PL EN


Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników
Czasopismo
2015 | nr 23 | 23--46
Tytuł artykułu

Decision-making Processes and Asylum Claims in Europe : an Empirical Analysis of Refugee Characteristics and Asylum Application Outcomes

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Procesy decyzyjne w sprawie wniosków o azyl w europie : charakterystyka uchodźcy oraz analiza empiryczna wyników przyznawania azylu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
Chociaż uchodźcy otrzymują ofertę ochrony azylowej na podstawie Konwencji dotyczącej statusu uchodźców z 1951 roku (Konwencja genewska), wiele państw stara się ograniczyć liczbę wniosków o azyl otrzymywanych każdego roku. Niektórzy badacze sądzą, że nawet bez tych środków odstraszania, niektórzy uchodźcy mają mniejszą szansę na pozytywną decyzję o przyznaniu azylu niż inni. W niniejszej pracy, na podstawie danych z 32 państw europejskich, przeanalizowano wpływ różnych cech - w tym płci, wieku, pochodzenia i kraju pochodzenia - na prawdopodobieństwo przyznania azylu. To badanie jest pierwszą próbą empirycznego przetestowania niepotwierdzonej w literaturze stronniczości w procesach decyzyjnych odnośnie do przyznawania azylu. (abstrakt oryginalny)
EN
Although refugees are offered the potential of asylum protection through the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees, many states are attempting to curtail the number of asylum applications received each year. Several scholars have argued that even without such deterrence measures, some refugees are less likely to receive a positive asylum decision than others. Using country level data for 32 European states, this project examines the effects of various characteristics - including gender, age, and state of origin - on the likelihood of being granted asylum. This study is a first attempt at empirically testing the asylum literature's anecdotal evidence of bias in the decision-making processes in determining the outcomes of asylum claims. (original abstract)
Czasopismo
Rocznik
Numer
Strony
23--46
Opis fizyczny
Twórcy
  • University of California, USA
Bibliografia
  • Akram, S. M. (2000). Orientalism Revisited in Asylum and Refugee Claims. International Journal of Refugee Law, 12(1), 7-40.
  • Alison, M. (2007). Wartime Sexual Violence: Women's Human Rights and Questions of Masculinity. Review of International Studies, 33(1), 75-90.
  • Angel, J. L., Angel, R. J. (1992). Age at Migration, Social Connections, and Well-Being Among Elderly Hispanics. Journal of Aging and Health, 4(4), 480-499.
  • Angel, R. J. et. al. (1999). Age at Migration and Family Dependency Among Older Mexican Immigrants: Recent Evidence from the Mexican American EPESE. The Gerontologist, 39(1), 59-65.
  • Ankenbrand, B. (2002). Refugee Women Under German Asylum Law. International Journal of Refugee Law, 14(1), 45-56.
  • Anker, D. (2000-2001). Refugee States and Violence Against Women in the 'Domestic' Sphere: The Non-State Actor Question. Georgetown Immigration Law Journal, 15, 391-402.
  • Anker, D., Gilbert, N., Kelly, L. (1997). Women Whose Governments Are Unable or Unwilling to Provide Reasonable Protection from Domestic Violence May Qualify As Refugees Under United States Asylum Law. Georgetown Immigration Law Journal, 11, 709-745.
  • Asylum Information Database. (2015). Country Reports. .
  • Bahl, A. 1997-1998. Home is Where the Brute Lives: Asylum Law and Gender Based Claims of Persecution. Cardozo Women's Law Journal, 4, 33-73.
  • Bell, D. N. F., Blanchfl ower, D. G. (2011). Young People and the Great Recession. Oxford Review of Economic Policy, 27(2), 241-267.
  • Bhabha, J. (2004a). Demography and Rights: Women Children and Access to Asylum. International Journal of Refugee Law, 16(2), 227-243.
