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2016 | 19 | nr 3 | 45--67
Tytuł artykułu

Do Government Policies Foster Environmental Performance of Enterprises from CEE Region?

Warianty tytułu
Czy polityka państwa wspiera ekoinnowacje w przedsiębiorstwach z krajów Europy Środkowo-Wschodniej?
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
Innowacje ekologiczne powinny stanowić jeden z głównych filarów gospodarek krajów europejskich, w tym również tych z Europy Środkowo-Wschodniej. Celem niniejszego opracowania jest przedstawienie analizy porównawczej determinantów ekoinnowacji wybranych krajach EŚW. Część empiryczna opracowania oparta jest na danych jednostkowych z kwestionariusza CIS 2006-2008 dla przedsiębiorstw z Bułgarii, Czech, Rumunii i Niemiec. Wyniki regresji liniowej dla polityki wspierającej działalność innowacyjną wskazują, że wsparcie finansowe dla działań innowacyjnych ma raczej ograniczoną rolę w promowaniu innowacji ekologicznych, zaś za najważniejsze stymulatory ekoinnowacji przedsiębiorstw z regionu uznawane są istniejące regulacje dotyczące ochrony środowiska. W Niemczech, kraju o wyższym rankingu Eco-Innovation Scoreboard, spektrum stymulatorów ekoinnowacji jest dużo szarsze i bardziej zrównoważone. Prowadzi to do wniosku, że wysiłki rządu winny być kierowane nie tylko na doskonalenie polityki dotyczącej środowiska, ale tworzyć podstawy dla prawnego i instytucjonalnego otoczenia, promującego model zielonej gospodarki. (abstrakt oryginalny)
EN
In recent years, EU countries, including these from the Central Eastern European (CEE) region has recognised, that eco-innovation should be treated as strategic priority of their economies. The aim of this paper is to present a cross-country analysis of the connection between eco-innovation and its main drivers within firms from selected CEE countries (Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Romania) and Germany. The empirical part is based on micro-data for Community Innovation Survey (CIS) 2006-2008. Based on the results of stepwise regression between main policy actions sustaining innovation activity and eco-innovation performance we can conclude, that financial support for innovation activities has a rather limited role in promoting eco-innovation. At the same time enterprises from the CEE region regard environmental regulations as the most important drivers of eco-innovation. In Germany, a country ranked in the highest category in the Eco-Innovation Scoreboard, the variety of forces that influence eco-innovation is much more wide-ranging. This indicates that government actions should take a broader look and lay the more general bases fostering the model of a green growth. (original abstract)
Rocznik
Tom
19
Numer
Strony
45--67
Opis fizyczny
Twórcy
  • Warsaw School of Economics, Poland
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Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.ekon-element-000171436662

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