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2012 | 1(3/4) | 17--31
Tytuł artykułu

The Adjustment of Identity: Inquiries into Logic and Semantics of an Uncertain World

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Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
In this article I present some characteristics of logic and semantics of an uncertain world. I confront two-valued and fuzzy logic. I use Kafka's novel Process as an example, which is designed as an uncertain context with words which are rigid designators without rigid meaning. That produces an uncertain world of logical and semantical relations. In presentation of problems I introduce basic concepts of Frege's, Wittgenstein's, Tarsky's, Searle's, Quine's and Davidson's philosophy of language. I distinguish the logical and semantical identification of identity. Further, I make difference between reference and inference, or representation and identification as two components which are fundamental for the identification of identity. I ground this difference on the role of logical unification and granulation of predicates in the structure of thought and semantical unification and granulation of attributes in the structure of statements and their relation to ontology of context. Confronting the logical and semantical unification and granulation I find that the limits of logic are not also the limits of language. The semantical unification goes beyond the highest genre and below the lowest species. That enables the extra-logical, non-scientific, confessional, prophetic, artistic, and ordinary use of language.(original abstract)
Czasopismo
Rocznik
Tom
Strony
17--31
Opis fizyczny
Twórcy
autor
  • University of Sarajevo
Bibliografia
  • 1. Aristotelis Opera, Academia Regia Borussica (ed.), Ex Recensione Immanuelis Bekkeri. Volumen Primum.Editio Altera, Berolini, 1960.
  • 2. Carnap, R., Meaning and Necessity, Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 1956.
  • 3. Davidson, D., "Semantics for Natural Languages" [in:] Davidson, Donald, Inquiries Into Truth and Interpretation, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001.
  • 4. Davidson, D., "Reality Without Reference" [in:] Davidson, Donald, Inquiries Into Truth and Interpretation, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001.
  • 5. Davidson, D.,"On the Very Idea of a Conceptual Scheme" [in:] Davidson, Donald, Inquiries Into Truth and Interpretation, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001.
  • 6. Davidson, D., Subjective, Intersubjective, Objective, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 2001a.
  • 7. Frege, G., "Über Sinn und Bedeutung" [in:] Frege, Gottlob, Funktion, Begriff, Bedeutung, Gottingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 1962.
  • 8. Frege, G.,"Gedankengefüge" [in:] Frege, Gottlob, Logische Untersuchungen, Gottingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 1960.
  • 9. Frege, G., Begriffsschrift und andere Aufsätze. Zweite Auflage. Mit E. Husserls und H. Scholz Anmerkungen, Herausgegeben von Ignacio Angelelli, Hildesheim: Georg Olms, 1964.
  • 10. Frege, G., "Logik" [in:] Frege, Gottlob, Logik und Sprachphilosophie. Hamburg: Felix Meiner Verlag, 1986.
  • 11. Ibrulj, N., Filozofija logike, Sarajevo: Sarajevo Publishing, 1999.
  • 12. Ibrulj, N., "Holizam identiteta", Pismo, Sarajevo, 2004, pp.
  • 13. Kafka, F., The Trial, Vintage Books, 2005.
  • 14. Kripke, S., Naming and Necessity, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1972.
  • 15. Quine, W. V. O., Word and Object, Cambridge, Massachusetts and London: MIT Press, 1960.
  • 16. Quine, W. V. O., From a Logical Point of View, New York: Harper, 1961.
  • 17. Quine, W. V. O., Philosophy of Logic, New York: Prentice-Hall, 1970.
  • 18. Quine, W. V. O., From a Logical Point of View, Second Edition, Cambridge, Massachusetts and London: Harvard University Press, 1980.
  • 19. Searle, J. R., "Minds, Brains, and Programs" [in:] Haugeland, John (ed.), Mind Design, Cambridge, Massachusetts and London: MIT Press, 1980.
  • 20. Tarski, A., "The Concept of Truth in Formalized Languages" [in:] Tarski, Alfred, Logic, Semantics, Metamathematics. London: Oxford University Press, 1956.
  • 21. Wittgenstein, L., "Tractatus logico-philosophicus" [in:] Wittgenstein, Ludwig, Schriften, Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp Verlag, 1960.
  • 22. Wittgenstein, L., "Logische Untersuchungen" [in:] Wittgenstein, Ludwig, Schriften, Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp Verlag, 1960.
  • 23. Zadeh, L. A., Fuzzy Sets and their Application to Cognitive and Decision Processes. New York: Academic Press, 1976.
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.ekon-element-000171422118

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