Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników
2015 | 3 | nr 4 | 1--10
Tytuł artykułu

Environmental values in the petrochemical industry: A Q-method study in South West Iran

Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
Achieving sustainable development in different regional and cultural contexts is dependent, in part, upon an understanding of key actors' underlying environmental, social and economic values. The social research technique called Q-methodology presents an effective Means to explore dry values as a matter of discourse: revealing the typologies of stakeholder perspectives within a given debate. Q-factor method involves analysis of participant rank-ordered preselected statements on a topic. The resultant factors are then reinterpreted as social Discourses. In this study the use of Q-methodology to explore the environmental values of Health, Safety and Environmental (HSE) managers in petrochemical companies in Khuzestan province in southwest Iran. Khuzestan is a key region of petrochemical product development, Significant associated with environmental pollution effects. Understanding HSE managers' attitudes to environmental protection is of value in predicting broader environmental impacts to the region, given the relative Importance of Their roles in regulating the environmental performance of this industry. Our results reveal four distinct and varied perspectives on environmental protection labeled: 'Environmental stewardship', 'Environmental presentism', 'Technological optimism' and 'Enlightened anthropocentrism'. We then discuss how emergent These four perspectives correspond to broader environmental Discourses as categorized by John Dryzek: i.e. green rationalism, economic rationalism, prometheanism and ecological modernization respectively.(original abstract)
Opis fizyczny
  • Ramin Agriculture and Natural Resources University of Khuzestan, Iran
  • Ramin Agriculture and Natural Resources University of Khuzestan, Iran
  • University of Sheffield, United Kingdom
  • Ramin Agriculture and Natural Resources University of Khuzestan, Iran
  • Ramin Agriculture and Natural Resources University of Khuzestan, Iran
  • Atiqul Haq S.M., Vanwing T., Hens L. 2010. Perception, Environmental Degradation and Family Size Preference: a Context of Developing Countries. J. Sustain. Dev., 3 (4): 102-108.
  • Addams H., Proops J.L. (eds.) 2000. Social discourse and environmental policy: an application of Q methodology. Edward Elgar Publishing, Cheltenham.
  • Anderson B.A., Romani J.H., Phillips H. Wentzel M., Tlabela K. 2007. Exploring environmental perceptions, behaviors and awareness: water and water pollution in South Africa. Population Environ., 28: 133-161.
  • Armatas C.A. Venn T.J., Watson V.E. 2014. Applying Qmethodology to select and define attributes for nonmarket valuation: A case study from Northwest Wyoming, United States. Ecol. Econ., 107: 447-456. [CrossRef]
  • Barber N., Taylor C., Strick S. 2009. Wine consumers' environmental knowledge and attitudes: Influence on willingness to purchase. Int. J. Wine Res., 1. 59-72.
  • Barry J., Proops J. 1999. Seeking sustainability discourses with Q methodology. Ecol. Econ., 28(3): 337-345. [CrossRef]
  • Bedrous A.V. 2010. Comparing Individual- and National- Level explanations of Environmental Attitudes. Sociology Theses, Dissertations & Student Research. Paper 7.
  • Behnood R., Anvaripour B., Jaafarzade Haghighi Fard, N., Farasati M. 2013. Application of Natural Sorbents in Crude Oil Adsorption. Iranian J. Oil & Gas Sci. Tech., 24: 01-11.
  • Brown S.R. 1993. A primer on Q methodology. Operant subjectivity, 16 (3/4): 91-138.
  • Chen X., Peterson M.N., Hull V., Lu C., Lee G., Hong D., Liu J. 2011. Effects of attitudinal and socio-demographic factors on pro-environmental behavior in urban China. Environ. Cons., 1-8. Foundation for Environmental Conservation.
  • Chendo N.A. 2013. Managers' Perceptions of Environmental Sustainability in Small and Medium Scale Enterprises (SMEs): Implication for Competitive Marketing Advantages for Sachet Water Manufacturers in Anambra State, Nigeria. European J. Bus. Manage., 5 (7): 186-195.
  • Costanza R. 1989. What is Ecological Economics? Ecol. Econ., 1: l-7 [CrossRef]
  • Costanza R. 2001. Visions, Values, Valuation, and the Need for an Ecological Economics. BioScience, 51 (6): 459-468. [CrossRef]