  • Bhabha, J. (2004b). Seeking Asylum Alone: Treatment of Separated and Traffi cked Children in Need of Refugee Protection. International Migration, 42(1), 141-148.
  • Batchelor, C. A. (1995). Stateless Persons: Some Gaps in International Protection. International Journal of Refugee Law, 7(2), 232-259.
  • Bloch, A., Galvin, T., Harrell-Bond, B. (2000). Refugee Women in Europe: Some Aspects of the Legal and Policy Dimensions. International Migration, 38(2),169-190.
  • Bocker, A., Havinga, T. (1998). Asylum Applications in the European Union: Patterns and Trends and the Effects of Policy Measures. Journal of Refugee Studies, 11(3), 245-266.
  • Boswell, Ch. (2007). Migration Control in Europe After 9/11: Explaining the Absence of Securitization. Journal of Common Market Studies, 45(3), 589-610.
  • Carpenter, R. Ch. (2005). 'Women, Children and Other Vulnerable Groups': Gender, Strategic Frames and the Protection of Civilians as a Transnational Issue. International Studies Quarterly, 49, 295-334.
  • Castles, S., Loughma, S. (2003). Trends in Asylum Migration to Industrialized Countries: 19992001. Discussion Paper 2003/31. United Nations University: World Institute for Development Economics Research.
  • Cervany, J., van Ours, J. C. (2013). Unemployment of Non-Western Immigrants in the Great Recession. De Economist, 161(4), 463-480.
  • Christie, A. (2003). Unsettling the 'Social' in Social Work: Responses to Asylum Seeking Children in Ireland. Child & Family Social Work, 8(3), 223-231.
  • Correlates of War. (2014). World Religion Data (v1.1). < http://www.correlatesofwar.org>.
  • Crawley, H. (2000). Engendering the State in Refugee Women's Claims for Asylum. In Jacobs, S., Jacobson, R., Marchbank, J. (eds.) States of Confl ict: Gender, Violence, and Resistance. London: Zed Books, 87-104.
  • Dunkerley, D., et al. (2005). The Experiences of Frontline Staff Working with Children Seeking Asylum. Social Policy & Administration, 39(6), 640-652.
  • European Commission. (2014). Statistics. Eurostat < http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/portal/page/ portal/statistics/themes>.
  • Fekete, L. (2005). The Deportation Machine: Europe, Asylum, and Human Rights. Race & Class, 47(1), 64-91.
  • Freedom House. (2014). Freedom in the World: Country Ratings and Status. .
  • Gibney, M. L., Wood, C. R., Haschke, P. (2014). Political Terror Scale 1976-2012. .
  • Gomez, D. (2003-2004). Last in Line - the United States Trails Behind in Recognizing Gender-Based Asylum Claims. Whittier Law Review, 25, 959-987.
  • Goodman, R., Jinks, D. (2003). Measuring the Effects of Human Rights Treaties. European Journal of International Law, 14(1), 171-183.
  • Hathaway, O. A. (2007). Why Do Countries Commit to Human Rights Treaties? Journal of Confl ict Resolution, 51(4), 588-621.
  • Hatton, T. (2012). The Recession and International Migration. In Baldwin, R., Vines, D. (eds.) Rethinking Global Economic Governance in Light of the Crisis: New Perspectives on Economic Policy Foundations. London: Centre for Economic Policy Research, 143-156.
  • Hatton, T. (2004). Seeking Asylum in Europe. Economic Policy, 19(38) 5-62.
  • Heyman, M. G. (2005). Domestic Violence and Asylum: Toward a Working Model of Affi rmative State Obligations. International Journal of Refugee Law, 17(4), 729-748.
  • Heyman, M. G. (2002-2003). Asylum, Social Group Membership and the Non-State Actor: the Challenge of Domestic Violence. University of Michigan Journal of Law Reform, 36(4), 767-814.
  • Holzer, T., Schneider, G. (2001). Asylpolitik auf Abwegen - Nationalstaatliche und Europaische Reaktionen auf die Globalizierung der Fluchtlingsstrome. Opladen, Germany: Leske und Budrich.
  • Holzer, T., Schneider, G., Widmer, T. (2000). The Impact of Legislative Deterrence Measures on the Number of Asylum Applications in Switzerland (1986-1995). International Migration Review, 34(4), 1182-1216.
