Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników
2015 | 7 | nr 1 | 23--41
Tytuł artykułu

The Chinese-perspective of Intercultural Competence Models Revisited

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
Most intercultural competence models have been developed by Western experts based on Western theory and Western cultural values, and they are not culturally specific models. The lack of non-Chinese researchers to study and contribute to the construction of intercultural competence from a Chinese-perspective is a serious shortcoming, and most of the models developed by Chinese scholars are a replica of the Western models. A Chinese-perspective of intercultural competence model is indeed needed to reinterpret concepts and theories that are coined in the West, which are then widely used and generalized without any concrete-solid bases of their universality. This paper deployed empirical study methods to analyze the content of the literature to understand the construct of Chinese-perspective intercultural competence models. Eight Chinese-perspectives of intercultural competence models formulated by Chinese scholars between 1998 and 2013 have been identified, two of them are researched in English, while six others are in Chinese. As a result, there are no significant differences in the components of those eight models, as most Chinese scholars agree that cognitive ability, emotional management and communication skills are three of the major components which constitute the Chinese version of intercultural competence models. This research is timely, and is worth conducting, due to increased Chinese investments throughout the world, and the power and influence of China as the world's largest economy. The results could be used as a guiding operational scheme to prepare business partners from both sides for successful cooperation. However, one should recommend, in future research, that there be a comparison of Chinese-perspective models with Western-perspective models in order to delve deeper into the construct of the models to examine the degree to which the Chinese and Western-perspective of intercultural competence are complementary and compatible with each other. (original abstract)
Opis fizyczny
  • Warsaw School of Economics, Poland
  • Jagiellonian University, Poland
  • Bienvenu M.J. (1971). An interpersonal communication inventory. The Journal of Communication, 21, p. 381-388.
  • Chen G.M., & Starosta W.J. (2000). The development and validation of the intercultural communication sensitivity scale. Human Communication, 3, p. 1-15.
  • Deardorff D.K. (2004). The Identification and Assessment of Intercultural Competence. Department of adult and community college education, Graduate Faculty of North Carolina State University.
  • Duncan Huge & Martosko David. (2014). America usurped: China becomes world's largest economy - putting USA in second place for the first time in 142 years, 9 October 2014. From:
  • D'Zurilla T.J., & Nezu A.M. (1990). Development and preliminary evaluation of the Social Problem Solving Inventory (SPSI). Psychological assessment: a journal of consulting and clinical psychology, 2, p. 156-163.
  • Evangelista Leonardo. (2008). A Summary of McClelland, D. C. (1973). Testing for competence rather than for "intelligence". American Psychologist, 28, 1-14. From:
  • Fan Ying. (2002). Questioning guanxi: Definition, classification and implications. International Business Review, 11, 543-561.
  • Fantini Alvino & Tirmizi Aqeel. (2006). Exploring and Assessing Intercultural Competence. World Learning Publications. Paper 1. From:
  • Gao Jiayong & Wu Dan. (2007). Zhōngguó wài pài rényuán kuà wénhuà shèngrèn lì zhǐbiāo tǐxì gòujiàn yánjiū. [Study on intercultural competence index of Chinese expatriates]. Science and Management, 2007, 28 (5): p. 169-173.
  • He Yanzhen & Wang Yumei. (2014). The influence of expatriate management pratices on expatriates' cross-cultural adjustment: Evidence from Chinese enterprises]. Economic Management Journal (EMJ). Vol. 36, No. 4, issue no. 4, May 2014. p. 80-92.
  • Hwang K. (1987). Face and favor. The Chinese power game. American Journal of Sociology, 92, p. 944-974.
  • Koester J. & Olebe M. (1988). The behavioral assessment scale for intercultural communication effectiveness. Journal of Intercultural Relations, Vol 12(3), 1988, p. 233-246.
  • Leung T.K.P. & Chan R. (2001). Face, favour and positioning-a Chinese power game. European Journal of Marketing 37, p. 1575-1598.
  • Li Yan. (2010). Kuàguó qǐyè wài pài rényuán kuà wénhuà shèngrèn lì móxíng gòujiàn jí shízhèng yánjiū. [Intercultural competence model and empirical research of expatriates]. Hunan University.
  • Li Yijing & Tang Ningyu. (2010). Wài pài rényuán kuà wénhuà shèngrèn lì huígù yǔ móxíng gòujiàn. [Intercultural competence of expatriate: theory and modeling review]. Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai.
  • Luo Xun. (2013). Guanxi competence as intercultural competence in business contexts - A Chinese perspective. Interculture Journal, H. 20. p. 69-89.
  • McClelland D.C. (1973). Testing for competence rather than intelligence. American Psychologist, No.28(1), p. 1-14.
  • Spitzberg B.H., & Changnon G. (209). Conceptualizing intercultural competence. In: D.K. Deardorff (Ed.), The Sage handbook of intercultural competence (p. 2-52). Los Angeles, CA : Sage Publications, Inc.
  • Tian Zhilong, Jin Shunrou-zi & Xiong Qi. (2013). Kuàguó gōngsī zhōngguó yuángōng de kuà wénhuà shèngrèn lì yánjiū - "zǒu chūqù" yǔ "zǒu jìnlái" qǐyè jiān de bǐjiào. [On the intercultural competence of Chinese employees in MNCs-A comparison between Chinese firms going global and foreign firms in China]. Journal of Zhejing Gongshang University, 2013, (5): 79-90.
  • Ting-Toomey S. (2005). The matrix of face: an updated face-negotiation theory, in: Gudykunst W.B.(Ed.), theorizing about intercultural communication. Sage, Thousand Oaks, CA, p. 71-92.
  • Ting-Toomey S. & Kurogi A. (1998). Facework competence in intercultural conflict: an updated face-negotiation theory. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, Vol. 22, No. 2, p. 187-225.
  • Vallejo J.L. (2012). Intercultural competence as a conducive factor of managers' readiness for organizational change. University of Strasbourg, France. p. 106-109.
  • Williams R. (1983). Keywords: A vocabulary of culture and society. (2nd ed). London: Fontana Press.
  • Xu Lisheng. (2011). Intercultural competence revisited. School of International Studies. Zhejiang University, Hangzhou.
  • Xiao Fen & Zhang Jianmin. (2012). Guójì shāngwù zhōng de kuà wénhuà nénglì zhǐbiāo gòujiàn. [The components of ntercultural competence in international business]. Zhongnan University, Wuhan.
  • Yang Xue. (2008). F gōngsī kuà wénhuà shèngrèn lì móxíng gòujiàn. [Building intercultural competence model for company F]. Antai College of Economics & Management, Shanghai Jiaotong University.
  • Zhao Lu. (2010). Zhōngguó wài pài rényuán shèngrèn tèzhēng móxíng lǐlùn hé shízhèng yánjiū. [A theoritical and empirical study of Chinese expatriates competency model]. Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications, Beijing.
Typ dokumentu
Identyfikator YADDA

Zgłoszenie zostało wysłane

Zgłoszenie zostało wysłane

Musisz być zalogowany aby pisać komentarze.
JavaScript jest wyłączony w Twojej przeglądarce internetowej. Włącz go, a następnie odśwież stronę, aby móc w pełni z niej korzystać.