  • Cotton M., Devine-Wright P. 2011. Discourses of energy infrastructure development: a Q-method study of electricity transmission line siting in the UK. Environ. Plan.- A, 43 (4), 942.
  • Cotton M. 2015. Stakeholder perspectives on shale gas fracking: a Q-method study of environmental discourses. Environ. Plan.- A, 47 (9): 1944-1962.
  • Cotton M.D., Mahroos-Alsaiari A.A. 2015. Key actor perspectives on stakeholder engagement in Omani Environmental Impact Assessment: an application of Q-Methodology. J. Environ. Plan. Manage., 58 (1): 91-112.
  • Curry R., Barry J., McClenaghan A. 2013. Northern Visions? Applying Q methodology to understand stakeholder views on the environmental and resource dimensions of sustainability. J. Environ. Plan. Manage., 56 (5): 624-649.
  • Dasgupta P., Vira B. 2005. Q Methodology' for Mapping Stakeholder Perceptions In Participatory Forest Management. the UK Department for International Development (DFID) for the benefit of developing countries under its Natural Resources Systems Programme (project no R8280).
  • Davies B.B., Hodge I.D. 2007. Exploring environmental perspectives in lowland agriculture: A Q methodology study in East Anglia, UK. J. Ecol. Econ., 61: 323-333. [CrossRef]
  • Del Angel-Perez A.L., Villagomez-Cortes J.A. 2014. Environment Perceptions and Conservation Preferences along the Coatepec-La Antigua Watershed, México. J. Human Ecol., 46 (3): 309-318.
  • Dibrell C., Craig J,B., Hansen E.N. 2011. How managerial attitudes toward the natural environment affect market orientation and innovation. J. Bus. Res., 64: 401-407. [CrossRef]
  • Dryzek J. 1997. Politics of the Earth: Environmental Discourses. Oxford Univ. Press, Oxford.
  • Ellis G., Barry J., Robinson C. 2007. Many ways to say 'no', different ways to say 'yes': applying Q-methodology to understand public acceptance of wind farm proposals. J. Environ. Plan. Manage., 50 (4): 517-551.
  • Frantzi S., Carter N.T., Lovett J.C. 2009. Exploring discourses on international environmental regime effectiveness with Q methodology: A case study of the Mediterranean Action Plan. J. Environ. Plan. Manage., 90: 177-186 [CrossRef]
  • Ghimire D.J., Mohai P. 2005. Environmentalism and Contraceptive Use: How people in less developed settings approach environmental issues. Popul. Environ., 27, (1): 29-61.
  • Gowdy G., Erickson J.D. 2005. The approach of ecological economics. Cambridge J. Econ., 29: 207-222.
  • Gutierrez R.C. 2006. What is Ecological Economics? by Earth Econ.
  • Hall C., Wreford A. 2012. Adaptation to climate change: the attitudes of stakeholders in the livestock industry. Mitigation Adaptation Strategies Global Change, 17 (2): 207-222.
  • Haq S.M.A., Vanwing T. 2010. Perception, Environmental Degradation and Family Size Preference: a Context of Developing Countries. J. Sustain. Dev.., 3 (4): 102-108.
  • Heckbert S. Baynes T., Reeson A. 2010. Agent- based modeling ecological economics. Annals of the New York academy of sciences. Issue: Ecol. Econ. Rev.: 39-53.
  • Hafrichter R. 1993. Toxic struggles; the theory and practice of environmental justice (No. GTZ-971).
  • Hornsby J.S., Kuratko D.F., Zahra S.A. 2002. Middle managers' perception of the internal environment for corporate entrepreneurship: assessing a measurement scale. J. Bus. Venturin, 17: 253-273.
  • Hosseini S.E., Andwari A.M., Wahid M.A., Bagheri G. 2013. A review on green energy potentials in Iran. Renew. Sustain. Energ. Rev., 27: 533-545. [CrossRef]
  • Hunter L.M., Strife S. 2010. Environmental Perceptions of Rural South African Residents: The Complex Nature of Environmental Concern. Soc. Natur. Res., 23: 525-541. [CrossRef]
  • Iizuka M. 2000. Role of Environmental Awareness in Achieving Sustainable Development. Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean, under the project 'Enhancement of Citizen's Awareness in Formulation of Pollution Control Policies in Major Latin American Cities', Environment and Human Settlements Division of ECLAC Inagami M., Ohno R. 2009. Anisotropy of environmental perception caused by spatial changes during locomotion. J. Environ. Psychol., 30: 1-9.
  • Iran National climate office, 2003. Second National Communication to UNFCCC.
  • Iran National climate office, 2010. Second National Communication to UNFCCC.