  • Keith, L. C., Holmes, J. (2009). A Rare Examination of Typically Unobservable Factors in US Asylum Decisions. Journal of Refugee Studies, 22(2) 224-241.
  • Kelly, N. (1993). Gender-Related Persecution: Assessing the Asylum Claims of Women. Cornell International Law Journal, 26, 625-674.
  • Martin, L. L. (2005). The President and International Commitments: Treaties as Signaling Devices. Presidential Studies Quarterly, 35(3), 440-465.
  • Musalo, K. (2002-2003). Revisiting Social Group and Nexus in Gender Asylum Claims: A Unifying Rationale for Evolving Jurisprudence. DePaul Law Review, 52, 777-808.
  • Neumayer, E. (2005a). Asylum Recognition Rates in Western Europe: Their Determinants, Variation, and Lack of Convergence. Journal of Confl ict Resolution, 49(1), 43-66.
  • Neumayer, E. (2005b). Bogus Refugees? The Determinants of Asylum Migration to Western Europe. International Studies Quarterly, 49, 389-409.
  • Neumayer, E. (2005c). Do International Human Rights Treaties Improve Respect for Human Rights? Journal of Confl ict Resolution, 49(6), 925-953.
  • Polk, M. F. (1997-1998). Women Persecuted Under Islamic Law: The Zina Ordinance in Pakistan as a Basis for Asylum Claims in the United States. Georgetown Immigration Law Journal, 12, 379-393.
  • Randall, M. (2002). Refugee Law and State Accountability for Violence Against Women: A Comparative Analysis of Legal Approaches to Recognizing Asylum Claims Based on Gender Persecution. Harvard Women's Law Journal, 25, 281-318.
  • Sandefur, G. D., Scott, W. J. (1981). A Dynamic Analysis of Migration: An Assessment of the Effects of Age, Family, and Career Variables. Demography, 18(3), 355-368.
  • Seith, P. A. (1997). Escaping Domestic Violence: Asylum as a Means of Protection for Battered Women. Columbia Law Review, 97(6), 1804-1843.
  • Settlage, R. (1997-1998). No Place to Call Home: Stateless Vietnamese Asylum-Seekers in Hong Kong. Georgetown Immigration Law Journal, 12, 187-202.
  • Sinha, A. (2001). Domestic Violence and U.S. Asylum Law: Eliminating the 'Cultural Hook' for Claims Involving Gender-Related Persecution. New York University Law Review, 76, 1562-1598.
  • Sivakumaran, S. (2007). Sexual Violence Against Men in Armed Confl ict. The European Journal of International Law, 18(2), 253-276.
  • Stellinga-Boelen, A. A. M., et al. (2007). Vitamin D Levels in Children of Asylum Seekers in the Netherlands in Relation to Season and Dietary Intake. European Journal of Pediatrics, 166(3), 201-206.
  • Taylor, S., Byford, S. (2003). Research with Unaccompanied Children Seeking Asylum. BMJ, 327, 1400-1402.
  • UNHCR. (2014a). Convention on the Reduction of Statelessness. .
  • UNHCR. (2014b). States Parties to the 1951 Convention relating to the Status of Refugees and the 1967 Protocol. < http://www.unhcr.org/3b73b0d63.html>.
  • UNHCR. (2009). Chapter IV: Asylum and Refugee Status Determination. UNHCR Statistical Yearbook. .
  • Vincent, J. (1996). Who's Afraid of an Aging Population? Nationalism, the Free Market, and the Construction of Old Age as an Issue. Critical Social Policy, 47(16), 3-26.
  • World Bank. (2014a). GDP (Current US). Indicators. < http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/NY.GDP.MKTP.CD>.
  • World Bank. (2014b). Unemployment, Total (% of Total Labor Force) (Modeled ILO Estimate). Indicators. < http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SL.UEM.TOTL.ZS>.
  • Zawati, H. (2007). Impunity or Immunity: Wartime Male Rape and Sexual Torture as a Crime Against Humanity. Torture, 17(1), 27-47.
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.ekon-element-000171392987

Zgłoszenie zostało wysłane

Zgłoszenie zostało wysłane

Musisz być zalogowany aby pisać komentarze.
JavaScript jest wyłączony w Twojej przeglądarce internetowej. Włącz go, a następnie odśwież stronę, aby móc w pełni z niej korzystać.