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Czasopismo
2016 | 11 | nr 2 | 219--249
Tytuł artykułu

Technical Barriers to Trade Notifications and Dispute Settlement within the WTO

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
The aim of this paper is to verify empirically whether the Specific Trade Concerns (STCs) regarding Technical Barriers to Trade (TBTs) notifications by WTO members can serve as an early warning system for past and future disputes (DS) covering allegedly trade restricting TBTs. WTO members, in order to increase transparency of trade policies, have made efforts to compile data on notified TBTs. For several years the WTO provides a TBT dataset, used in our paper, which covers the STCs raised by its members ("reverse" notifications). From 1995-2011, there have been 45 requests for consultation under the Dispute Settlement (DS) Body of the World Trade Organization (WTO) in order to identify possible violations of the technical barriers to trade (TBT) agreement. This paper attempts to find the linkages between DS cases citing the TBT agreement and the STC data regarding TBTs. The DS Body's decisions regarding possible violations of the TBT agreement are discussed in detail. Afterwards, we analyze, descriptively and econometrically, the relationship between notified STCs and DS consultations regarding TBTs. (original abstract)
Czasopismo
Rocznik
Tom
11
Numer
Strony
219--249
Opis fizyczny
Twórcy
  • Vienna Institute for International Economic Studies, Austria
  • University of Warsaw, Poland
Bibliografia
  • Aisbett E., & Pearson L.M. (2012). Environmental and Health Protections, or New Protectionism? Determinants of SPS Notifications by WTO Members. Determinants of SPS Notifications by WTO Members (December 21, 2012). Crawford School Research Paper, (12-13).
  • Busch M.L., & Reinhardt E. (2003). Developing Countries and General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade/World Trade Organization Dispute Settlement. Journal of World Trade, 37(4).
  • Feinberg R.M., & Reynolds K.M. (2007). Tariff Liberalisation and Increased Administrative Protection: Is There a Quid Pro Quo?. World Economy, 30(6). DOI: 10.1111/j.1467-9701.2007.01016.x.
  • Geraats P.M. (2002). Central Bank Transparency. Economic Journal, 112(483). DOI: 10.1111/1468-0297.00082.
  • Ghodsi M. (2015). Determinants of Specific Trade Concerns Raised on Technical Barriers to Trade. Verein "Wiener Inst. für Internat. Wirtschaftsvergleiche"(WIIW), 117.
  • Kono D.Y. (2006). Optimal Obfuscation: Democracy and Trade Policy Transparency. American Political Science Review, 100(03).
  • Moore M.O., & Zanardi M. (2011). Trade Liberalization and Antidumping: Is There a Substitution Effect?. Review of Development Economics, 15(4). DOI: 10.1111/j.1467-9361.2011.00630.x.
  • Newey W.K., & West K.D. (1994). Automatic Lag Selection in Covariance Matrix Estimation. Review of Economic Studies, 61(4).
  • Otsuki T., Maskus K.E., & Wilson J.S. (1999). Quantifying the Impact of Technical Barriers to Trade: A Framework for Analysis. World Bank Policy Research Working Paper, (2512).
  • Otsuki T., Wilson J.S., & Sewadeh M. (2001). Saving Two in a Billion: Quantifying the Trade Effect of European Food Safety Standards on African Exports. Food policy, 26(5).
  • Ray E.J. (1981). The Determinants of Tariff and Nontariff Trade Restrictions in the United States. Journal of Political Economy, 89.
  • Rules D.S. (1994). Understanding on Rules and Procedures Governing the Settlement of Disputes. Marrakesh Agreement Establishing the World Trade Organization, Annex, 2, 1869.
  • Santana R., & Jackson L.A. (2012). Identifying Non-tariff Barriers: Evolution of Multilateral Instruments and Evidence from the Disputes (1948-2011). World Trade Review, 11(03).
  • Swann P. (2010). The Economics of Standardization: an Update. Report for the UK Department of Business, Innovation and Skills (BIS).
  • Swinnen J., & Vandemoortele T. (2012). Trade and the Political Economy of Standards. World Trade Review, 11(03).
  • UNCTAD (2013). Non-tariff Measure to Trade: Economic and Policy Issues for Developing Countries. UNCTAD/DITC/TAB/2012/2. New York and Geneva: United Nations Publications.
  • UNCTAD/WTO (2012). A Practical Guide to Trade Policy Analysis. Retrieved form http://vi.unctad.org/tpa/.
  • WTO (2012). World Trade Report 2012. Trade and Public Policies: A Closer Look at Non-tariff Measures in the 21st Century. Geneva: WTO Publications.
  • Yu Z. (2000). A Model of Substitution of Non-tariff Barriers for Tariffs. Canadian Journal of Economics/Revue canadienne d'économique, 33(4).
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.ekon-element-000171429702

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