  • Keary M. 2011. Message in a model: Technological optimism in climate change mitigation modeling.
  • Kincaid, M. (2011). A Q-methodology Study: Stakeholder perspectives on the future management of Capitol Lake, Olympia, Washington. Thesis for Master of Environmental Studies Degree, Evergreen State College.
  • Kollmuss A., Ageyman J. 2002. Mind the Gap: why do people act environmentally and what are the barriers to proenvironmental behavior? Environ. Educ. Res., 8 (3): 239-260. [CrossRef]
  • Lauber T.B., Tidball K.G. 2014. Characterizing Healthy Urban Systems: Implications for Urban Environmental Education. Cities and the Environment (CATE), 7 (2). Available at: htt://
  • Logo E. 2013. Q-methodology method based environmental awareness measurement in transportation. Int. J. Traffic Trans. Engin., 3 (1): 45-53. [CrossRef]
  • Mol P.J. 2002. Ecological Modernization and the Global Economy. Global Environ. Politics, 2 (2): 92-115.
  • Musich S., Hook D., Baaner S., Spooner M., Edington D.W. 2006. The Association of Corporate Work Environment Factors, Health Risks, and Medical Conditions with Presenteeism Among Australian Employees. "American Journal of Health Promotion".: November/December. 21 (2): 127-136.
  • Næss A. 1973. The Shallow and the Deep, Long-Range Ecology Movement. Inquiry, 16: 95-100. [CrossRef]
  • Nwagbara E.N., Abia R.P., Uyang, F.A., Ejeje J.A. 2012. Poverty, Environmental Degradation and Sustainable Development: A Discourse. Global J. Human Soc. Sci., 12. (11). Online ISSN: 2249-460x & Print ISSN: 0975-587X.
  • Perkins P.E. 2007. Feminist Ecological Economics and Sustainability. J. Bioecon., 9: 227-244.
  • Poortinga W., Steg L., Vlek C. 2004. Values, Environmental concern and environmental behavior. A study In to Household Energy Use. Environ. Behav., 36 (1): 70-93. [CrossRef]
  • Ramalho-Guedes G., Luiz-Do-Carmo R. 2013. Self-interest versus collective action: understanding cross-class environmental perception, knowledge and behavior in Brazil. Papeles de poblacion, 19 (78): 223-258.
  • Redclift M. 1993. Sustainable Development: Needs, Values, Rights. Environ. Values, 2 (1): 3-20.
  • Schlosberg D. 2007. Defining Environmental Justice: Theories, Movements, and Nature. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
  • Smith K.R. 1993. Fuel combustion, air pollution exposure, and health: the situation in developing countries. Annu. Rev. Energ. Environ., 18 (1): 529-566. [CrossRef]
  • Steelman T.A., Maguire L.A. 1999. Understanding participant perspectives: Q-methodology in national forest management. J. Policy Analysis Manage., 18 (3): 361-388.
  • Stephenson W. 1953. The study of behavior: Q-technique and its methodology. University of Chicago Press, Chicago.
  • Stergiou D., Airey D. 2011. Q-methodology and tourism research. Curr. Iss. Tourism, 14, 4: 311-322.
  • Stern P.C. 2000. Toward a Coherent Theory of Environmentally Significant Behavior. J. Soc. Iss., 56(3). 407-424. [CrossRef]
  • Swedeen P. 2006. Post-normal science in practice: A Q study of the potential for sustainable forestry in Washington State, USA. Ecol. Econ., 57, 190-208. [CrossRef]
  • Utzinger J., Wyss K., Moto D.D., Tanner M., Singer B.H. 2005. Assessing health impacts of the Chad-Cameroon petroleum development and pipeline project: challenges and a way forward. Environ. impact assessment rev., 25(1), 63-93.
  • Venables D., Pidgeon N., Simmons P., Henwood K., Parkhill K. 2009. Living with Nuclear Power: A Q-Method Study of Local Community Perceptions. Risk Analysis, 29(8), 1089-1104.
  • Warf B. 2006. Encyclopedia of Human Geography. SAGE Publ., Inc.
  • Weekes V.L. 2008. Attitudes and perspectives towards water and water management in the towns of Gibsons, British Colombia. Simon Fraser University.
  • Zabala A. 2014. Q method: A Package to Explore Human Perspectives Using Q Methodology. The R Journal, 6/2.
  • Zand Hessami H., Yousefi P. 2013. Investigation of major factors influencing green purchasing behavior: Interactive approach. Eur. online J. Natur. Soc. Sci., 2 (4). 584-596.
Typ dokumentu
Identyfikator YADDA

Zgłoszenie zostało wysłane

Zgłoszenie zostało wysłane

Musisz być zalogowany aby pisać komentarze.
JavaScript jest wyłączony w Twojej przeglądarce internetowej. Włącz go, a następnie odśwież stronę, aby móc w pełni z niej korzystać.