Ю.М. Лотман. Теория текста
YU.M. Lotman. Theory text.
Of the variety of language problems of one of the most important is the problem of meaning. On the question, what is the value, you can immediately give an approximate answer, saying that the value - it's what the sign says. Such a definition of values is acceptable, provided that we know what the sign, ie definition of value requires a definition of the linguistic sign. Science deals with the study of the value semantics, it is closely related to the study of properties of objects to perform the function of signs, the creation of the general theory of signs in all their manifestations, that is the task of science of semiotics, which is a synthesis of philosophical, linguistic and cultural ideas. The relevance of the study of semiotic concepts due to the special status of the language in the context of the humanities. Semantics and semiotics have a relatively young age in the status of a particular area of scientific knowledge. Its birth can be dated to the beginning of the last century, when they saw the light of the work of Charles Peirce, Charles Morris and F. de Saussure. Along with the increasing interest in the language increases the need for systematization of methodological approaches and understanding of the mosaic view of language, which is difficult to reconstruction and description. Hardly having registered as a scientific discipline, semiotics quickly disintegrated into many private semiotician, where its philosophical content pushed aside.(original abstract)