Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników
2013 | Vol. 1, Iss. 1 | 43--56
Tytuł artykułu

EU Initiatives for Democratisation in Eastern Europe

Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
Support for democratisation and democracy has become one of the leading topics in a wide-ranging debate over the state of democracy in the contemporary world. The European Union became an important player in global politics, one with an ambitious programme for the spreading and supporting of democracy and the process of democratisation in Eastern Europe. Hence the author's attempt at addressing the following question: what actions and strategies have and are being undertaken by the EU to facilitate the above-mentioned processes? The aim of the paper is to describe and assess the strategies and actions of the European Union in the field of supporting democratisation and democracy in selected countries of the former USSR (e.g. Belarus, Georgia, Moldova and Ukraine), additionally well-fitting to the concept of Eastern Partnership, in the last decade of XX and the first decade of XXI Century. The paper also aims to present which procedures and standards (that are supposed to guarantee their usefulness and effectiveness) are being used by the EU. The emphasis has been placed primarily on the processes of democratisation, their mileage, specificity and possible strategies for supporting democratic development, as well as its potential for consolidation, in the countries of the former Soviet Union. In order to conduct the research it is necessary to assess the political, social and economic conditions in the researched countries. It is to be stressed that one should be aware of the complexity and dynamics of the described processes whilst evaluating the EU's initiatives. The papers topic was chosen due to the importance and currentness of the researched EU actions and their results.(original abstract)
Opis fizyczny
  • Čavusaŭ Jury. Białoruś - w stronę zjednoczonej Europy. Wrocław: Kolegium Europy Wschodniej im. Jana Nowaka-Jeziorańskiego, 2009. Sytuacja społeczeństwa obywatelskiego w kontekście dialogu z UE, p. 87-105. ISBN 978-83-61617-80-8.
  • Antidze Margarita, Heritage Timothy. Ex-Soviet Georgia enters new era with presidential poll [online]. [access 29 October 2013]. Available:
  • Civil Georgia. Garibashvili Named as Next PM [online]. [access 03 November 2013]. Available:
  • Council of the European Union, (2009) Joint Declaration of the Prague Eastern Partnership Summit, Prague, 7 May 2009, Brussels: Author.
  • Dryzek John S. and Holmes Leslie Templeman. Post-Communist Democratization: Political Discourses Across Thirteen Countries (Theories of Institutional Design). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002, p. 79. ISBN 13: 9780521001380.
  • Election Administration of Georgia. Preliminary Results of the Presidential Elections of Georgia [online]. [access 29 October 2013]. Available:
  • European Commission of the European Union, (2006) European Neighbourhood and Partnership Instrument ENPI, Eastern Regional Programme, Strategy Paper 2007-2013, Brussels: Author.
  • European Commission, (2008) Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament and the Council: Eastern Partnership, Brussels: Author.
  • European Commission (2013), Signature of Association Agreement with the EU will depend on Ukraine's performance, IP/13/436, Brussels: Author.
  • European Parliament and the Council, (2006) Regulation (EC) No 1638/2006 of the European Parliament and of the Council laying down general provisions establishing a European Neighbourhood and Partnership Instrument, Brussels: Author.
  • European Union, (1998) Declaration of the European Union on the occasion of the 50th anniversary of the Universal Declaration on Human Rights, Vienna: Author.
  • EU Co-operation News. European Cultural Week in Kyiv celebrates Europe's "unity in diversity" [online]. [access 20 October 2013]. Available:
  • Freedom House. Nations in Transit 2011. Washington: Author, 2011.
  • General Affairs and External Relations, 2463 Council meeting (2002) New Neighbours Initiative - Council conclusions, Brussels: European Council.
  • Ghinea Cristian and Chirilă Victor. EU - Moldova Negotiations. What is to be discussed, what could be achieved? Centrul Român de Politici Europene [online]. 2010. [access 23 February 2012]. Available:,eu_-_moldova_negotiations.pdf.
  • Giddens Anthony. Europe in the Global Age, Oxford, Malden: Polity Press. 2007. ISBN 978-83-0115-813-2.
  • Gromadzki Grzegorz and Suszko Ołeksandr. Między satysfakcją a rozczarowaniem. Relacje UE - Ukraina rok po pomarańczowej rewolucji. Warszawa - Kijów: Fundacja im. Stefana Batorego, 2005.
