJ) Project. A total of 291 journalists in the Czech Republic and 371 journalists in South Africa were interviewed according to the WoJ protocol. Three aspects of media freedom, as perceived by the respondents, a r e dis- cussed, namely the freedom journalists have to select news stories; to emphasize certain news aspects; and to participate in editorial discussion and decision making (news coordination). The results suggest that media owners as well as business people curb, but also support, journalists' freedom in dealing with the news. In the Czech Republic, a country in the global North and a former member of the Soviet bloc, the results show the influence of media owners and business owners supports the freedom of journalists in selecting their own stories. More influence of business people is associated with more freedom of journalists in aspects emphasized in the stories and in the frequency the journalists participate in newsroom coordination. In South Africa, a former white minority-ruled country in the global South, the results suggest that the influence of media owners seems to lessen journalists' freedom to select news and to emphasize certain news aspects, and coordination. Moreover, the perceived level of influence of business people in South Africa did not statistically significantly relate to all three aspects of journalists' freedom. (original abstract)
Słowa kluczowe
Opis fizyczny
  • Stellenbosch University, South Africa
  • Charles University in Prague, Czech Republic
  • Charles University in Prague, Prague, Czech Republic
  • Charles University in Prague, Prague, Czech Republic
  • Bilan, Y. & Bilan, S. (2011). The Formation of Civil Society in Ukraine after the Orange Revolution, Economics and Sociology, Vol. 4, No. 1, pp. 78-86. DOI:
  • Cochrane, P. (2007). Saudi Arabia's media influence, Order. Vol. 1, pp. 139-156. Cushion, S. 2007. Rich media, poor journalists: Journalists' salaries, Journalism Practice, Vol. 1, No. 1, pp. 120-129. DOI:
  • Câbelkovâ, I., & Strielkowski, W. (2013). Is the level of taxation a product of culture? A cultural economics approach. Society and Economy, Vol. 35, No. 4, pp. 513-529. DOI: http://dx.doi. org/10.1556/SocEc.2013.0007
  • Câbelkovâ, I., Strielkowski, W., & Mirvald, M. (2015). Business influence on the mass media: a case study of 21 countries. Transformations in Business & Economics, Vol. 14, No. 1, pp. 65-75.
  • De Beer, A. S. (2010). News from and in the "dark continent": Afro-pessimism, news flows, global journalism and media regimes. Journalism Studies, Vol. 11, No. 4, pp. 596-609. DOI:
  • Gilensa, M. and Hertzmana, C. (2000). Corporate ownership and news Bias: newspaper coverage of the 1996 Telecommunications Act. The Journal of Politics. Vol. 62, No. 3, pp. 369-386.
  • Goldacre, B. (2007). Media Watch: Journalists: anything to declare?, BMJ: British Medical Journal, Vol, 335, Issue 7618, pp. 480-481. DOI:
  • Hanitzsch, T. & Berganza, R. (2012). Explaining Journalists' Trust in Public Institutions Across 20 Countries: Media Freedom, Corruption, and Ownership Matter Most, Journal of Communication, Vol. 62, No. 5, pp. 794-814. DOI:
  • Hanitzsch, T. (2005). Journalists in Indonesia: Educated but timid watchdogs, Journalism Studies, Vol. 6, No. 4, pp. 493-508. DOI:
  • Hanitzsch, T. Anikina, M. Berganza, R., et al. (2010). Modeling perceived influences on journalism: Evidence from a cross-national survey of journalists, Journalism & Mass Communication Quarterly, Vol. 87, No. 1, pp. 5-22. DOI:
  • Houston, J. F., Lin, C. & Ma, Y. (2011). Media ownership, concentration and corruption in bank lending, Journal of Financial Economics Vol. 100, Issue 2, pp. 326-350. DOI: jfineco.2010.12.003
  • Christensen, C. (2007). Concentration of ownership, the fall of unions and government legislation in Turkey, Global Media and Communication, Vol. 3, No. 2, pp. 179-199. DOI: http://dx.doi. org/10.1177/1742766507078416 Kasoma, T. (2007). Brown envelope journalism and professionalism in development reporting: A comparison of Zambia and Ghana. University of Oregon.
  • Keeble, R. (2008). Ethics for journalists. Routledge.
  • Koudelkovâ, P., Strielkowski, W., & Hejlova, D. (2015). Corruption and System Change in the Czech Republic: Firm-level Evidence. DANUBE: Law and Economics Review, Vol. 6, No. 1, pp. 25-46. DOI:
  • Li, C. (2014). The hidden face of the media: How financial journalists produce information. Discussion Paper, University of Maryland, available at: /2014121283216200.pdf (accessed 10.05.2015)
  • Lodamo, B. & Skjerdal, T. S. (2009). Freebies and brown envelopes in Ethiopian journalists, Ecquid Novi, Vol 30, No. 2, pp. 134-154. DOI:
  • Mawindi Mabweazara, H. (2011). Newsmaking practices and professionalism in the Zimbabwean press, Journalism Practice, Vol. 5, No. 1, pp. 100-117. DOI:
  • Muggli, M. E. Hurt, R. D. & Becker, L. B. (2004). Turning free speech into corporate speech: Philip Morris' efforts to influence US and European journalists regarding the US EPA report on secondhand smoke, Preventive medicine, Vol. 39, No. 3, pp. 568-580. DOI: ypmed.2004.02.014
  • Ndangam, L. N. (2006). Gombo': Bribery and the corruption of journalism ethics in Cameroon, Ecquid Novi, Vol. 27, No. 2, pp. 179-199. DOI:
  • Price, C. J. (2003). Interfering owners or meddling Advertisers: How network television news correspondents feel about ownership and advertiser influence on news stories. Journal of Media Economics. Vol. 16, No. 3. Pp. 175-188.
  • Ryabinska, N. (2011). The media market and media ownership in post-communist Ukraine: Impact on media independence and pluralism, Problems of Post-Communism, Vol. 58, No. 6, pp. 3-20. DOI:
  • Rydzak, W. (2008). Crisis Public Relations in Transition Countries, Economics and Sociology, Vol. 1, No. 1, pp. 26-40. DOI: http://
  • So, C. Y. & Chan, J. M. (2007). Professionalism, politics and market force: Survey studies of Hong Kong journalists 1996-2006, Asian Journal of Communication, Vol. 17, No. 2, pp. 148-158. DOI:
  • Tejkalova, A.N., Lab, F. & Strielkowski, W. (2015). Security and independence of mass media: a case study of Czech journalists in media ownership turmoil, Journal of Security and Sustainability Issues, Vol. 4, No. 3, pp. 500-508. DOI:
  • Wasserman, H., & de Beer, A. S. (2010). Special issue: Journalism in the global South: South Africa and Brazil. Communicatio: South African Journal for Communication Theory and Research, Vol. 36, No. 2, pp. 143-147. DOI:
  • Waters, R. D. Tindall, N. T., & Morton, T. S. (2011). Dropping the ball on media inquiries: The role of deadlines in media catching, Public Relations Review, Vol. 37. No. 2, pp. 151-156. DOI: http://
  • Williams, K. (2005). European Media Studies, London: Hodder Arnold.
Typ dokumentu
Identyfikator YADDA

Zgłoszenie zostało wysłane

Zgłoszenie zostało wysłane

Musisz być zalogowany aby pisać komentarze.
JavaScript jest wyłączony w Twojej przeglądarce internetowej. Włącz go, a następnie odśwież stronę, aby móc w pełni z niej korzystać.