The Development Strategy of the City and the District of Ústí on Elbe
The postwar industrial and construction boom in both, the West as well as Eastern Europe, can be characterize by a centralized planning where state institutions often happened to be the only provider of a urban development. The private sector in Western cities started to gain its place in the end of sixties. The basis for public participation on the planning was established at that time. A rigid centralistic model was still prevailing in here. The eighties and nineties were marked by an energetic crisis and demographic drop in city's population. The means of the urban development were switching from large construction investments to projects of city restoration. The planning process became less "technical" and besides its original purpose as a general regulative instrument, it became perceived as an innovation, technological, and social stimuli of the development. Some responsibility was subsequently transferred on independent private partners (Blažek, 1996). The transformation time in the post-communist countries was characterized by a reflexive deflection from the previous planning practice and substantial restriction in intervention approaches in the planning processes. (fragment of text)
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