  • Ivan Paul and Ghinea, Cristian. Making sense of EU's Eastern Partnership - Moldova as an opportunity, The Romanian Center for European Policies (CRPE) [online]. 2010, no 13. [access 12 February 2012]. Available:
  • Kapuśniak Tomasz. The eastern dimension of the European Union's Neighbourhood Policy. Inclusion without membership? Centrum Europejskie Natolin [online]. 2009, no. 42. [access 01 Februay 2012]. Available:
  • Klatt Małgorzata. Poland and Europeanization 2004-2010. First edition. Scholar Publishing House: Warsaw, 2012. ISBN 978-83-7383-568-9.
  • Kubicek Paul. Ukraine and the European Neighbourhood Policy: Can the EU Help the Orange Revolution Bear Fruit?, East European Quarterly. 2007, Vol.41, No 1, pp. 1-23.
  • Kubicek Paul J. The European Union and Democratization. London and New York: Routledge, 2003. International norms, the European Union, and democratization: tentative theory and evidence, s.1. ISBN 0-203-3441-3 (Print edition).
  • Lukashuk Alexander. Democratic consolidation in Eastern Europe, Volume 2. International and Transnational Factors. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001. Constitutionalism in Belarus: A False Start, p. 298 and 308. ISBN: 9780199244089.
  • Lynch Dov. The New Eastern Dimension of the Enlarged EU. Chaillot Papers [online]. 2003, no. 64, pp. 34-59. [access 28 December 2011]. Available:
  • Makarychev Andrei and Deviatkov Andrey. Eastern Partnership. Still a missing link in EU strategy?, Centre for European Policy Studies Commentary [online]. 2012. [access 02 January 2012]. Available:
  • Markus Ustina. Belarus. From bad to worse. Annual Survey of Eastern Europe and the Former Soviet Union, 1997. 1998, pp. 148-159.
  • Minzarari Dumitru. EU-Moldova Action Plan: An Unfinished Task Or A Complete Failure? [online], Discussion Paper [IDIS"Viitorul"] [online]. 2008, No. 2. [access 17 November 2011]. Available:
  • Mitchel Lincoln A. Democracy in Georgia Since the Rose Revolution. East European Democratization [online]. 2006 [access n.d.]. Available:
  • Nervi Alessandra. The Making of the European Neighbourhood Policy, Baden-Baden: Nomos, 2011. ISBN- 10: 3832956816.
  • Nowak Alojzy Z. Eastern Policy of the European Union: Role of Poland, Case of Ukraine Warszawa: Centre of Europe, Univeristy of Warsaw, 2008. European Neihgbourhood Policy and Ukraine - Initial Results, p. 55-62.
  • Pan Philip P. Georgia, a Nation Stalled On the Road to Democracy. The Washington Post [online], March 2009. [access 19 April 2012]. Available:
  • Pazdniak Viačasłaŭ. Białoruś - w stronę zjednoczonej Europy. Wrocław: Kolegium Europy Wschodniej im. Jana Nowaka-Jeziorańskiego, 2009. Poszerzając ofertę Europejskiej Polityki Sąsiedztwa dla Białorusi: w poszukiwaniu idealnego przepisu, p. 21-42. ISBN 978-83-61617-80-8.
  • Popescu Nicu. Outsourcing' de facto Statehood. Russia and the Secessionist Entities in Georgia and Moldova, CEPS Policy Brief [online]. 2006 No. 109. [access 12 February 2012]. Available:
  • Popescu Nicu. Re-setting the Eastern Partnership in Moldova. CEPS Policy Brief [online]. 2009, No. 199. [access 12 February 2012]. Available:
  • Potocki Robert. Drogi i bezdroża ku demokracji. Przemiany polityczne w Europie postkomunistycznej. Toruń: MADO, 2005. Strategia Europy wobec Ukrainy w latach 2001-2004, p. 217-332.
  • Soldak Katya. Europe And Ukraine: So Close Yet So Far. Forbes [online]. 5/17/2013. [access 21 October 2013]. Available:
  • Tugui Eduard. Republic of Moldova and the future of Eastern Partnership: Warsaw summit perspectives [online]. EaP Community, 2011-09-19. [access 06 January 2012]. Available:
  • Walker Shaun, Ukraine's EU trade deal will be catastrophic, says Russia. The Gaurdian [online], 22 September 2013. [access 20 October 2013]. Available:
  • Whitehead Laurence. The International Dimensions of Democratization. Europe and the Americans. Second edition. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001. The Enlargement of the European Union: A Risky Form of Democracy Promotion, p. 415-443. ISBN 9780199243754.
  • Wrobel Katarzyna. The Eastern partnership: New Perspektive for a New Europe. Youth Eastren Partnership: Cracow 2010. The Eastern Partnership Towards Ukraine: Utopia or a Chance?, p. 49-64. ISBN978-83-932398-0-1.
Typ dokumentu
Identyfikator YADDA

Zgłoszenie zostało wysłane

Zgłoszenie zostało wysłane

Musisz być zalogowany aby pisać komentarze.
JavaScript jest wyłączony w Twojej przeglądarce internetowej. Włącz go, a następnie odśwież stronę, aby móc w pełni z niej korzystać.